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76 <div id="header">
77 <H2>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</H2>
78 <H3>Offline Documentation: Installing on USB</H3>
79 <div style="margin:0; padding: 3px; width: 980; position relative;">
80 <div style="position: absolute; left: 0px;"><H4>26/03/2010 - v 3.1.0</H4></div>
81 <div style="position: absolute; right: 0px;"><H4>Last update: 18/05/2010</H4></div>
82 </div>
83 </div>
84 <div id="linkline">
85
86
87 <!-- <a href="features.html">Features</a>-->
88 <a class="here" href="../README.html">Offline Documentation</a>
89
90
91
92
93
94 <!-- docline-top-->
95 <div id="docline-top"> <a href="">&lt; PREV</a> <a href="../README.html">UP</a> <a href="boot-params.html">NEXT &gt;</a> </div>
96 </div>
97 <div id="contarea">
98 <div id="content">
99 <a name="usb-top"></a>
100
101
102 <!-- Intro -->
103
104 <H2 style="margin-top: 0;"><a name="usb-intro"></a>Installation to USB made easy <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
105 <p>Until recently installing <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> on a USB disk would not be such a great idea, because of its size. But since USB devices become cheaper and cheaper, it is an interesting alternative.<br><br>
106 <!--emty-line-->
107 Starting with <b>version 3.1.0</b>, <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> provides an iso file that's ISO-Hybrided. This means (as we read at <a href="http://syslinux.zytor.com/wiki/index.php/Doc/isolinux#HYBRID_CD-ROM.2FHARD_DISK_MODE" target="_blank">the isolynux site</a>) that</p>
108 <!--emty-line-->
109 <p class="otherpage">"the iso file can be booted from either CD-ROM or from a device which BIOS considers a hard disk or ZIP disk, e.g. a USB key or similar. This image can then be copied using any raw disk writing tool (on Unix systems, typically "dd" or "cat") to a USB disk, or written to a CD-ROM using standard CD burning tools.<br>
110 <br>
111 The ISO 9660 filesystem is encapsulated in a partition (which starts at offset zero, which may confuse some systems.) This makes it possible for the operating system, once booted, to use the remainder of the device for persistent storage by creating a second partition."</p>
112
113 <!--emty-line-->
114 <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/important.png"></td><td>
115 Incorrect use of any raw disk writing tool could cause your<br> operating system (GNU/Linux / Windows) <b>not to boot</b>.<br><br> Confirm the command before you run it.<br></td></tr></table></div>
116
117 <p>So, from any linux box, assuming <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> iso file is in your home directory, and your USB device name is <b><font color="Green">sdc4</font></b>, you just execute the commands:</p>
118
119 <p class="newcode">umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
120 dd if=~/clonezilla-sysresccd-full-mod-3.1.0.iso of=/dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font> bs=512</p>
121
122 <p>And that's it. Your usb device is ready to boot!!!</p>
123
124
125
126 <!--emty-line-->
127 <H2><a name="usb-hard"></a>Installing the "hard" way <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
128 <!--emty-line-->
129 <p>If the "easy" way does not work there is an alternative; you will use the <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> ISO file (or CD) to copy and modify a couple of files on the USB disk, and finally make it bootable, using <a href="http://syslinux.zytor.com" target="_blank">syslinux</a> and its configuration file <b>syslinux.cfg</b>.</p>
130 <!--emty-line-->
131 <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/important.png"></td><td>
132 Incorrect use of syslinux could cause your operating system<br> (GNU/Linux / Windows) <b>not to boot</b>.<br><br> Confirm the command before you run it.<br></td></tr></table></div>
133 <!--emty-line-->
134 <p>The only thing that's important is that your USB disk must contain a VFAT (Windows 98 or DOS) file system. If this is not the case, refer to the section "<a href="#trouble">Troubleshooting</a>", to find out how you can format it, before copying files to it.<br><br>
135 <!--emty-line-->
136 The bootable USB disk creation procedure can be performed either from Linux or Windows.</p>
137 <!-- note -->
138 <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/info.png"></td><td>
139 If you want to create a bootable USB flash drive for this version<br>
140 or later, remember to use the syslinux command from <b>syslinux<br>
141 3.71 or later</b>. Otherwise the boot menu won't work.</td></tr></table></div>
142 <!-- Installation from Linux -->
143 <H3><a name="linux"></a>Installation from Linux <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
144 <p>There are two ways you can proceed, if you are going to use Linux to perform the USB installation, either using a running linux box, or using <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b>.<br><br>
145 <!--emty-line-->
146 I will assume that you have saved <b>clonezilla-sysresccd-full-mod-3.1.0.iso</b> in your home directory (<b><font color="Green">~</font></b>).</p>
147 <!--emty-line-->
148 <H3><a name="lin-box"></a>Using a linux box [<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
149 <p>If you already have a linux box up and running, you can use it to create your <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> USB, without even having to burn it to CD beforehand. The only thing here is that you have to have <a href="http://syslinux.zytor.com" target="_blank">syslinux</a> installed.<br><br>
150 <!--emty-line-->
151 I will assume that your CD drive is <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sr0</font></b> and that your USB device is <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></b>. You may have to change any of them to reflect your system configuration.<br><br>
