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6 sng 52 <title>Clonezilla-SysRescCD - Offline Documentation: Creating a Restore DVD - Part 2</title>
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78     <H2>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</H2>
79 sng 52 <H3>Offline Documentation: Creating a Restore DVD - Part 2</H3>
80 sng 49 <div style="margin:0; padding: 3px; width: 980; position relative;">
81     <div style="position: absolute; left: 0px;"><H4>26/03/2010 - v 3.1.0</H4></div>
82     <div style="position: absolute; right: 0px;"><H4>Last update: 18/05/2010</H4></div>
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86    
87    
88     <!-- <a href="features.html">Features</a>-->
89 sng 52 <a class="here" href="../README.html">Offline Documentation</a>
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99     <div id="docline-top"> <a href="restore.html">&lt; PREV</a> <a href="../README.html">UP</a> <a href="reloc-img.html">NEXT &gt;</a> </div>
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103     <a name="restore-burn-top"></a>
104    
105    
106    
107    
108     <!-- Intro -->
109     <H2 style="margin-top: 0;"><a name="restore-burn-intro"></a>What to do with the disk image <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#restore-burn-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
110     <p>The <a href="restore.html">previous page</a> contains partial instructions to create an automated recovery DVD. They're partial because they only tell how the disk image can be created, not what one should do with the image. Of course, partial instructions are not enough, but don't worry - this page is the other part.<br><br>
111     <!--empty line-->
112     Earlier versions of <b>Clonezilla Live</b> allowed creating the DVD without reboot, but it's no longer possible due to a known bug. The disk image can't be created if <b>Clonezilla Live</b> has been loaded into memory (<a href="http://free.nchc.org.tw/clonezilla-live/stable/Known-issues-Clonezilla-live.txt" target="_blank">source</a>) and the image can't be burned to disc if <b>Clonezilla Live</b> isn't in memory. And if the computer must be rebooted anyway, it's a good idea to use one's favorite operating system and a graphical burning program for burning the disc. Doing so also allows reading these instructions while burning the disc.<br><br>
113     <!--empty line-->
114     This page walks through burning the disc by using <b>ImgBurn</b> and <b>K3b</b>. The instructions can be adapted for many other burning programs as well. If your burning program is too different, download either of the programs mentioned - they both can be downloaded for free.<br><br>
115     <!--empty line-->
116     In addition to a DVD, bootable pendrive or external hard drive can be created as well. If you want to do so, follow instructions <a href="#zip">below</a>.<br><br>
117     <!--empty line-->
118     Before following these instructions, insert a writable DVD or Blu-ray disc to your burner.</p>
119    
120    
121    
122    
123     <!-- Burning the disc -->
124     <H2><a name="dvd"></a>Burning the disc <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#restore-burn-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
125    
126     <H3><a name="dvd-image"></a>If the ISO file contains the disk image [<a href="#restore-burn-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
127    
128     <H4><a name="dvd-imgburn"></a>Using ImgBurn [<a href="#restore-burn-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H4>
129    
130     <p><a href="http://www.imgburn.com/" target="_blank">ImgBurn</a> is a lightweight but very feature-rich disc burning program. It only requires about two megabytes disk space and contains <a href="http://cynthia.ownit.nu/ImgBurn/guide_settings/settings01a.png" target="_blank">a lot of settings</a>. <b>ImgBurn</b> is closed-source freeware and - unfortunately - Windows-only software. I (Jyrki) personally use <b>ImgBurn</b> when burning discs within Windows.<br><br>
131     <!--empty line-->
132     Launch <b>ImgBurn</b> and press <b>Write image file to disc</b>. Select the disk image you just created.<br><br>
133     <!--empty line-->
134     At the settings window, keep <b>Test Mode</b> disabled. I also recommend keeping the <b>Verify</b> option enabled. Verifying the integrity of the disc after burning requires time and doesn't prevent the disc from becoming a so-called coaster, but it allows you to know immediately if the burning attempt failed, so you can try burning the disc again.<br><br>
135     <!--empty line-->
136     Keep the number of copies as 1 (or increase it, if you really want multiple copies of the disc). Use your best judgment while choosing the burning speed: according to <a href="http://club.myce.com/f33/high-speed-vs-low-speed-burning-69698/" target="_blank">this forum thread</a> lowering the burning speed gives very mixed results in quality. I personally use ¾ of the maximum speed of the disc, for example 12x on a disc rated 16x.<br><br>
137     <!--empty line-->
138     After choosing the settings, press the big picture at the bottom-left of the window. Don't do anything that requires much computer resources while burning, because doing so increases the likelihood of burning failure.<br><br>
