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Revision 37 - (show annotations)
Tue Mar 23 10:28:53 2010 UTC (11 years, 8 months ago) by sng
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Changed onepage.php to onepage.html
  2site: adding creation of onepage.html
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  usb.html: fixing H2 tags
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Site update

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Exception: the first H2 tag of the page should have a
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72 <H2>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</H2>
73 <H3>Wellcome</H3>
74 <div style="margin:0; padding: 3px; width: 980; position relative;">
75 <div style="position: absolute; left: 0px;"><H4>25/02/2010 - v 3.1.0</H4></div>
76 <div style="position: absolute; right: 0px;"><H4>Last update: 23/03/2010</H4></div>
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94 <div id="content">
95 <a name="index-top"></a>
96 <H2 style="margin-top: 0; font-size: 2em;"><a name="index-what"></a>What is it all about? <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#index-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2> <p><b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> is a Linux multi boot backup/restore and rescue CD, combining <a href="http://www.clonezilla.org/" target="_blank">Clonezilla Live</a> and <a href="http://www.sysresccd.org/Main_Page" target="_blank">System Rescue CD</a> in one CD. It is released under the <b>GNU General Public License (GPL)</b>.</p>
97 <p>Why one more Linux live CD? you might ask<br><br>
98 Well, I started this project because I wanted to have a rescue CD that would be as self-contained as possible, using my favorite tools. My goals are to have:</p>
99 <ul>
100 <li><b>A backup/restore system</b><br>I have chosen <a href="http://www.clonezilla.org/" target="_blank">Clonezilla Live</a> for this, as it is flexible enough to fulfill my needs. Furthermore, it makes it possible to create automated restore CDs/DVDs. This way, restoring a system will be fast and easy enough for anyone to perform (even people with minimum technical knowledge).</li>
101 <li><b>A rescue system</b><br>I have chosen <a href="http://www.sysresccd.org/Main_Page" target="_blank">SystemRescueCD</a> for this, as it is generally highly appreciated.<br>
102 <br>
103 <b>SystemRescueCD</b> is a live CD with a GUI, based on <a href="http://www.gentoo.org/" target ="_blank">gentoo</a>, which provides tools like <a href="http://gparted.sourceforge.net/" target ="_blank">GParted</a>, the graphical partition tool, <a href="http://www.gnu.org/software/parted/index.shtml" target ="_blank">GNU-Parted</a>, an excellent text based partitioning tool, <a href="http://www.cgsecurity.org/wiki/TestDisk" target ="_blank">TestDisk</a>, a data recovery tool, <a href="http://www.clamav.net/" target ="_blank">Clam-AntiVirus</a>, a free Anti-Virus sofware, <a href="http://www.partimage.org/Main_Page" target ="_blank">Partimage</a>, <a href="http://www.python.org" target ="_blank">Python</a>, <a href="http://www.perl.org" target ="_blank">Perl</a>, file system, networking and archiving tools, editors etc.
104 </li>
105 <li><b>Both of them in just one disk</b><br>The only way to do this was to create a Multi Boot CD.</li>
106 </ul>
107 <H2><a name="enhanced"></a>Enhanced features <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#index-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2> <p>Enhancements to <b>Clonezilla Live</b></p> <ul> <li><a class="void" href="restore.html#auto">Automated restore DVDs</a> can be easily created, so that anybody can perform a system restore operation (even people with minimum technical knowledge). All the necessary files for the creation of the DVD are included in <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b>.</li> <li>A set of <a class="void" href="reloc-img.html">shell scripts</a> make it easier to restore an image file to a location (disk or partition) different than the one originally backed up.</li> </ul> <p>Other enhancements</p> <ul> <li>Part of <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD's</b> web site is included <a class="void" href="help.html">in the CD</a>, so that help is always available.</li> </ul>
108
109 <H2><a name="versions"></a>Versions <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#index-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
110 <!--<p><b>create-clonezilla-sysresccd's</b> version number has nothing to do with its development status. It has to do with the versions of the original ISO/CDs used at release time. So this is what we have for release:</p>
111 <table style="margin-right:20pt;margin-left: 10pt">
112 <tr>
113 <td valign="top" align="right"><font color="Blue">0.1</font></td>
114 <td width="10"></td>
115 <td> first release of the program</td>
116 </tr>
117 <tr>
118 <td valign="top" align="right"><font color="Blue">0.1</font><font color="Red">.1</font></td>
119 <td width="10"></td>
120 <td> first maintenance release of version 0.1<br> It uses the original ISO files used in release 0.1</td>
121 </tr>
122 <tr><td align="right">...</td></tr>
123 <tr>
124 <td valign="top" align="right"><font color="Blue">0.2</font></td>
125 <td width="10"></td>
126 <td>A new version of one of the original ISO files has been released<br>The program may have not been changed</td>
127 </tr>
128 </table>
129 <p></p>-->
130 <table class="bordertable" cellpadding="5">
131 <tr><td class="bordertable" colspan="4"><b>Release table</b></td></tr>
132 <tr><td class="bordertable" valign="top"><b>Date</b></td><td class="bordertable" valign="top"><b>Version</b></td>
133 <td class="bordertable" valign="top"><b>Clonezilla Live Version</b></td><td class="bordertable" valign="top"><b>SystemRescueCD Version</b></td></tr>