152 <!--emty-line-->
153 Boot into linux, connect your USB device and execute the following commands:</p>
154 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/mycd<br>
155 mount <font color="Green">~</font>/clonezilla-sysresccd-full-mod-3.1.0.iso /mnt/mycd -o loop<br>
156 mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
157 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font> /mnt/usbdevice<br>
158 cp -r /mnt/mycd/* /mnt/usbdevice<br>
159 umount /mnt/mycd; rmdir /mnt/mycd<br>
160 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
161 rm isolinux/*.cfg<br>
162 mv isolinux/* .<br>
163 rmdir isolinux<br>
164 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
165 rmdir /mnt/usbdevice</p>
166 <!--emty-line-->
167 <p>Finally make your USB device bootable, by executing</p>
168 <p class="newcode">syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
169 <p>and you are done.</p>
170 <!--emty-line-->
171 <H4><a name="lin-sys"></a>Using Clonezilla-SysRescCD [<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H4>
172 <p>If you already burnt <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> to CD, you can use it to create your <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> USB.<br><br>
173 <!--emty-line-->
174 I will assume that your CD drive is <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sr0</font></b> and that your USB device is <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></b>. You may have to change any of them to reflect your system configuration.<br><br>
175 <!--emty-line-->
176 Boot <b>SystemRescueCD </b> using the option <b>To RAM</b>, and when it is fully loaded, execute the following commands:</p>
177 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/mycd<br>
178 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sr0</font> /mnt/mycd <br>
179 mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
180 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font> /mnt/usbdevice<br>
181 cp -r /mnt/mycd/* /mnt/usbdevice<br>
182 umount /mnt/mycd<br>
183 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
184 rm isolinux/*.cfg<br>
185 mv isolinux/* .<br>
186 rmdir isolinux<br>
187 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
188 <!--emty-line-->
189 <p>Finally make your USB device bootable, by executing</p>
190 <p class="newcode">syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
191 <p>and you are done.</p>
192
193
194 <!-- Installation from Windows -->
195 <H3><a name="windows"></a>Installation from Windows <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
196 <p>Installing <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> from Windows is as easy as it is in Linux. You have to burn <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> to CD or use a CD/DVD ROM emulator software like <a href="http://www.daemon-tools.cc/dtcc/announcements.php" target="_blank">Daemon Tools</a> to mount the ISO file.<br><br>
197 <!--emty-line-->
198 I will assume that your USB device is drive <b><font color="Green">K:</font></b> and your CD drive or mounted ISO file is drive
199 <b><font color="Green">D:</font></b>. You may have to change any of them, in order to reflect your system configuration.<br><br>
200
201 You will have to</p>
202
203 <ul>
204 <li>Copy all files from drive <b><font color="Green">D:</font></b> (CD or mounted ISO file) to drive <b><font color="Green">K:</font></b> (USB disk)</li>
205 <li>Delete <b><u>all</u> cfg</b> files from <b><font color="Green">K:</font>isolinux</b></li>
206 <li>Move all files from <b><font color="Green">K:</font>isolinux</b> to <b><font color="Green">K:</font></b></li>
207 <li>Delete folder <b><font color="Green">K:</font>isolinux</b> </li>
208 </ul>
209 <p>Now all you have to do is make your USB disk bootable. In order to do that you have to open a DOS window (in Windows XP press "<b>Start / Run </b>" and type <b>cmd</b>). Then type at DOS prompt:</p>
210 <p class="newcode"><font color="Green">K:</font><br>
211 cd bootprog<br>
212 syslinux -ma <font color="Green">K:</font></p>
213
214 <!-- Booting from USB -->
215 <H3><a name="booting"></a>Booting from USB <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
216 <p>Before trying to boot from your USB device, you have to set your boot device at your BIOS. This means you have to reboot having your USB device connected, get into your BIOS (usually pressing DEL) and make the appropriate settings in the BOOT section.<br><br>
217 <!--emty-line-->
218 Booting <b>Clonezilla Live</b> should not be a problem. Just select the desired option and press ENTER to boot.<br><br>
219 <!--emty-line-->
220 Booting <b>SystemRescueCD</b> has been made equally simple with <b>SystemRescueCD v 1.0.0</b>, so you shouldn't have any problem (option <b>cdroot</b> is not required any more).<br><br>
221 <!--emty-line-->
222 If you have any problems here, you may try adding any of these boot parameters:</p>
223 <p class="newcode">usbstick<br>
224 doscsi</p>
225
226
227
228
229 <!-- Troubleshooting -->
230 <H3><a name="trouble"></a>Troubleshooting <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
231 <p>Whether you can successfully boot from a USB disk or not, depends mainly on your BIOS. Chances are that you will not be able to boot on an old computer, with an old (and possibly buggy) BIOS. So I would recommend testing your <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD USB</b> on a new computer.</p>
232 <ul>
233 <li><p style="margin-left: 0;"><b>I can't boot (I don't even see the splash screen)</b><br>
234 or <b>Clonezilla Live does not boot</b><br>
235 <!--emty-line-->
236 The first thing you should do is double check your BIOS settings. Reboot having your USB device connected, get into your BIOS (usually pressing DEL) and make the appropriate settings in the BOOT section.<br><br>
