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76 <div id="header">
77 <H2>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</H2>
78 <H3>Offline Documentation: Installing on USB</H3>
79 <div style="margin:0; padding: 3px; width: 980; position relative;">
80 <div style="position: absolute; left: 0px;"><H4>25/05/2010 - v 3.1.0</H4></div>
81 <div style="position: absolute; right: 0px;"><H4>Last update: 18/06/2010</H4></div>
82 </div>
83 </div>
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85
86
87 <!-- <a href="features.html">Features</a>-->
88 <a class="here" href="../README.html">Offline Documentation</a>
89
90
91
92
93
94 <!-- docline-top-->
95 <div id="docline-top"> <a href="">&lt; PREV</a> <a href="../README.html">UP</a> <a href="boot-params.html">NEXT &gt;</a> </div>
96 </div>
97 <div id="contarea">
98 <div id="content">
99 <a name="usb-top"></a>
100
101
102 <!-- Intro -->
103
104 <H2 style="margin-top: 0;"><a name="usb-intro"></a>Installation to USB made easy <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
105 <p>Until recently installing <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> on a USB disk would not be such a great idea, because of its size. But since USB devices become cheaper and cheaper, it is an interesting alternative.<br><br>
106 <!--emty-line-->
107 Starting with <b>version 3.1.0</b>, <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> provides an iso file that's ISO-Hybrided. This means (as we read at <a href="http://syslinux.zytor.com/wiki/index.php/Doc/isolinux#HYBRID_CD-ROM.2FHARD_DISK_MODE" target="_blank">the isolynux site</a>) that</p>
108 <!--emty-line-->
109 <p class="otherpage">"the iso file can be booted from either CD-ROM or from a device which BIOS considers a hard disk or ZIP disk, e.g. a USB key or similar. This image can then be copied using any raw disk writing tool (on Unix systems, typically "dd" or "cat") to a USB disk, or written to a CD-ROM using standard CD burning tools.<br>
110 <br>
111 The ISO 9660 filesystem is encapsulated in a partition (which starts at offset zero, which may confuse some systems.) This makes it possible for the operating system, once booted, to use the remainder of the device for persistent storage by creating a second partition."</p>
112
113 <!--emty-line-->
114 <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/important.png"></td><td>
115 Incorrect use of any raw disk writing tool could cause your<br> operating system (GNU/Linux / Windows) <b>not to boot</b>.<br><br> Confirm the command before you run it.<br></td></tr></table></div>
116
117 <p>So, from any linux box, assuming <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> iso file is in your home directory, and your USB device name is <b><font color="Green">sdc4</font></b>, you just execute the commands:</p>
118
119 <p class="newcode">umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
120 dd if=~/clonezilla-sysresccd-full-mod-3.1.0.iso of=/dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font> bs=512</p>
121
122 <p>And that's it. Your usb device is ready to boot!!!</p>
123
124
125 <H3><a name="usb-free-space"></a>Using the extra space <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
126
127 <p>
128 If your usb device is more than 400MB in size, the above command will leave the remaining space unused. To verify it, execute the command:
129 </p>
130 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">fdisk -l /dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font></p>
131
132 <p style="margin-left: 0;">You should get something similar to this:</p>
133 <!--emty-line-->
134
135 <p class="newcode">
136 Disk /dev/sdc: 1048 MB, 1048576000 bytes<br>
137 64 heads, 32 sectors/track, 1000 cylinders, total 2048000 sectors<br>
138 Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes<br>
139 Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes<br>
140 I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes<br>
141 Disk identifier: 0x77a5188f<br>
142 <br>
143 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Device&nbsp;Boot&nbsp;&nbsp;Start&nbsp;&nbsp;End&nbsp;&nbsp;Blocks&nbsp;&nbsp;Id&nbsp;&nbsp;System