134 <tr><td class="bordertable" >25/02/10</td><td class="bordertable" >3.1.0</td><td class="bordertable" >1.2.3-27&nbsp;(mod)</td><td class="bordertable" >1.4.0&nbsp;(mod)</td>
135 </tr>
136 <tr><td class="bordertable" >02/07/08</td><td class="bordertable" >2.6.0</td><td class="bordertable" >1.1.0-8&nbsp;(mod)</td><td class="bordertable" >1.0.4&nbsp;(mod)</td>
137 </tr>
138 <tr><td class="bordertable" >11/04/08</td><td class="bordertable" >2.5.0</td><td class="bordertable" >1.0.10-8&nbsp;(mod)</td><td class="bordertable" >1.0.1&nbsp;(mod)</td>
139 <tr><td class="bordertable" >24/03/08</td><td class="bordertable" >2.4.0</td><td class="bordertable" >1.0.9-19&nbsp;(mod)</td><td class="bordertable" >1.0.0&nbsp;(mod)</td>
140 </tr>
141 <tr><td class="bordertable" >07/03/08</td><td class="bordertable" >2.3.0</td><td class="bordertable" >1.0.9-10&nbsp;(mod)</td><td class="bordertable" >1.0.0&nbsp;(mod)</td>
142 </tr>
143 <tr><td class="bordertable" >22/02/08</td><td class="bordertable" >2.2.0</td><td class="bordertable" >1.0.9-10&nbsp;(mod)</td><td class="bordertable" >0.4.3&nbsp;(mod)</td>
144 </tr>
145 <tr><td class="bordertable" >22/01/08</td><td class="bordertable" >2.1.0</td><td class="bordertable" >1.0.7-18&nbsp;(mod)</td><td class="bordertable" >0.4.3&nbsp;(mod)</td>
146 </tr>
147 <tr><td class="bordertable" >11/12/07</td><td class="bordertable" >1.4.0</td><td class="bordertable" >1.0.7-18&nbsp;(mod)</td><td class="bordertable" >0.4.2&nbsp;(mod)</td>
148 </tr>
149 <tr><td class="bordertable" >03/11/07</td><td class="bordertable" >1.3.0</td><td class="bordertable" >1.0.5-8&nbsp;(mod)</td><td class="bordertable" >0.4.1&nbsp;(mod)</td>
150 </tr>
151 <tr><td class="bordertable" >07/10/07</td><td class="bordertable" >1.2.0</td><td class="bordertable" >1.0.5-8&nbsp;(mod)</td><td class="bordertable" >0.4.0&nbsp;(mod)</td>
152 </tr>
153 <tr><td class="bordertable" >24/09/07</td><td class="bordertable" >1.1.0</td><td class="bordertable" >1.0.5-7&nbsp;(mod)</td><td class="bordertable" >0.3.8&nbsp;(mod)</td>
154 </tr>
155 <tr><td class="bordertable" >06/09/07</td><td class="bordertable" >1.0.0</td><td class="bordertable" >1.0.3-21&nbsp;(mod)</td><td class="bordertable" >0.3.8&nbsp;(mod)</td>
156 </tr>
157 <tr><td class="bordertable" >12/08/07</td><td class="bordertable" >0.2</td><td class="bordertable" >1.0.3-21&nbsp;(mod)</td><td class="bordertable" >0.3.7&nbsp;(mod)</td></tr>
158 <tr><td class="bordertable" >24/07/07</td><td class="bordertable" >0.1.1</td><td class="bordertable" >1.0.3-18</td><td class="bordertable" >0.3.7</td>
159 <tr><td class="bordertable" >23/07/07</td><td class="bordertable" >0.1</td><td class="bordertable" >1.0.3-18</td><td class="bordertable" >0.3.7</td></tr>
160 </table>
161 <H2><a name="changelog"></a>Changelog <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#index-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
162 <table class="bordertable" cellpadding="5">
163 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10"><b>Version</b></td><td class="bordertable" width="10"><b>Package/CD</b></td><td class="bordertable"><b>Comments</b></td></tr>
164 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top"><a name="3.1.0"></a>3.1.0</td><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">CD</td><td class="bordertable">
165 -&nbsp;<b>Clonezilla Live</b> updated to version 1.2.3-27<br>
166 -&nbsp;<b>SystemRescueCD</b> updated to version 1.4.0<br>
167 -&nbsp;<b>Super Grub Disk</b> updated to version 0.9799<br>
168 -&nbsp;Added <b>Super Grub Disk 2</b> version 1.30<br>
169 -&nbsp;Most operations are now executed through the TUI (Text User Interface)<br>
170 -&nbsp;Major site / documentation update (thanks to Jyrki Vesterinen)
171 </td></tr>
172 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top"><a name="2.6.0"></a>2.6.0</td><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">CD</td><td class="bordertable">
173 -&nbsp;<b>Clonezilla Live</b> updated to version 1.1.0-8<br>
174 -&nbsp;<b>SystemRescueCD</b> updated to version 1.0.4<br>
175 -&nbsp;<b>Super Grub Disk</b> updated to version 0.9726
176 </td></tr>
177 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top"><a name="2.5.0"></a>2.5.0</td><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">CD</td><td class="bordertable">
178 -&nbsp;<b>Clonezilla Live</b> updated to version 1.0.10-8<br>
179 -&nbsp;<b>SystemRescueCD</b> updated to version 1.0.1<br>
180 -&nbsp;<b>Super Grub Disk</b> updated to version 0.9701
181 </td></tr>
182 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top"><a name="2.4.0"></a>2.4.0</td><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">CD</td><td class="bordertable">
183 -&nbsp;<b>Clonezilla Live</b> updated to version 1.0.9-19<br>
184 </td></tr>
185 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top"><a name="2.3.0"></a>2.3.0</td><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">CD</td><td class="bordertable">
186 -&nbsp;<b>SystemRescueCD</b> updated to version 1.0.0<br>
187 -&nbsp;Added two command line parameters to <b>ocs-iso</b>, used in auto restore DVD<br>
188 &nbsp;&nbsp;mastering. More info: <a href="restore.html#usbKeyboard">Working with a USB keyboard</a>
189 </td></tr>
190 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top"></td><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">Package</td><td class="bordertable">
191 -&nbsp;Fixed the <b>create-clonezilla-sysresccd</b> installation problem<br>
192 &nbsp;&nbsp;Thanks to Chris Rehder</td></tr>
193 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top"><a name="2.2.0"></a>2.2.0</td><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">CD</td><td class="bordertable">
194 -&nbsp;<b>Clonezilla Live</b> updated to version 1.0.9-10<br>
195 -&nbsp;Updated script <b>reloc-img</b> to support remote images (through samba and nfs)