237 <!--emty-line-->
238 If you are on linux, check that the partition on the USB disk is active (bootable), executing:</p>
239 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">fdisk -l /dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font></p>
240 <p style="margin-left: 0;">You should get something similar to this:</p>
241 <!--emty-line-->
242 <table class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0pt;" border="0" width="100%">
243 <tr><td colspan="7">Disk /dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font>: 1031 MB, 1031798272 bytes</td></tr>
244 <tr><td colspan="7">64 heads, 32 sectors/track, 983 cylinders</td></tr>
245 <tr><td colspan="7">Units = cylinders of 2048 * 512 = 1048576 bytes</td></tr>
246 <tr><td>&nbsp;</td></tr>
247 <tr>
248 <td align="right">Device&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right"><font color="Red">Boot</font>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right">Start&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right">End&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right">Blocks&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right">Id&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right">System&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td width="99%"></td></tr>
249 <tr><td align="right">/dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right"><font color="Red">*</font>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right">1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right">983&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right">1006576&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right">6&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right">FAT16&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td width="99%"></td>
250 </tr>
251 </table>
252 <!--emty-line-->
253 <p style="margin-left: 0;"><br>If the partition is not active (no astrisk), execute:</p>
254 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">fdisk /dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font></p>
255 <p style="margin-left: 0;">and issue "Command: " <b>a</b> (toggle a bootable flag) and "Partition number:" <b><font color="Green">4</font></b> (for <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></b>).<br><br>
256 <!--emty-line-->
257 If you are on Windows, this is taken care of by syslinux (parameters -ma).<br><br>
258 <!--emty-line-->
259 If you still have problems booting, you should try to execute</p>
260 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">syslinux -s /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
261 <p style="margin-left: 0;">from Linux, or</p>
262 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">syslinux -sma <font color="Green">K:</font></p>
263 <p style="margin-left: 0;">from Windows (from folder <b><font color="Green">K:</font>syslinux</b>).<br><br>
264 <!--emty-line-->
265 syslinux man page reads:</p>
266 <!--emty-line-->
267 <p class="otherpage" style="margin-left: 0px;"><b>(Option) -s</b><br>
268 Install a "safe, slow and stupid" version of syslinux. This version may work <br>
269 on some very buggy BIOSes on which syslinux would otherwise fail. If you find <br>
270 a machine on which the -s option is required to make it boot reliably, please <br>
271 send as much info about your machine as you can, and include the failure mode.</p></li>
272 <!--emty-line-->
273 <li><p style="margin-left: 0;"><b>I still can't boot</b><br>
274 In this case you will have to format your USB disk.<br><br>
275 <!--emty-line-->
276 If you are using linux to perform the installation, execute the command:</p>
277 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">mkdosfs -F 16 /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
278 <p style="margin-left: 0;">to create a FAT16 file system, or</p>
279 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">mkdosfs -F 32 /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
280 <p style="margin-left: 0;">to create a FAT32 file system.<br><br>
281 <!--emty-line-->
282 When you are done go back to section "<a href="#linux">Installation from Linux</a>".<br><br>
283 <!--emty-line-->
284 If you are on Windows, you should download the <a href="http://h50178.www5.hp.com/local_drivers/17550/SP27608.exe" target="_blank">HP-USB Format tool</a>, install it and format your USB drive using the Fat or Fat32 option. This program can be used to format USB devices that won't boot properly when formatted with Windows format tool.<br><br>
285 <!--emty-line-->
286 When you are done go back to section "<a href="#windows">Installation from Windows</a>".</p></li>
287 <!--emty-line-->
288 <li><b>I still can't boot (after formating)</b><br>
289 Things are getting tough!!! Try to format your USB disk using the option you did not use previously. So, if you have created a FAT32 file system, create a FAT16 file system this time, and recreate <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> on USB.<br><br>
290 <!--emty-line-->
291 If nothing works, you are out of luck; you will not be able to use <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD USB</b> on this computer... If you do manage to boot it, please <a href="mailto:&#115;&#110;&#103;&#064;&#104;&#101;&#108;&#108;&#117;&#103;&#046;&#103;&#114;?subject=Success booting Clonezilla-SysRescCD v 3.1.0 USB">send me</a> a message.</li>
292 <!--emty-line-->
293 <li><b>SystemRescueCD does not boot</b><br>
294 Ok, you have managed to get to the splash screen and successfully booted <b>Clonezilla Live</b>. But you still can't boot <b>SystemRescueCD</b>.<br><br>
295 <!--emty-line-->
296 Refer to section <a href="#booting">Booting from USB</a> to find out the boot parameters you can use with <b>SystemRescueCD</b>.
