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78 <H2>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</H2>
79 <H3>Documentation: Using SystemRescueCD</H3>
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81 <div style="position: absolute; left: 0px;"><H4>15/09/2010 - v 3.1.0</H4></div>
82 <div style="position: absolute; right: 0px;"><H4>Last update: 02/03/2011</H4></div>
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103 <a name="sysresccd-top"></a>
104
105 <!-- Intro -->
106
107 <H2 style="margin-top: 0;"><a name="sysresccd-intro"></a>Intro <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#sysresccd-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
108
109 <p><b>SystemRescueCD</b> is an excellent Live CD. It contains cloning software too (<a href="http://www.fsarchiver.org/Main_Page" target="_blank">FSArchiver</a> and <a href="http://www.partimage.org/Main_Page" target="_blank">partimage</a>, to be spesific), but is unable to clone a whole disk, instead of only individual partitions.<br>
110 <br>
111 <b>Clonezilla Live</b> is a great cloning solution, but it is unable to do anything but clone. For general system administration, you need a lot more functions - like these offered by <b>SystemRescueCD</b>.<br>
112 <br>
113 <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> has all of the functions of both discs. It's a multi boot CD, so switching between CDs requires a reboot, but using both individual discs requires switching the physical disc - in addition to rebooting.<br>
114 <br>
115 But, of course, to be able to use <b>SystemRescueCD</b>'s functions, you need to know how to use them. We don't have permission to redistribute <b>SystemRescueCD</b> documentation, so this page contains only just enough information to allow you to look for more help in <b>SystemRescueCD</b> documentation.</p>
116
117
118
119 <!-- Boot options -->
120
121 <H2><a name="boot-options"></a>Which boot option to pick? <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#sysresccd-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
122
123 <p>You may be confused because of the number of boot options you have. After choosing "<b>CD 2: System Rescue CD</b>" you have a total of 15 options to boot <b>SystemRescueCD</b>. Here is a table of them.<br>
124 <br>
125 <!--not-on-txt--><table border="1">
126 <tr>
127 <td></td>
128 <td>Normal</td>
129 <td>To RAM</td>
130 <td>Graphical Environment</td>
131 <td>VESA</td>
132 <td>Mini Shell</td>
133 </tr>
134 <tr>
135 <td>32-bit kernel</td>
136 <td style="background-color:red"></td>
137 <td></td>
138 <td style="background-color:green"></td>
139 <td></td>
140 <td></td>
141 </tr>
142 <tr>
143 <td>32-bit kernel (alternative)</td>
144 <td></td>
145 <td></td>
146 <td></td>
147 <td></td>
148 <td></td>
149 </tr>
150 <tr>
151 <td>64-bit kernel</td>
152 <td style="background-color:red"></td>
153 <td></td>
154 <td style="background-color:green"></td>
155 <td></td>
156 <td></td>
157 </tr>
158 </table><br>
159 <br>
160 In the table, I have marked the options you most likely need. You should choose either of the options on <span style="background-color:green">green background</span> if you have no idea and/or time to read the next sections.</p>
161 <!--end-not-on-txt-->
162
163
164
165
166 <!--empty line-->
167 <H3><a name="boot-column"></a>Choosing the column <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#sysresccd-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
168
169 <p>If you're accustomed to graphical environment, choose <b>Graphical Environment</b>. In <b>Graphical Environment</b> you're able to use graphical programs, like <b>GParted</b> and <b>Mozilla Firefox</b>. Terminals are also available, so using <b>Graphical Environment</b> doesn't prevent using command line. The only negative thing of <b>Graphical Environment</b> is that it slows booting process down a bit - and it's often just plain unneeded.<br>
170 <br>
171 Try <b>VESA</b>, if normal <b>Graphical Environment</b> doesn't work. <b>VESA</b> uses <b>Xvesa</b> graphical environment instead of <b>X.Org</b> that sometimes doesn't work. The drawback of <b>Xvesa</b> compared to <b>X.Org</b> is that <b>Xvesa</b> isn't optimized to any hardware, which means poorer performance.<br>
172 <br>
173 If you're accustomed to command line and know already that you're not going to use any graphical program, choose one of the normal options (just below "System Rescue CD Menu"). Booting to command line is a bit faster process than booting to graphical environment, and you can start X manually later.<br>
174 <br>
175 You need the option <b>To RAM</b> if you plan to burn discs while using <b>SystemRescueCD</b>. The option copies the whole <b>SystemRescueCD</b> to the memory of the computer during the boot process, allowing you to put another disc to your CD/DVD writer while using <b>SystemRescueCD</b>. The negative thing is that reading all the contents of the disc slows boot process down a lot. There is no option which copies the disc to the memory and starts graphical environment automatically, but you can easily start it manually.<br>
176 <br>
177 <b>Mini Shell</b> is probably the least used option. It enters <b>BusyBox</b> shell after booting. <b>BusyBox</b> is an application that "combines tiny versions of many common UNIX utilities into a single small executable." However, <b>SystemRescueCD</b> contains most of these utilities anyway, so there is not much need to use this option. <a href="http://www.busybox.net/about.html" target="_blank">some information</a> <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BusyBox" target="_blank">about BusyBox</a></p>
178 <!--empty line-->
179 <H3><a name="boot-row"></a>Choosing the row (kernel) <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#sysresccd-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
180