196 </td></tr>
197 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top"></td><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">Package</td><td class="bordertable">
198 -&nbsp;Added <b>patch-clonezilla-sysresccd</b>, a script that can be used to<br>
199 &nbsp;&nbsp;customize an existing <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> ISO file<br>
200 &nbsp;&nbsp;More info: <a href="custom-cd.html#custom-patch">Using patch-clonezilla-sysresccd</a></td></tr>
201 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top"><a name="2.1.0"></a>2.1.0</td><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">CD</td><td class="bordertable">
202 -&nbsp;<b>SystemRescueCD</b> updated to version 0.4.3<br>
203 -&nbsp;<b>Super Grub Disk</b> updated to version 0.9677
204 </td></tr>
205 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top"><a name="1.4.0"></a>1.4.0</td><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">CD</td><td class="bordertable">
206 -&nbsp;A script to help relocate a Clonezilla image file during restoration<br>
207 &nbsp;&nbsp;hase been added to Clonezilla Live. The script (called <b>reloc-img</b>) uses<br>
208 &nbsp;&nbsp;a curses like interface, which is similar to Clonezilla's interface<br>
209 <br>
210 More info: <a href="reloc-img.html">Restoring to a different location</a>
211 </td></tr>
212 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top"><a name="1.3.0"></a>1.3.0</td><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">CD</td><td class="bordertable">
213 -&nbsp;Changed the splash screen tool selection interface<br>
214 &nbsp;&nbsp;A navigation menu scheme has been adopted<br>
215 -&nbsp;Removed <b>ranish.img</b> from the CD<br>
216 &nbsp;&nbsp;The <a href="http://www.ranish.com/part/" target="_blank">Ranish Partition Manager</a> has been integrated into <a href="http://www.freedos.org/" target="_blank">FreeDos</a><br>
217 &nbsp;&nbsp;This is because of the fact that Ranish Partition Manager would not<br>
218 &nbsp;&nbsp;execute as a standalone floppy image<br>
219 -&nbsp;Added <a href="http://www.supergrubdisk.org/" target="_blank">Super Grub Disk</a> to the available tools<br>
220 &nbsp;&nbsp;The floppy image provided by "Super Grub Disk" (english version) <br>
221 &nbsp;&nbsp;has been added to the source tarball<br>
222 -&nbsp;Script <b>continue-multi-cd</b> (SysRescCD) updated to v 2.0.0<br>
223 &nbsp;&nbsp;Use "continue-multi-cd -h" to see the new interface<br>
224 -&nbsp;Fixed a minor bug in script <b>what-cd</b>
225 </td></tr>
226 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top"></td><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">Package</td><td class="bordertable">
227 -&nbsp;All the files needed for CD creation have been included in the<br>
228 &nbsp;&nbsp;source tarball. This way the user will only have to download the<br>
229 &nbsp;&nbsp;debian live ISO file, in order to create Clonezilla-SysRescCD.<br>
230 &nbsp;&nbsp;The debian live ISO file has not been included because of its size<br>
231 &nbsp;&nbsp;(~ 79 MB), which would make the source tarball too big.<br>
232 &nbsp;&nbsp;The files can be fount in <b>/root/.clonezilla-sysresccd/files</b><br>
233 -&nbsp;All cfg files have been moved to <b>/root/.clonezilla-sysresccd/files</b><br>
234 &nbsp;&nbsp;If you are upgrading from a previous version, please delete/move<br>
235 &nbsp;&nbsp;these files, and <u>adjust</u> your configuration files (conf files)<br>
236 -&nbsp;A new variable has been inserted to the configuration files (named<br>
237 &nbsp;&nbsp;<b>DebianLiveFolder</b> in <b>clonezilla-sysresccd.conf</b> and <b>DebianLiveFolderP</b><br>
238 &nbsp;&nbsp;in <b>profiles.conf</b>). This variable should point to the folder where<br>
239 &nbsp;&nbsp;the debian live ISO has been saved. If you are upgrading from a<br>
240 &nbsp;&nbsp;previous version, please <u>adjust</u> your configuration files (conf files)<br>
241 -&nbsp;Added support to script <b>create-clonezilla-sysresccd</b> for compressed<br>
242 &nbsp;&nbsp;(tar.gz) isolinux configuration files, in order to implement menus
243 </td></tr>
244 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">1.2.0</td><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">CD</td><td class="bordertable">-&nbsp;Added script <b>continue-multi-cd</b> to <b>SystemRescueCD</b><br>
245 &nbsp;&nbsp;This script makes it easy to continue a multi session CD
246 </td></tr>
247 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">1.1.0</td><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">CD</td><td class="bordertable">-&nbsp;Minor changes (cfg files)
248 </td></tr>
249 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">1.0.0</td><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">-</td><td class="bordertable">
250 -&nbsp;Moved to version 1.0.0 in order to eliminate any missunderstanding about<br>
251 &nbsp;&nbsp;the development status of Clonezilla-SysRescCD
252 </td></tr>
253 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top"></td><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">CD</td><td class="bordertable">
254 -&nbsp;Added the options -A and -W to script ocs-iso (Clonezilla Live).<br>
255 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Syntax:<br>
256 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; /opt/drbl/sbin/ocs-iso -A "ocs-rs command"<br>
257 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; /opt/drbl/sbin/ocs-iso -W "ocs-rs command" [image file]<br>
258 &nbsp;&nbsp;Both options set up the restore CD/DVD for automatic image restoration.<br>
259 &nbsp;&nbsp;The difference is that when using the -W option the image [image file] is <br>
260 &nbsp;&nbsp;appended in the ISO file (maximum 4.4BG). When -A is used, the image<br>
261 &nbsp;&nbsp;file will be appended to the CD/DVD, after the ISO file created by this<br>