144 /dev/sdc1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;1&nbsp;&nbsp;384&nbsp;&nbsp;393216&nbsp;&nbsp;17&nbsp;&nbsp;Hidden&nbsp;HPFS/NTFS
145 </p>
146 <p>
147 As you can see, we are currently using 348 out of 1000 cylinders of the disk. The remaining disk space (~600MB) can still be used, executing the following commands (user input is displayed in <font color="magenta">magenta</font>, comments are in <font color="#990000">brown</font>):
148 </p>
149
150 <p class="newcode">
151 fdisk /dev/<font color="green">sdc</font><br>
152 command (m for help): <font color="magenta">n</font> <font color="#990000">(create new partition)</font><br>
153 command action<br>
154 e extended<br>
155 p primary partition (1-4)<br>
156 <font color="magenta">p</font><br>
157 partition number (1-4): <font color="magenta">4</font> <font color="#990000">(create partition sdc4)</font><br>
158 first cylinder (385-1000, default 385): <br>
159 using default value 385<br>
160 last cylinder, +cylinders or +size{k,m,g} (385-1000, default 1000): <br>
161 using default value 1000<br>
162 <br>
163 command (m for help): <font color="magenta">p</font> <font color="#990000">(display partition table)</font><br>
164 <br>
165 disk /dev/sdc: 1048 mb, 1048576000 bytes<br>
166 64 heads, 32 sectors/track, 1000 cylinders<br>
167 units = cylinders of 2048 * 512 = 1048576 bytes<br>
168 sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes<br>
169 i/o size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes<br>
170 disk identifier: 0x77a5188f<br>
171 <br>
172 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;device&nbsp;boot&nbsp;&nbsp;start&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;end&nbsp;&nbsp;blocks&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;id&nbsp;&nbsp;system<br>
173 /dev/sdc1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;384&nbsp;&nbsp;393216&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;17&nbsp;&nbsp;hidden&nbsp;hpfs/ntfs<br>
174 /dev/sdc4&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;385&nbsp;&nbsp;1000&nbsp;&nbsp;630784&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;83&nbsp;&nbsp;linux<br>
175 <br>
176 <br>
177 command (m for help): <font color="magenta">t</font> <font color="#990000">(change partition type)</font><br>
178 partition number (1-4): <font color="magenta">4</font><br>
179 hex code (type l to list codes): <font color="magenta">b</font><br>
180 changed system type of partition 4 to b (w95 fat32)<br>
181 <br>
182 command (m for help): <font color="magenta">p</font> <font color="#990000">(display partition table)</font><br>
183 <br>
184 disk /dev/sdc: 1048 mb, 1048576000 bytes<br>
185 64 heads, 32 sectors/track, 1000 cylinders<br>
186 units = cylinders of 2048 * 512 = 1048576 bytes<br>
187 sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes<br>
188 i/o size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes<br>
189 disk identifier: 0x77a5188f<br>
190 <br>
191 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;device&nbsp;boot&nbsp;&nbsp;start&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;end&nbsp;&nbsp;blocks&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;id&nbsp;&nbsp;system<br>
192 /dev/sdc1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;384&nbsp;&nbsp;393216&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;17&nbsp;&nbsp;hidden&nbsp;hpfs/ntfs<br>
193 /dev/sdc4&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;385&nbsp;&nbsp;1000&nbsp;&nbsp;630784&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;b&nbsp;&nbsp;w95&nbsp;fat32<br>
194 <br>
195 command (m for help): <font color="magenta">w</font> <font color="#990000">(write partition table to disk and exit)</font><br>
196 The partition table has been altered!<br>
197 <br>
198 Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.<br>
199 <br>
200 WARNING: Re-reading the partition table failed with error 16: Device or resource busy.<br>
201 The kernel still uses the old table. The new table will be used at<br>
202 the next reboot or after you run partprobe(8) or kpartx(8)<br>
203 Syncing disks.
204 </p>
205 <!--emty-line-->
206 <p>
207 At this point you should disconnect and reconnect your usb device. When it's recognised, you can format the partition you've just created