181 <p>After having chosen the column of the above table, you still have three options. Now you need to choose the kernel.<br>
182 <br>
183 The optimal kernel depends on the processor of your computer. If it's an IA-32 processor, like Intel Pentium 4 or AMD Athlon XP, you should choose <b>32-bit kernel</b>, because <b>64-bit kernel</b> doesn't work at all. If you have a x86-64 processor, like AMD Athlon 64 or Intel Core 2, you can choose any kernel - the processor can run all of them. <b>64-bit kernel</b> should be preferred, because it allows chrooting on an existing GNU/Linux partition containing 64-bit programs.</br>
184 <br>
185 If you don't know your processor architecture, try <b>64-bit kernel</b>. If your processor architecture is IA-32, you'll see the following error message:</p>
186 <!--empty line-->
187 <p class="newcode">This kernel requires an x86-64 CPU, but only detected an i686 CPU. Unable to boot - please use a kernel appropriate for your CPU.</p>
188 <!--empty line-->
189 <p>At this stage, simply press Ctrl-Alt-Del to reboot and use always <b>32-bit kernel</b> on the machine.<br>
190 <br>
191 There is one more kernel - <b>32-bit kernel (alternative)</b>. It's designed to support more recent hardware than the regular kernel. Try it if standard <b>32-bit kernel</b> doesn't work.</p>
192
193
194
195 <!-- After booting -->
196
197 <H2><a name="after-booting"></a>After booting <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#sysresccd-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
198 <!--empty line-->
199 <H3><a name="graphical-mode"></a>HELP!!! Where are the desktop and Start menu? <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#sysresccd-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
200 <p>You should have read <a href="#boot-column">this section</a> if you're looking for them. However, you don't need to reboot in order to enter graphical environment. Simply type this command and press ENTER:</p>
201 <!--empty line-->
202 <p class="newcode">wizard</p>
203 <!--empty line-->
204 <p>The command asks you to choose a graphical environment. Try first <b>X.Org</b>, and if it fails, run the command again and choose <b>Xvesa</b>.</p>
205 <!--empty line-->
206 <H3><a name="internet"></a>Connecting to the Internet <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#sysresccd-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
207
208 <p>The CD doesn't contain any <b>SystemRescueCD</b> documentation, because we don't have permission to redistribute it. In addition, our time is limited and we can't rewrite it all. So, you need to connect to the Internet to be able to read <b>SystemRescueCD</b>'s official online documentation.<br>
209 <br>
210 Luckily, establishing Internet connection should be easy, if you're in a network using DHCP. Nowadays, most people are. If you're using graphical mode and terminal isn't already open, open it via the menu that opens when you click the leftmost icon in the bottom pane.<br>
211 <br>
212 Then, type this command and press ENTER:</p>
213 <!--empty line-->
214 <p class="newcode">dhcpcd eth0</p>
215 <!--empty line-->
216 <p>If the network doesn't use DHCP, you can also configure Internet settings by hand. You should be able to do so if you've previously configured your settings in the operating system you normally use. The command to run is</p>
217 <!--empty line-->
218 <p class="newcode">net-setup</p>
219
220
221
222 <!-- Stopping to use the CD -->
223
224 <H2><a name="stop"></a>When you're done <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#sysresccd-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
225
226 <p>When you're done, you naturally want to either shut the computer down or reboot. Wait! Don't do it yet!<br>
227 <br>
228 Both I and Spiros have found out that letting a live CD to automatically unmount partitions is often a bad idea. It can damage the filesystems of the partitions which were mounted when the computer was shut down and destroy any files in the partitions, even them you didn't use within the CD.<br>
229 <br>
230 So, I recommend unmounting them refore shutdown or reboot. Just run these commands when you're done.<br>
231 <br>
232 If you want to reboot:</p>
233 <!--empty line-->
234 <p class="newcode">cd<br>
235 umount -a<br>
236 reboot</p>
237 <!--empty line-->
238 <p>If you want to shut down:</p>
239 <p class="newcode">cd<br>
240 umount -a<br>
241 poweroff</p>
242
243
244
245 <!-- Links -->
246
247 <H2><a name="more"></a>More info <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#sysresccd-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
248
249 <p>Here are some links to the official <b>SystemRescueCD</b> resources.<br>
250 <br>
251 SystemRescueCD - <a href="http://www.sysresccd.org/Main_Page" target="_blank">http://www.sysresccd.org/Main_Page</a><br>
252 Detailed packages list- <a href="http://www.sysresccd.org/Detailed-packages-list" target="_blank">http://www.sysresccd.org/Detailed-packages-list</a><br>
253 Manual - <a href="http://www.sysresccd.org/Online-Manual-EN" target="_blank">http://www.sysresccd.org/Online-Manual-EN</a><br>
254 FAQ - <a href="http://www.sysresccd.org/FAQ" target="_blank">http://www.sysresccd.org/FAQ</a><br>
255 Howto - <a href="http://www.sysresccd.org/Howto" target="_blank">http://www.sysresccd.org/Howto</a><br>
256 Forum - <a href="http://www.sysresccd.org/forums/" target="_blank">http://www.sysresccd.org/forums/</a><br></p>
257
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266 <div id="docline-bottom"> <a href="oldboot.html">&lt; PREV</a> <a href="doc.html">UP</a> <a href="partitions.html">NEXT &gt;</a> </div>
267 <p>Copyright: &#169; <a href="mailto:&#115;&#110;&#103;&#064;&#104;&#101;&#108;&#108;&#117;&#103;&#046;&#103;&#114;?subject=About Clonezilla-SysRescCD v 3.1.0">Spiros Georgaras</a>, 2007-2010<br /><br/>
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