262 &nbsp;&nbsp;command is burnt, using growisofs -M ... (maximum 8GB).<br>
263 -&nbsp;Added the option -O to script ocs-iso (Clonezilla Live).<br>
264 &nbsp;&nbsp;Specifies the ISO file name to use when -A, -W options are used.<br>
265 -&nbsp;Added the options -V and -P to script ocs-iso (Clonezilla Live).<br>
266 &nbsp;&nbsp;The user creating a restore CD/DVD can now specify its Volume ID and<br>
267 &nbsp;&nbsp;Publisher ID, respectively.<br>
268 -&nbsp;Added the option -I to script ocs-iso (Clonezilla Live).<br>
269 &nbsp;&nbsp;Specifies the user selectable menu item title of the main screen of a<br>
270 &nbsp;&nbsp;restore CD/DVD. Applicable only with options -W and -A<br>
271 -&nbsp;Added the script what-cd to sysresccd.<br>
272 &nbsp;&nbsp;This script will identify the CDs present on a pc, and report the<br>
273 &nbsp;&nbsp;device name of the writer (if any)<br>
274 -&nbsp;Added a copy of the Clonezilla-SysRescCD site to the CD. In this way <br>
275 &nbsp;&nbsp;the documentation will be available at all times
276 </td></tr>
277 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top"></td><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">Package</td><td class="bordertable">
278 -&nbsp;Added -x [script] option<br>
279 &nbsp;&nbsp;This way you can write a BASH script that will be executed just<br>
280 &nbsp;&nbsp;before mastering the "Clonezilla-SysRescCD"
281 </td></tr>
282 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">0.2</td><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">CD</td><td class="bordertable">
283 -&nbsp;clonezilla-sysresccd contains customized versions of the original CDs<br>
284 &nbsp;&nbsp;More info in page <a href="custom-cd.html" title=" How to create the custom CDs ">Custom&nbsp;CDs</a>
285 </td></tr>
286 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top"></td><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">Package</td><td class="bordertable">
287 -&nbsp;Fixed a bug that would appear when option -b would be used without any<br>
288 &nbsp;&nbsp;other options. Then create-clonezilla-sysresccd would not be able to get the <br>
289 &nbsp;&nbsp;ISO file name
290 </td></tr>
291 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">0.1.1</td><td class="bordertable" width="10" valign="top">Package</td><td class="bordertable">
292 -&nbsp;Build system upgrade<br>
293 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;use <b>./configure</b> to upgrade the program<br>
294 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;use <b>./configure --enable-fullInstall</b> to install it<br>
295 -&nbsp;Fixed a potential script installation bug<br>
296 -&nbsp;Normal user can get help<br>
297 -&nbsp;Minor changes
298 </td></tr>
299 <tr><td class="bordertable" width="10">0.1</td><td class="bordertable" width="10"></td><td class="bordertable">-&nbsp;Initial release</td></tr>
300 </table>
301 <H2><a name="download"></a>Download <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#index-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
302 <p>
303 Installation package: <a href="http://clonezilla-sysresccd.hellug.gr/create-clonezilla-sysresccd-3.1.0".tar.gz" target="_blank">create-clonezilla-sysresccd-3.1.0.tar.gz</a> [~ 1.7 MB]<br>
304 ISO file: <a href="http://clonezilla-sysresccd.hellug.gr/clonezilla-sysresccd-full-mod-3.1.0.iso" target="_blank">clonezilla-sysresccd-full-mod-3.1.0.iso</a> [~ 366 MB]<br>
305 md5sum file: <a href="http://clonezilla-sysresccd.hellug.gr/md5sum.txt" target="_blank">md5sum.txt</a><br><br>
306 ISO file md5sum: <b><i></i></b></p>
307 <H2><a name="user-help"></a>Can I help? <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#index-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
308 <p>Yes, of course you can. If you have:</p>
309 <ul style="margin-right: 30pt;">
310 <li>a script I can add to <b>Clonezilla Live</b> or <b>SystemRescueCD</b>, don't hesitate to send it to me.<br>
311 You can have a look at "<a href="own-scripts.html">Clonezilla-SysRescCD own scripts</a>" to see what type of scripts might be interesting.</li>
312 <li>used <b>Clonezilla Live</b> nfs mode, or any of the tools provided by <b>SystemRescueCD</b>, you can write a guide.<br>
313 I will add it to the site (and the documentation present on the CD). Please keep in mind that this CD may be used by less experienced users, so make it as detailed as possible.</li>
314 </ul>
315 <H2><a name="contact"></a>Contact me <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#index-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
316 <p>If there's anything you want to say about <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b>, go ahead and <a href="mailto:&#115;&#110;&#103;&#064;&#104;&#101;&#108;&#108;&#117;&#103;&#046;&#103;&#114;?subject=About Clonezilla-SysRescCD v 3.1.0">send me</a> a message.</p>
317 <H2><a name="lists"></a>Mailing lists <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#index-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
318 <p>There are two mailing lists available for <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b>:</p>
319 <ul>
320 <li><a href="http://lists.hellug.gr/mailman/listinfo/clonezilla-sysresccd-announce" target="_blank">Clone-sysresccd-announce</a><br>This is the <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> new releases announcement list. Please do not post there.</li>
321 <li><a href="http://lists.hellug.gr/mailman/listinfo/clonezilla-sysresccd-general" target="_blank">Clone-sysresccd-general</a><br>This is the general discussion list of <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b>.<br>
322 If you have any questions about Clonezilla Live, please use its <a href="http://sourceforge.net/mail/?group_id=115473" target="_blak">Mailing lists</a> or <a href="http://sourceforge.net/forum/?group_id=115473" target="_blak">Forums</a>.