297 </li>
298 </ul>
299
300
301 <!-- Customizing sysresc.cfg -->
302 <H3><a name="cfg"></a>Customizing sysresc.cfg <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
303 <p>As stated previously, <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD USB</b> is booted by <b>syslinux</b> through its configuration file <b>syslinux.cfg</b>. This file loads <b>sysresc.cfg</b> in order to boot <b>SystemRescueCD</b>.<br><br>
304 <!--emty-line-->
305 If you have to specify any additional boot parameters for <b>SystemRescueCD</b>, you may want to write these changes to the configuration file, so that you don't have to insert them by hand every time.<br><br>
306 <!--emty-line-->
307 The procedure to do that is the following:<br><br>
308 <!--emty-line-->
309 Boot <b>SystemRescueCD</b> (or if that's not possible yet, bot <b>Clonezilla Linux</b> and get to the command line) using the option <b>To RAM</b>, and when it is fully loaded, execute the following commands:</p>
310 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
311 mount /dev/<font color="Green">[device]</font> /mnt/usbdevice <br>
312 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
313 cp sysresc.cfg sysresc.bak<br>
314 sed 's|<font color="Red">scandelay=5</font>|<font color="Red">scandelay=<font color="Green">x</font> [additional params]</font>|' <br>
315 sysresc.cfg &gt; sys.cfg<br>
316 mv sys.cfg sysresc.cfg<br>
317 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">[device]</font><br>
318 syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">[device]</font><br>
319 reboot</p>
320 <!--emty-line-->
321 <p>where <b><font color="Green">x</font></b> is a number from 1 to 10.</p>
322 <!--emty-line-->
323 <p>After executing these commands, you will have a new <b>sysresc.cfg</b> file, and a backup file called <b>sysresc.bak</b> (in case things go wrong).<br><br>
324 <!--emty-line-->
325 If, for example, you want to increase the device scan delay to maximum, the above commands would become:</p>
326 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
327 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font> /mnt/usbdevice <br>
328 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
329 cp sysresc.cfg sysresc.bak<br>
330 sed 's|<font color="Red">scandelay=5</font>|<font color="Red">scandelay=<font color="Green">10</font></font>|' sysresc.cfg &gt; sys.cfg<br>
331 mv sys.cfg sysresc.cfg<br>
332 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
333 syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
334 reboot</p>
335 <!--emty-line-->
336 <p>If, in addition to that, you had to use the boot parameter <b><font color="Red">usbstick</font></b>, then it would be:</p>
337 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
338 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font> /mnt/usbdevice <br>
339 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
340 cp sysresc.cfg sysresc.bak<br>
341 sed 's|<font color="Red">scandelay=5</font>|<font color="Red">scandelay=<font color="Green">10</font> usbstick</font>|' sysresc.cfg &gt; sys.cfg<br>
342 mv sys.cfg sysresc.cfg<br>
343 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
344 syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
345 reboot</p>
346 <!--emty-line-->
347 <p>In case something goes wrong with your new settings, you can always rename <b>sysresc.bak</b> to <b>sysresc.cfg</b>, either from linux or Windows.</p>
348
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358 <p>Copyright: &#169; <a href="mailto:&#115;&#110;&#103;&#064;&#104;&#101;&#108;&#108;&#117;&#103;&#046;&#103;&#114;?subject=About Clonezilla-SysRescCD v 3.1.0">Spiros Georgaras</a>, 2007-2010<br /><br/>
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