208 </p>
209 <!--emty-line-->
210 <p class="newcode">
211 mkdosfs -F 32 /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font>
212 </p>
213 <!--emty-line-->
214 <p>
215 The partition is now ready for use!!!
216 </p>
217 <!--emty-line-->
218 <H2><a name="usb-hard"></a>Installing the "hard" way <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
219 <!--emty-line-->
220 <p>If the "easy" way does not work there is an alternative; you will use the <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> ISO file (or CD) to copy and modify a couple of files on the USB disk, and finally make it bootable, using <a href="http://syslinux.zytor.com" target="_blank">syslinux</a> and its configuration file <b>syslinux.cfg</b>.</p>
221 <!--emty-line-->
222 <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/important.png"></td><td>
223 Incorrect use of syslinux could cause your operating system<br> (GNU/Linux / Windows) <b>not to boot</b>.<br><br> Confirm the command before you run it.<br></td></tr></table></div>
224 <!--emty-line-->
225 <p>The only thing that's important is that your USB disk must contain a VFAT (Windows 98 or DOS) file system. If this is not the case, refer to the section "<a href="#trouble">Troubleshooting</a>", to find out how you can format it, before copying files to it.<br><br>
226 <!--emty-line-->
227 The bootable USB disk creation procedure can be performed either from Linux or Windows.</p>
228 <!-- note -->
229 <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/info.png"></td><td>
230 If you want to create a bootable USB flash drive for this version<br>
231 or later, remember to use the syslinux command from <b>syslinux<br>
232 3.71 or later</b>. Otherwise the boot menu won't work.</td></tr></table></div>
233 <!-- Installation from Linux -->
234 <H3><a name="linux"></a>Installation from Linux <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
235 <p>There are two ways you can proceed, if you are going to use Linux to perform the USB installation, either using a running linux box, or using <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b>.<br><br>
236 <!--emty-line-->
237 I will assume that you have saved <b>clonezilla-sysresccd-full-mod-3.1.0.iso</b> in your home directory (<b><font color="Green">~</font></b>).</p>
238 <!--emty-line-->
239 <H3><a name="lin-box"></a>Using a linux box [<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
240 <p>If you already have a linux box up and running, you can use it to create your <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> USB, without even having to burn it to CD beforehand. The only thing here is that you have to have <a href="http://syslinux.zytor.com" target="_blank">syslinux</a> installed.<br><br>
241 <!--emty-line-->
242 I will assume that your CD drive is <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sr0</font></b> and that your USB device is <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></b>. You may have to change any of them to reflect your system configuration.<br><br>
243 <!--emty-line-->
244 Boot into linux, connect your USB device and execute the following commands:</p>
245 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/mycd<br>
246 mount <font color="Green">~</font>/clonezilla-sysresccd-full-mod-3.1.0.iso /mnt/mycd -o loop<br>
247 mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
248 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font> /mnt/usbdevice<br>
249 cp -r /mnt/mycd/* /mnt/usbdevice<br>
250 umount /mnt/mycd; rmdir /mnt/mycd<br>
251 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
252 rm isolinux/*.cfg<br>
253 mv isolinux/* .<br>
254 rmdir isolinux<br>
255 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
256 rmdir /mnt/usbdevice</p>
257 <!--emty-line-->
258 <p>Finally make your USB device bootable, by executing</p>
259 <p class="newcode">syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
260 <p>and you are done.</p>
261 <!--emty-line-->
262 <H4><a name="lin-sys"></a>Using Clonezilla-SysRescCD [<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H4>
263 <p>If you already burnt <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> to CD, you can use it to create your <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> USB.<br><br>
264 <!--emty-line-->
265 I will assume that your CD drive is <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sr0</font></b> and that your USB device is <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></b>. You may have to change any of them to reflect your system configuration.<br><br>
266 <!--emty-line-->
267 Boot <b>SystemRescueCD </b> using the option <b>To RAM</b>, and when it is fully loaded, execute the following commands:</p>