323 <br>If you have any questions about SystemRescueCD, please use its <a href="http://www.sysresccd.org/forums/" target="_blak">Forums</a>.
324 </li>
325 </ul>
326 <H2><a name="license"></a>License <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#index-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
327 <p>This project is published under the terms of <a href="http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html" target="_blank">GNU General Public License</a> as published by the <a href="http://www.fsf.org/" target="_blank">Free Software Foundation</a>.</p>
328 <H2><a name="credits"></a>Credits <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#index-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
329 <p>I would like to thank:</p>
330 <ul>
331 <li>The creators of <b>SystemRescueCD</b> and <b>Clonezilla Live</b></li>
332 <li>Eleftherios Kosmas for publishing the v 0.1 torrent</li>
333 <li>George Keramidas and &lt;&lt;V13&gt;&gt; from the <a href="http://lists.hellug.gr/mailman/listinfo/linux-greek-users" target="_blank">linux greek users</a> mailing list, who helped fixing a bug that would make the creation of the 8GB Restore DVD impossible.</li>
334 <li>Chris Rehder for reporting the <b>create-clonezilla-sysresccd</b> installation problem in v 2.2.0 and his overall assistance</li>
335 <li>Manfred Hantl for reporting and fixing the windows USB installation problem of version 2.6.0</li>
336 <li>Everyone who seeds the torrent, as it is not possible for me to be online at all times</li>
337 </ul>
338 <p>Special thanks to</p>
339 <ul>
340 <li><b>Jyrki Vesterinen</b>, documentation contributor.<br>Most of these pages have been updated / written by him.</li>
341 </ul>
342 <a name="usb-top"></a>
343 <H2 style="font-size: 2em;"><a name="usb-intro"></a>Installation to USB made easy <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
344 <p>Until recently installing <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> on a USB disk would not be such a great idea, because of its size. But since USB devices become cheaper and cheaper, it is an interesting alternative.<br><br>
345 Starting with <b>version 3.1.0</b>, <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> provides an iso file that's ISO-Hybrided. This means (as we read at <a href="http://syslinux.zytor.com/wiki/index.php/Doc/isolinux#HYBRID_CD-ROM.2FHARD_DISK_MODE" target="_blank">the isolynux site</a>) that</p>
346 <p class="otherpage">"the iso file can be booted from either CD-ROM or from a device which BIOS considers a hard disk or ZIP disk, e.g. a USB key or similar. This image can then be copied using any raw disk writing tool (on Unix systems, typically "dd" or "cat") to a USB disk, or written to a CD-ROM using standard CD burning tools.<br>
347 <br>
348 The ISO 9660 filesystem is encapsulated in a partition (which starts at offset zero, which may confuse some systems.) This makes it possible for the operating system, once booted, to use the remainder of the device for persistent storage by creating a second partition."</p>
349 <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/important.png"></td><td>
350 Incorrect use of any raw disk writing tool could cause your<br> operating system (GNU/Linux / Windows) <b>not to boot</b>.<br><br> Confirm the command before you run it.<br></td></tr></table></div>
351 <p>So, from any linux box, assuming <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> iso file is in your home directory, and your USB device name is <b><font color="Green">sdc4</font></b>, you just execute the commands:</p>
352 <p class="newcode">umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
353 dd if=~/clonezilla-sysresccd-full-mod-3.1.0.iso of=/dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font> bs=512</p>
354 <p>And that's it. Your usb device is ready to boot!!!</p>
355 <H2><a name="usb-hard"></a>Installing the "hard" way <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
356 <p>If the "easy" way does not work there is an alternative; you will use the <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> ISO file (or CD) to copy and modify a couple of files on the USB disk, and finally make it bootable, using <a href="http://syslinux.zytor.com" target="_blank">syslinux</a> and its configuration file <b>syslinux.cfg</b>.</p>
357 <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/important.png"></td><td>
358 Incorrect use of syslinux could cause your operating system<br> (GNU/Linux / Windows) <b>not to boot</b>.<br><br> Confirm the command before you run it.<br></td></tr></table></div>
359 <p>The only thing that's important is that your USB disk must contain a VFAT (Windows 98 or DOS) file system. If this is not the case, refer to the section "<a href="#trouble">Troubleshooting</a>", to find out how you can format it, before copying files to it.<br><br>
360 The bootable USB disk creation procedure can be performed either from Linux or Windows.</p>
361 <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/info.png"></td><td>
362 If you want to create a bootable USB flash drive for this version<br>
363 or later, remember to use the syslinux command from <b>syslinux<br>
364 3.71 or later</b>. Otherwise the boot menu won't work.</td></tr></table></div>
365 <H3><a name="linux"></a>Installation from Linux <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
366 <p>There are two ways you can proceed, if you are going to use Linux to perform the USB installation, either using a running linux box, or using <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b>.<br><br>
367 I will assume that you have saved <b>clonezilla-sysresccd-full-mod-3.1.0.iso</b> in your home directory (<b><font color="Green">~</font></b>).</p>
368 <H3><a name="lin-box"></a>Using a linux box [<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
369 <p>If you already have a linux box up and running, you can use it to create your <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> USB, without even having to burn it to CD beforehand. The only thing here is that you have to have <a href="http://syslinux.zytor.com" target="_blank">syslinux</a> installed.<br><br>
370 I will assume that your CD drive is <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sr0</font></b> and that your USB device is <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></b>. You may have to change any of them to reflect your system configuration.<br><br>
371 Boot into linux, connect your USB device and execute the following commands:</p>
372 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/mycd<br>
373 mount <font color="Green">~</font>/clonezilla-sysresccd-full-mod-3.1.0.iso /mnt/mycd -o loop<br>
374 mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
375 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font> /mnt/usbdevice<br>
376 cp -r /mnt/mycd/* /mnt/usbdevice<br>
377 umount /mnt/mycd; rmdir /mnt/mycd<br>
378 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
379 rm isolinux/*.cfg<br>