139     <!--empty line-->
140     That's it. You own now an automated recovery disc.</p>
141     <!--empty line-->
142     <H4><a name="dvd-k3b"></a>Using K3b [<a href="#restore-burn-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H4>
143    
144     <p><a href="http://k3b.plainblack.com/" target="_blank">K3b</a> (KDE Burn Baby Burn) is the disc burning program included in KDE Software Compilation. It comes with most, if not all, KDE-based GNU/Linux distributions. It can also be installed on other distributions, but I recommend <i>against</i> doing so - <b>K3b</b> requires KDE base packages to be installed, and it doesn't make much sense to install KDE base only for <b>K3b</b>.<br><br>
145     <!--empty line-->
146     <img src="images/k3b-00.png"><br>
147     I launch <b>K3b</b> and navigate to the folder where the disk image resides.<br><br>
148     <!--empty line-->
149     <img src="images/k3b-01.png"><br>
150     I double-click the file <b>clonezilla-live-<font color="Green">Backup_5-2010_hda</font>.iso</b>.<br><br>
151     <!--empty line-->
152     <img src="images/k3b-02.png"><br>
153     This window allows me to choose burning settings. I don't touch <b>Image Type</b> or <b>Burn Medium</b>, because they're auto-detected anyway. The maximum burning speed allowed by the disc is 16x, so I choose speed 12x. According to <a href="http://club.myce.com/f33/high-speed-vs-low-speed-burning-69698/" target="_blank">this forum thread</a> low burning speed can decrease burning quality, so I always use speed near the maximum speed of the disc.<br><br>
154     <!--empty line-->
155     I keep <b>Writing Mode</b> as Auto and number of copies as 1. I also keep the <b>Simulate</b> option disabled and enable the <b>Verify written data</b> option. The latter allows me to notice immediately if the burning attempt failed, so I can try burning the disc again, rather than owning a so-called coaster and relying on it if something happens to my data...<br><br>
156     <!--empty line-->
157     <img src="images/k3b-03.png"><br>
158     I click <b>Start</b> and the burning process begins.<br><br>
159     <!--empty line-->
160     <img src="images/k3b-04.png"><br>
161     Because I enabled the <b>Verify written data</b> option, <b>K3b</b> starts verifying the integrity of the disc right after burning.<br><br>
162     <!--empty line-->
163     <img src="images/k3b-05.png"><br>
164     The burning attempt succeeded.<br><br>
165     <!--empty line-->
166     <H3><a name="dvd-noimage"></a>If the ISO file contains no image [<a href="#restore-burn-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
167    
168     <p>If you have enabled the workaround to create a ISO file that contains no disk image (required if the size of the image is over 4,4 gigabytes), things become much more problematic. The ISO file and the image can't be burned to the disc simultaneously, they must be written one-by-one. That requires two burning sessions: the first for writing the ISO file to the disc and the second for adding the disk image. Many burning programs don't even support multisession burning at all. About the programs I've mentioned in this page: <b>K3b</b> supports multisession burning, <b>ImgBurn</b> doesn't.<br><br>
169     <!--empty line-->
170     I didn't find any instructions for adding an additional file to a spesific directory by using <b>K3b</b>. Actually, I don't even know if that's possible at all. Thus, I recommend using <b>growisofs</b> for burning the disc if the workaround has been enabled, because <b>growisofs</b> allows adding any file to any directory. However, there's one more limitation: <b>growisofs</b> doesn't support multisession burning on dual layer DVD-R discs, so you must use dual layer DVD+R or Blu-ray disc. (<a href="http://fy.chalmers.se/~appro/linux/DVD+RW/-RW/#nomultisess" target="_blank">source</a>)<br><br>
171     <!--empty line-->
172     <b>Growisofs</b> is a command-line program and a part of <b>dvd+rw-tools</b> that is installed on most GNU/Linux distributions. <b>Dvd+rw-tools</b> is Linux-only software, so if you use a competing operating system, you must boot into <b>SystemRescueCD</b> (graphical mode is not needed) in order to burn the disc.<br><br>
173     <!--empty line-->
174     Open terminal and mount the partition that contains the image. The commands below must be run as root.</p>
175     <!--empty line-->
176     <p class="newcode">mkdir /media/usb<br>
177     mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc1</font> /media/usb</p>
178     <!--empty line-->
179     <p><b>Note:</b> How a command can be run as root depends on the GNU/Linux distribution you use. If it's Ubuntu or a distro based on it, simply put "<b>sudo</b>" above the command. For example, the latter of the above commands can be executed by typing "<b>sudo mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc1</font> /media/usb</b>". If you're using <b>SystemRescueCD</b>, all commands are run as root, so you don't need to add any prefix to the commands.</p>
180     <!--empty line-->