268 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/mycd<br>
269 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sr0</font> /mnt/mycd <br>
270 mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
271 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font> /mnt/usbdevice<br>
272 cp -r /mnt/mycd/* /mnt/usbdevice<br>
273 umount /mnt/mycd<br>
274 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
275 rm isolinux/*.cfg<br>
276 mv isolinux/* .<br>
277 rmdir isolinux<br>
278 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
279 <!--emty-line-->
280 <p>Finally make your USB device bootable, by executing</p>
281 <p class="newcode">syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
282 <p>and you are done.</p>
283
284
285 <!-- Installation from Windows -->
286 <H3><a name="windows"></a>Installation from Windows <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
287 <p>Installing <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> from Windows is as easy as it is in Linux. You have to burn <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> to CD or use a CD/DVD ROM emulator software like <a href="http://www.daemon-tools.cc/dtcc/announcements.php" target="_blank">Daemon Tools</a> to mount the ISO file.<br><br>
288 <!--emty-line-->
289 I will assume that your USB device is drive <b><font color="Green">K:</font></b> and your CD drive or mounted ISO file is drive
290 <b><font color="Green">D:</font></b>. You may have to change any of them, in order to reflect your system configuration.<br><br>
291
292 You will have to</p>
293
294 <ul>
295 <li>Copy all files from drive <b><font color="Green">D:</font></b> (CD or mounted ISO file) to drive <b><font color="Green">K:</font></b> (USB disk)</li>
296 <li>Delete <b><u>all</u> cfg</b> files from <b><font color="Green">K:</font>isolinux</b></li>
297 <li>Move all files from <b><font color="Green">K:</font>isolinux</b> to <b><font color="Green">K:</font></b></li>
298 <li>Delete folder <b><font color="Green">K:</font>isolinux</b> </li>
299 </ul>
300 <p>Now all you have to do is make your USB disk bootable. In order to do that you have to open a DOS window (in Windows XP press "<b>Start / Run </b>" and type <b>cmd</b>). Then type at DOS prompt:</p>
301 <p class="newcode"><font color="Green">K:</font><br>
302 cd bootprog<br>
303 syslinux -ma <font color="Green">K:</font></p>
304
305 <!-- Booting from USB -->
306 <H3><a name="booting"></a>Booting from USB <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
307 <p>Before trying to boot from your USB device, you have to set your boot device at your BIOS. This means you have to reboot having your USB device connected, get into your BIOS (usually pressing DEL) and make the appropriate settings in the BOOT section.<br><br>
308 <!--emty-line-->
309 Booting <b>Clonezilla Live</b> should not be a problem. Just select the desired option and press ENTER to boot.<br><br>
310 <!--emty-line-->
311 Booting <b>SystemRescueCD</b> has been made equally simple with <b>SystemRescueCD v 1.0.0</b>, so you shouldn't have any problem (option <b>cdroot</b> is not required any more).<br><br>
312 <!--emty-line-->
313 If you have any problems here, you may try adding any of these boot parameters:</p>
314 <p class="newcode">usbstick<br>
315 doscsi</p>
316
317
318
319
320 <!-- Troubleshooting -->
321 <H3><a name="trouble"></a>Troubleshooting <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
322 <p>Whether you can successfully boot from a USB disk or not, depends mainly on your BIOS. Chances are that you will not be able to boot on an old computer, with an old (and possibly buggy) BIOS. So I would recommend testing your <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD USB</b> on a new computer.</p>
323 <ul>
324 <li><p style="margin-left: 0;"><b>I can't boot (I don't even see the splash screen)</b><br>
325 or <b>Clonezilla Live does not boot</b><br>
326 <!--emty-line-->
327 The first thing you should do is double check your BIOS settings. Reboot having your USB device connected, get into your BIOS (usually pressing DEL) and make the appropriate settings in the BOOT section.<br><br>
328 <!--emty-line-->
329 If you are on linux, check that the partition on the USB disk is active (bootable), executing:</p>
330 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">fdisk -l /dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font></p>
331 <p style="margin-left: 0;">You should get something similar to this:</p>
332 <!--emty-line-->
333
334 <p class="newcode">
335 Disk /dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font>: 1031 MB, 1031798272 bytes<br>