380 mv isolinux/* .<br>
381 rmdir isolinux<br>
382 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
383 rmdir /mnt/usbdevice</p>
384 <p>Finally make your USB device bootable, by executing</p>
385 <p class="newcode">syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
386 <p>and you are done.</p>
387 <H4><a name="lin-sys"></a>Using Clonezilla-SysRescCD [<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H4>
388 <p>If you already burnt <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> to CD, you can use it to create your <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> USB.<br><br>
389 I will assume that your CD drive is <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sr0</font></b> and that your USB device is <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></b>. You may have to change any of them to reflect your system configuration.<br><br>
390 Boot <b>SystemRescueCD </b> using the option <b>To RAM</b>, and when it is fully loaded, execute the following commands:</p>
391 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/mycd<br>
392 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sr0</font> /mnt/mycd <br>
393 mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
394 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font> /mnt/usbdevice<br>
395 cp -r /mnt/mycd/* /mnt/usbdevice<br>
396 umount /mnt/mycd<br>
397 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
398 rm isolinux/*.cfg<br>
399 mv isolinux/* .<br>
400 rmdir isolinux<br>
401 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
402 <p>Finally make your USB device bootable, by executing</p>
403 <p class="newcode">syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
404 <p>and you are done.</p>
405 <H3><a name="windows"></a>Installation from Windows <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
406 <p>Installing <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> from Windows is as easy as it is in Linux. You have to burn <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> to CD or use a CD/DVD ROM emulator software like <a href="http://www.daemon-tools.cc/dtcc/announcements.php" target="_blank">Daemon Tools</a> to mount the ISO file.<br><br>
407 I will assume that your USB device is drive <b><font color="Green">K:</font></b> and your CD drive or mounted ISO file is drive
408 <b><font color="Green">D:</font></b>. You may have to change any of them, in order to reflect your system configuration.<br><br>
409 You will have to</p>
410 <ul>
411 <li>Copy all files from drive <b><font color="Green">D:</font></b> (CD or mounted ISO file) to drive <b><font color="Green">K:</font></b> (USB disk)</li>
412 <li>Delete <b><u>all</u> cfg</b> files from <b><font color="Green">K:</font>isolinux</b></li>
413 <li>Move all files from <b><font color="Green">K:</font>isolinux</b> to <b><font color="Green">K:</font></b></li>
414 <li>Delete folder <b><font color="Green">K:</font>isolinux</b> </li>
415 </ul>
416 <p>Now all you have to do is make your USB disk bootable. In order to do that you have to open a DOS window (in Windows XP press "<b>Start / Run </b>" and type <b>cmd</b>). Then type at DOS prompt:</p>
417 <p class="newcode"><font color="Green">K:</font><br>
418 cd bootprog<br>
419 syslinux -ma <font color="Green">K:</font></p>
420 <H3><a name="booting"></a>Booting from USB <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
421 <p>Before trying to boot from your USB device, you have to set your boot device at your BIOS. This means you have to reboot having your USB device connected, get into your BIOS (usually pressing DEL) and make the appropriate settings in the BOOT section.<br><br>
422 Booting <b>Clonezilla Live</b> should not be a problem. Just select the desired option and press ENTER to boot.<br><br>
423 Booting <b>SystemRescueCD</b> has been made equally simple with <b>SystemRescueCD v 1.0.0</b>, so you shouldn't have any problem (option <b>cdroot</b> is not required any more).<br><br>
424 If you have any problems here, you may try adding any of these boot parameters:</p>
425 <p class="newcode">usbstick<br>
426 doscsi</p>
427 <H3><a name="trouble"></a>Troubleshooting <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
428 <p>Whether you can successfully boot from a USB disk or not, depends mainly on your BIOS. Chances are that you will not be able to boot on an old computer, with an old (and possibly buggy) BIOS. So I would recommend testing your <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD USB</b> on a new computer.</p>
429 <ul>
430 <li><p style="margin-left: 0;"><b>I can't boot (I don't even see the splash screen)</b><br>
431 or <b>Clonezilla Live does not boot</b><br>
432 The first thing you should do is double check your BIOS settings. Reboot having your USB device connected, get into your BIOS (usually pressing DEL) and make the appropriate settings in the BOOT section.<br><br>
433 If you are on linux, check that the partition on the USB disk is active (bootable), executing:</p>
434 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">fdisk -l /dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font></p>
435 <p style="margin-left: 0;">You should get something similar to this:</p>
436 <table class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0pt;" border="0" width="100%">
437 <tr><td colspan="7">Disk /dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font>: 1031 MB, 1031798272 bytes</td></tr>
438 <tr><td colspan="7">64 heads, 32 sectors/track, 983 cylinders</td></tr>
439 <tr><td colspan="7">Units = cylinders of 2048 * 512 = 1048576 bytes</td></tr>
440 <tr><td>&nbsp;</td></tr>
441 <tr>
442 <td align="right">Device&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right"><font color="Red">Boot</font>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right">Start&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right">End&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right">Blocks&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right">Id&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right">System&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td width="99%"></td></tr>
443 <tr><td align="right">/dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right"><font color="Red">*</font>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right">1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right">983&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right">1006576&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right">6&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td align="right">FAT16&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td><td width="99%"></td>
444 </tr>
445 </table>
446 <p style="margin-left: 0;"><br>If the partition is not active (no astrisk), execute:</p>
447 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">fdisk /dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font></p>