181     <p><b>Note:</b> In the command replace <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sdc1</font></b> with the partition where the disk image resides. It's the same partition you mounted as <b>/home/partimag</b> when creating the image.</p>
182     <!--empty line-->
183     <p>Go to root of the partition:</p>
184     <!--empty line-->
185     <p class="newcode">cd /media/usb</p>
186     <!--empty line-->
187     <p>Burn the ISO file to the disc:</p>
188     <!--empty line-->
189     <p class="newcode">growisofs -Z /dev/dvd=clonezilla-live-<font color="Green">Backup_5-2010_hdb</font>.iso</p>
190     <!--empty line-->
191     <p><b>Note:</b> In the last command I have assumed your ISO file is <b>clonezilla-live-<font color="Green">Backup_5-2010_hdb</font>.iso</b>. You will have to replace this with the actual name of the file.</p>
192     <!--empty line-->
193     <p><b>Note:</b> If your computer has multiple DVD drives, replace <b>/dev/dvd</b> with the name of your DVD writer.</p>
194     <!--empty line-->
195     <p>The disc must be ejected because it's the only known way to force the drive to reread the disc. Do it:</p>
196     <!--empty line-->
197     <p class="newcode">eject /dev/dvd</p>
198     <!--empty line-->
199     <p><b>Note:</b> If your drive can't reload the disc, insert the disc back right after ejecting it.</p>
200     <!--empty line-->
201     <p>Finally, add the image file to the disc:</p>
202     <!--empty line-->
203     <p class="newcode">growisofs -M /dev/dvd -R -J -V "<font color="Green">Backup_5-2010_hdb</font>" --publisher "<font color="Green">Your Name</font>" -graft-points /<font color="Green">Backup_5-2010_hdb</font>/=/media/usb/<font color="Green">Backup_5-2010_hdb</font></p>
204     <!--empty line-->
205     <p><b>Note:</b> In the command replace <b><font color="Green">Your Name</font></b> with anything you want to be the publisher ID of the disc. If you don't want the disc to have any publisher ID, run this command instead:</p>
206     <!--empty line-->
207     <p class="newcode">growisofs -M /dev/dvd -R -J -V "<font color="Green">Backup_5-2010_hdb</font>" -graft-points /<font color="Green">Backup_5-2010_hdb</font>/=/media/usb/<font color="Green">Backup_5-2010_hdb</font></p>
208     <!--empty line-->
209     <p><img src="images/restore-20.png"><br>Here we can see the boot menu of the disc.</p>
210    
211    
212    
213    
214     <!--ZIP file instructions-->
215     <H2><a name="zip"></a>ZIP file instructions <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#restore-burn-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
216    
217     <p>Often the image file is way too big to fit to even 8 GB DVD. Some people may also want to be able to overwrite the backup when it becomes outdated. In addition, netbooks don't have optical drives at all.</p>
218     <!--empty line-->
219     <p>One option is using recovery thumb drive or external hard drive instead of DVD. If the external HD is big enough, the disk image can be even over a terabyte in size. Recovery USB drive can also be used on netbooks and overwritten at will.</p>
220     <!--empty line-->
221     <p><b>Clonezilla Live</b> allows creating a ZIP file instead of disk image. If you want to do so, follow this step-by-step guide.</p>
222     <!--empty line-->
223     <p>Before creating the disk image, make sure it is split to pieces of four gigabytes or less. It is split automatically if you use <font color="Red"><b>Beginner mode</b></font>, and if you use <font color="Red"><b>Expert mode</b></font>, you should already know how the splitting setting can be changed.</p>
224    
225     <!--empty line-->
226     <H3><a name="zip-linux"></a>Using GNU/Linux [<a href="#restore-burn-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
227    
228     <p>After creating the disk image and booting into GNU/Linux, make sure that the filesystem of the partition where you plan to put the disk image is FAT32. If you don't know the filesystem, open terminal and run this command as root:</p>
229     <!--empty line-->
230     <p class="newcode">fdisk -l /dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font></p>
231     <!--empty line-->
232     <p><b>Note:</b> How a command can be run as root depends on the GNU/Linux distribution you use. If it's Ubuntu or a distro based on it, simply put "<b>sudo</b>" above the command. For example, the above command can be executed by typing "<b>sudo fdisk -l /dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font></b>"</p>
233     <!--empty line-->
234     <p><b>Note:</b> In the command replace <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font></b> with the name of your USB disk.</p>
235     <!--empty line-->
236     <p><b>Note:</b> The l in parameter <b>-l</b> is lowercase L, not number 1.</p>
237     <!--empty line-->
238     <p>If your disk doesn't contain any FAT32 partition, but it contains a partition which is big enough and doesn't contain any important data, format the partition as FAT32. The command below needs root access too.</p>
239     <!--empty line-->
240     <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/important.png"></td><td>
241     The command below erases all the data on the target partition.<br><br>Make sure you don't format a wrong partition by accident.