336 64 heads, 32 sectors/track, 983 cylinders<br>
337 Units = cylinders of 2048 * 512 = 1048576 bytes<br>
338 <br>
339 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Device&nbsp;&nbsp;<font color="Red">Boot</font>&nbsp;&nbsp;Start&nbsp;&nbsp;End&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Blocks&nbsp;&nbsp;Id&nbsp;&nbsp;System<br>
340 /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<font color="Red">*</font>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;1&nbsp;&nbsp;983&nbsp;&nbsp;1006576&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;6&nbsp;&nbsp;FAT16<br>
341 </p>
342 <!--emty-line-->
343 <p style="margin-left: 0;"><br>If the partition is not active (no astrisk), execute:</p>
344 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">fdisk /dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font></p>
345 <p style="margin-left: 0;">and issue "Command: " <b>a</b> (toggle a bootable flag) and "Partition number:" <b><font color="Green">4</font></b> (for <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></b>).<br><br>
346 <!--emty-line-->
347 If you are on Windows, this is taken care of by syslinux (parameters -ma).<br><br>
348 <!--emty-line-->
349 If you still have problems booting, you should try to execute</p>
350 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">syslinux -s /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
351 <p style="margin-left: 0;">from Linux, or</p>
352 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">syslinux -sma <font color="Green">K:</font></p>
353 <p style="margin-left: 0;">from Windows (from folder <b><font color="Green">K:</font>syslinux</b>).<br><br>
354 <!--emty-line-->
355 syslinux man page reads:</p>
356 <!--emty-line-->
357 <p class="otherpage" style="margin-left: 0px;"><b>(Option) -s</b><br>
358 Install a "safe, slow and stupid" version of syslinux. This version may work <br>
359 on some very buggy BIOSes on which syslinux would otherwise fail. If you find <br>
360 a machine on which the -s option is required to make it boot reliably, please <br>
361 send as much info about your machine as you can, and include the failure mode.</p></li>
362 <!--emty-line-->
363 <li><p style="margin-left: 0;"><b>I still can't boot</b><br>
364 In this case you will have to format your USB disk.<br><br>
365 <!--emty-line-->
366 If you are using linux to perform the installation, execute the command:</p>
367 <!--emty-line-->
368 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">mkdosfs -F 16 /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
369 <!--emty-line-->
370 <p style="margin-left: 0;">to create a FAT16 file system, or</p>
371 <!--emty-line-->
372 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">mkdosfs -F 32 /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
373 <!--emty-line-->
374 <p style="margin-left: 0;">to create a FAT32 file system.<br><br>
375 <!--emty-line-->
376 When you are done go back to section "<a href="#linux">Installation from Linux</a>".<br><br>
377 <!--emty-line-->
378 If you are on Windows, you should download the <a href="http://h50178.www5.hp.com/local_drivers/17550/SP27608.exe" target="_blank">HP-USB Format tool</a>, install it and format your USB drive using the Fat or Fat32 option. This program can be used to format USB devices that won't boot properly when formatted with Windows format tool.<br><br>
379 <!--emty-line-->
380 When you are done go back to section "<a href="#windows">Installation from Windows</a>".</p></li>
381 <!--emty-line-->
382 <li><b>I still can't boot (after formating)</b><br>
383 Things are getting tough!!! Try to format your USB disk using the option you did not use previously. So, if you have created a FAT32 file system, create a FAT16 file system this time, and recreate <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> on USB.<br><br>
384 <!--emty-line-->
385 If nothing works, you are out of luck; you will not be able to use <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD USB</b> on this computer... If you do manage to boot it, please <a href="mailto:&#115;&#110;&#103;&#064;&#104;&#101;&#108;&#108;&#117;&#103;&#046;&#103;&#114;?subject=Success booting Clonezilla-SysRescCD v 3.1.0 USB">send me</a> a message.</li>
386 <!--emty-line-->
387 <li><b>SystemRescueCD does not boot</b><br>
388 Ok, you have managed to get to the splash screen and successfully booted <b>Clonezilla Live</b>. But you still can't boot <b>SystemRescueCD</b>.<br><br>
389 <!--emty-line-->
390 Refer to section <a href="#booting">Booting from USB</a> to find out the boot parameters you can use with <b>SystemRescueCD</b>.