448 <p style="margin-left: 0;">and issue "Command: " <b>a</b> (toggle a bootable flag) and "Partition number:" <b><font color="Green">4</font></b> (for <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></b>).<br><br>
449 If you are on Windows, this is taken care of by syslinux (parameters -ma).<br><br>
450 If you still have problems booting, you should try to execute</p>
451 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">syslinux -s /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
452 <p style="margin-left: 0;">from Linux, or</p>
453 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">syslinux -sma <font color="Green">K:</font></p>
454 <p style="margin-left: 0;">from Windows (from folder <b><font color="Green">K:</font>syslinux</b>).<br><br>
455 syslinux man page reads:</p>
456 <p class="otherpage" style="margin-left: 0px;"><b>(Option) -s</b><br>
457 Install a "safe, slow and stupid" version of syslinux. This version may work <br>
458 on some very buggy BIOSes on which syslinux would otherwise fail. If you find <br>
459 a machine on which the -s option is required to make it boot reliably, please <br>
460 send as much info about your machine as you can, and include the failure mode.</p></li>
461 <li><p style="margin-left: 0;"><b>I still can't boot</b><br>
462 In this case you will have to format your USB disk.<br><br>
463 If you are using linux to perform the installation, execute the command:</p>
464 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">mkdosfs -F 16 /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
465 <p style="margin-left: 0;">to create a FAT16 file system, or</p>
466 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">mkdosfs -F 32 /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
467 <p style="margin-left: 0;">to create a FAT32 file system.<br><br>
468 When you are done go back to section "<a href="#linux">Installation from Linux</a>".<br><br>
469 If you are on Windows, you should download the <a href="http://h50178.www5.hp.com/local_drivers/17550/SP27608.exe" target="_blank">HP-USB Format tool</a>, install it and format your USB drive using the Fat or Fat32 option. This program can be used to format USB devices that won't boot properly when formatted with Windows format tool.<br><br>
470 When you are done go back to section "<a href="#windows">Installation from Windows</a>".</p></li>
471 <li><b>I still can't boot (after formating)</b><br>
472 Things are getting tough!!! Try to format your USB disk using the option you did not use previously. So, if you have created a FAT32 file system, create a FAT16 file system this time, and recreate <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> on USB.<br><br>
473 If nothing works, you are out of luck; you will not be able to use <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD USB</b> on this computer... If you do manage to boot it, please <a href="mailto:&#115;&#110;&#103;&#064;&#104;&#101;&#108;&#108;&#117;&#103;&#046;&#103;&#114;?subject=Success booting Clonezilla-SysRescCD v 3.1.0 USB">send me</a> a message.</li>
474 <li><b>SystemRescueCD does not boot</b><br>
475 Ok, you have managed to get to the splash screen and successfully booted <b>Clonezilla Live</b>. But you still can't boot <b>SystemRescueCD</b>.<br><br>
476 Refer to section <a href="#booting">Booting from USB</a> to find out the boot parameters you can use with <b>SystemRescueCD</b>.
477 </li>
478 </ul>
479 <H3><a name="cfg"></a>Customizing sysresc.cfg <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
480 <p>As stated previously, <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD USB</b> is booted by <b>syslinux</b> through its configuration file <b>syslinux.cfg</b>. This file loads <b>sysresc.cfg</b> in order to boot <b>SystemRescueCD</b>.<br><br>
481 If you have to specify any additional boot parameters for <b>SystemRescueCD</b>, you may want to write these changes to the configuration file, so that you don't have to insert them by hand every time.<br><br>
482 The procedure to do that is the following:<br><br>
483 Boot <b>SystemRescueCD</b> (or if that's not possible yet, bot <b>Clonezilla Linux</b> and get to the command line) using the option <b>To RAM</b>, and when it is fully loaded, execute the following commands:</p>
484 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
485 mount /dev/<font color="Green">[device]</font> /mnt/usbdevice <br>
486 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
487 cp sysresc.cfg sysresc.bak<br>
488 sed 's|<font color="Red">scandelay=5</font>|<font color="Red">scandelay=<font color="Green">x</font> [additional params]</font>|' <br>
489 sysresc.cfg &gt; sys.cfg<br>
490 mv sys.cfg sysresc.cfg<br>
491 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">[device]</font><br>
492 syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">[device]</font><br>
493 reboot</p>
494 <p>where <b><font color="Green">x</font></b> is a number from 1 to 10.</p>
495 <p>After executing these commands, you will have a new <b>sysresc.cfg</b> file, and a backup file called <b>sysresc.bak</b> (in case things go wrong).<br><br>
496 If, for example, you want to increase the device scan delay to maximum, the above commands would become:</p>
497 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
498 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font> /mnt/usbdevice <br>
499 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
500 cp sysresc.cfg sysresc.bak<br>
501 sed 's|<font color="Red">scandelay=5</font>|<font color="Red">scandelay=<font color="Green">10</font></font>|' sysresc.cfg &gt; sys.cfg<br>
502 mv sys.cfg sysresc.cfg<br>
503 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
504 syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
505 reboot</p>
506 <p>If, in addition to that, you had to use the boot parameter <b><font color="Red">usbstick</font></b>, then it would be:</p>
507 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
508 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font> /mnt/usbdevice <br>
509 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
510 cp sysresc.cfg sysresc.bak<br>
511 sed 's|<font color="Red">scandelay=5</font>|<font color="Red">scandelay=<font color="Green">10</font> usbstick</font>|' sysresc.cfg &gt; sys.cfg<br>
512 mv sys.cfg sysresc.cfg<br>
513 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
514 syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
515 reboot</p>
516 <p>In case something goes wrong with your new settings, you can always rename <b>sysresc.bak</b> to <b>sysresc.cfg</b>, either from linux or Windows.</p>
517 <a name="boot-top"></a>
518 <H2 style="font-size: 2em;"><a name="boot-intro"></a>Boot parameters <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#boot-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
519 <p>Booting a linux system means loading a kernel, which is actually the operating system. Well, this is not exactly true, and it is not the only thing that happens during boot up phase, but it is not my intension to explain it here.