242     </td></tr></table></div>
243     <!--empty line-->
244     <p class="newcode">mkfs.vfat -F 32 /dev/<font color="Green">sdc1</font></p>
245     <!--empty line-->
246     <p>After formatting the partition or noticing that it was already FAT32, extract the ZIP archive to the root of the partition. Also these commands need root rights.</p>
247     <!--empty line-->
248     <p class="newcode">mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc1</font> /media/usb<br>
249     unzip clonezilla-live-<font color="Green">Backup_5-2010_hdb</font>.zip -d /media/usb/</p>
250     <!--empty line-->
251     <p><b>Note:</b> In the last command I have assumed your image file is <b>clonezilla-live-<font color="Green">Backup_5-2010_hdb</font>.zip</b>. You will have to replace this with the actual name of the file.</p>
252     <!--empty line-->
253     <p>ZIP package contains a script to make the USB drive bootable. Let's run it. The latter of these commands needs root access.</p>
254     <!--empty line-->
255     <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/important.png"></td><td>
256     The latter of the commands below replaces the<br>existing bootloader of the target disk, if there is one.<br><br>Make sure you don't select a wrong disk by accident.
257     </td></tr></table></div>
258     <!--empty line-->
259     <p class="newcode">cd /media/usb/utils/linux<br>
260     ./makeboot.sh /dev/<font color="Green">sdc1</font></p>
261     <!--empty line-->
262     <p>That's all. Your thumb drive or external hard drive should be now an automatic recovery disk.</p>
263     <!--empty line-->
264     <H3><a name="zip-windows"></a>Using Windows [<a href="#restore-burn-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
265    
266     <p>If the Windows version you use is not Vista or 7, you need to be logged in as administrator. If you're not, but you have access to an admin account, log out and then log again in as admin.</p>
267     <!--empty line-->
268     <p>If you don't have admin rights at all, boot into <b>SystemRescueCD</b> (you don't need graphical mode this time) and follow <a href="#zip-linux">the instructions for GNU/Linux</a>. In <b>SystemRescueCD</b> all commands are run as root, so you don't need to add any prefix to the commands.</p>
269     <!--empty line-->
270     <p>If you normally use Windows, you maybe don't know the name of your USB disk in GNU/Linux. If that's the case, don't specify any disk in the first command. It causes <b>fdisk</b> to tell about all disks in the computer and you should be able to identify both the right disk and the right partition.</p>
271     <!--empty line-->
272     <p>After creating the disk image and booting into Windows, make sure that the filesystem of the partition where you plan to put the disk image is FAT32. If you don't know the filesystem, open <b>My Computer</b>, right-click the partition and select <b>Properties</b>. Then read the "File system" column. If there reads anything but FAT32, check other partitions of the disk too, if the disk contains multiple partitions. If you have a suitable FAT32 partition, continue from <a href="#extract">this step</a>.</p>
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274     <p>If your disk doesn't contain any FAT32 partition, but it contains a partition which is big enough and doesn't contain any important data, format the partition as FAT32.</p>
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276     <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/important.png"></td><td>
277     Formatting erases all the data on the target partition.<br><br>Make sure the partition contains nothing important.
278     </td></tr></table></div>
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280     <p>Right-click the partition and select <b>Format...</b>. If the Windows version you use is Vista or 7, an UAC prompt asks for admin password. Enter it.</p>
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282     <p>At the format window, choose the FAT32 filesystem. You can enter any volume label (it means the name of the partition you can see next to the partition letter) and enable <b>Quick Format</b> if you're in a hurry. If <b>Quick Format</b> is disabled, Windows checks if the partition is physically OK after formatting it. Enabling <b>Quick Format</b> makes the formatting process many times faster and, contrary to popular belief, hardly ever causes any harm.</p>
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284     <p><a name="extract"></a>After formatting the partition or noticing that it was already FAT32, extract the ZIP archive to the root of the partition. Navigate to the folder where you've saved the ZIP file and right-click it. Choose <b>Extract all...</b>, and when you're asked for location where the archive is extracted, enter the letter of the partition, for example <b>H:\</b>. Do NOT choose any folder in the partition!</p>
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286     <p>After that, browse to the folder <b><font color="Green">X</font>:\utils\win32</b>, where <b><font color="Green">X</font>:</b> is the letter of the partition.</p> Then, double-click <b>makeboot.bat</b>. If the Windows version you use is Vista or 7, another UAC prompt appears. Enter the password again. Then just follow the prompts to make the USB drive bootable.</p>
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288     <p>Now you're done. Your thumb drive or external hard drive should be an automatic recovery disk.</p>
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292     </div>
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299     <p>Copyright: &#169; <a href="mailto:&#115;&#110;&#103;&#064;&#104;&#101;&#108;&#108;&#117;&#103;&#046;&#103;&#114;?subject=About Clonezilla-SysRescCD v 3.1.0">Spiros Georgaras</a>, 2007-2010<br /><br/>
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