391 </li>
392 </ul>
393
394
395 <!-- Customizing sysresc.cfg -->
396 <H3><a name="cfg"></a>Customizing sysresc.cfg <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
397 <p>As stated previously, <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD USB</b> is booted by <b>syslinux</b> through its configuration file <b>syslinux.cfg</b>. This file loads <b>sysresc.cfg</b> in order to boot <b>SystemRescueCD</b>.<br><br>
398 <!--emty-line-->
399 If you have to specify any additional boot parameters for <b>SystemRescueCD</b>, you may want to write these changes to the configuration file, so that you don't have to insert them by hand every time.<br><br>
400 <!--emty-line-->
401 The procedure to do that is the following:<br><br>
402 <!--emty-line-->
403 Boot <b>SystemRescueCD</b> (or if that's not possible yet, bot <b>Clonezilla Linux</b> and get to the command line) using the option <b>To RAM</b>, and when it is fully loaded, execute the following commands:</p>
404 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
405 mount /dev/<font color="Green">[device]</font> /mnt/usbdevice <br>
406 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
407 cp sysresc.cfg sysresc.bak<br>
408 sed 's|<font color="Red">scandelay=5</font>|<font color="Red">scandelay=<font color="Green">x</font> [additional params]</font>|' <br>
409 sysresc.cfg &gt; sys.cfg<br>
410 mv sys.cfg sysresc.cfg<br>
411 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">[device]</font><br>
412 syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">[device]</font><br>
413 reboot</p>
414 <!--emty-line-->
415 <p>where <b><font color="Green">x</font></b> is a number from 1 to 10.</p>
416 <!--emty-line-->
417 <p>After executing these commands, you will have a new <b>sysresc.cfg</b> file, and a backup file called <b>sysresc.bak</b> (in case things go wrong).<br><br>
418 <!--emty-line-->
419 If, for example, you want to increase the device scan delay to maximum, the above commands would become:</p>
420 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
421 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font> /mnt/usbdevice <br>
422 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
423 cp sysresc.cfg sysresc.bak<br>
424 sed 's|<font color="Red">scandelay=5</font>|<font color="Red">scandelay=<font color="Green">10</font></font>|' sysresc.cfg &gt; sys.cfg<br>
425 mv sys.cfg sysresc.cfg<br>
426 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
427 syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
428 reboot</p>
429 <!--emty-line-->
430 <p>If, in addition to that, you had to use the boot parameter <b><font color="Red">usbstick</font></b>, then it would be:</p>
431 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
432 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font> /mnt/usbdevice <br>
433 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
434 cp sysresc.cfg sysresc.bak<br>
435 sed 's|<font color="Red">scandelay=5</font>|<font color="Red">scandelay=<font color="Green">10</font> usbstick</font>|' sysresc.cfg &gt; sys.cfg<br>
436 mv sys.cfg sysresc.cfg<br>
437 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
438 syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
439 reboot</p>
440 <!--emty-line-->
441 <p>In case something goes wrong with your new settings, you can always rename <b>sysresc.bak</b> to <b>sysresc.cfg</b>, either from linux or Windows.</p>
442
443
444 </div>
445
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452 <p>Copyright: &#169; <a href="mailto:&#115;&#110;&#103;&#064;&#104;&#101;&#108;&#108;&#117;&#103;&#046;&#103;&#114;?subject=About Clonezilla-SysRescCD v 3.1.0">Spiros Georgaras</a>, 2007-2010<br /><br/>
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