520 <br><br>
521 The kernel is loaded by Isolinux (the CD boot manager), which is able to pass a number of parameters to it, through its configuration file <b>isolinux.cfg</b>.
522 <br><br>
523 These parameters, called boot parameters, are documented by the kernel itself, and can differentiate its behavior dramatically. In our case, each CD (SystemRescueCD and Clonezilla Live) accept a different set of parameters, because they are based on <a href="http://www.gentoo.org/" target="_blank">gentoo</a> and <a href="http://www.debian.org/" target="_blank">debian</a>, respectively.
524 <br><br>
525 While in the splash screen of <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b>, you can edit the boot parameters by pressing TAB. They will be presented to you, and you can add or remove what you want. You must be careful not to change or remove the parameters that are dedicated to the CD itself, as altering them will certainty make it unbootable. When you are done, just press ENTER to boot.
526 </p>
527 <H2><a name="sysresccd"></a>SystemRescueCD boot parameters <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#boot-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
528 <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/info.png"></td><td>
529 The following info applies to <b>SystemRescueCD v. 1.3.5</b>. In case<br>
530 you need to get info for a more recent version of <b>SystemRescueCD</b><br>
531 please see the page "<a href="http://www.sysresccd.org/Sysresccd-manual-en_Booting_the_CD-ROM" target="_blank">Sysresccd-manual-en Booting the CD-ROM</a>"
532 </td></tr></table></div>
533 <p>A typical sysresccd isolinux entry is:</p>
534 <p class="newcode">kernel rescuecd<br>
535 append initrd=initram.igz video=ofonly</p>
536 <p>The kernel used is <b>rescuecd</b>, and anything after the word <b>append</b> is a boot parameter.<br><br>
537 Available kernels (boot images):</p>
538 <ul class="otherpage" style="padding: 0px 10px 20px 40px">
539 <li><b>rescuecd</b> This is the default choice for 32bits systems, with Framebuffer disabled, best choice.</li>
540 <li><b>altker32</b> This is an alternative kernel for 32bits systems. Boot with this kernel in case you have problems with rescuecd. altker32 was named vmlinuz2 in versions prior to SystemRescueCd-1.0.0.</li>
541 <li><b>rescue64</b> This is the default 64 bits kernel. Use it if you want to chroot to a 64bits linux system installed on your hard disk, or if you have to run 64 bits programs. This kernel is able to boot SystemRescueCd from the cdrom with 32bits programs, and it required a processor with 64bits instructions (amd64 / em64t).</li>
542 <li><b>altker64</b> This is an alternative kernel for 64bits systems. Boot with this kernel in case you have problems with rescue64. Only available from SystemRescueCd-1.0.0 and newer.</li>
543 </ul>
544 <p><br>The boot parameters you can use are:</p>
545 <div class="otherpage">
546 <p><b>General boot options</b></p>
547 <ul><li><b>setkmap=xx</b>: if you don't want to be asked for the keymap, you can choose which keymap to load automatically. Replace <code>xx</code> with your keymap (for example: <code>setkmap=de</code> for german keyboards)
548 </li><li><b>docache</b>: this option is very useful if you need to insert another disc in the CD drive after booting. The CD-ROM will be fully loaded into memory, and you will be able to remove the disc from the drive. The <code>docache</code> option requires 400MB of memory if you want to cache everything (including the <code>bootdisks</code> and <code>isolinux</code> directories). You can add the <code>lowmem</code> option if you have less that 400MB of memory of to prevent these directories to be copied into memory.
549 </li><li><b>root=xxx</b>: the <a href="http://www.sysresccd.org/news/2008/06/05/use-systemrescuecd-to-boot-a-linux-os-from-the-hard-disk/" class="external text" title="http://www.sysresccd.org/news/2008/06/05/use-systemrescuecd-to-boot-a-linux-os-from-the-hard-disk/" rel="nofollow">root=&lt;device&gt; option</a> lets you boot an existing linux system. For example, if you have a linux gentoo installed on <code>/dev/sda6</code>, you can type <code>rescuecd root=/dev/sda6</code> and Gentoo Linux will be started instead of the system that is on the CD-ROM. Keep in mind that you must use a 64bits kernel if your system is made of 64bits programs. For instance, you can boot a 64bits linux system installed on /dev/sda6 with <code>rescue64 root=/dev/sda6</code>. From SystemRescueCd-1.0.4, this option works with LVM disks, so you can write something like <code>rescuecd root=/dev/VolGroup00/LogVol00</code>. SystemRescueCd-1.0.4 and newer versions also supports <code>root=auto</code>, that will scan all the block devices of the computer to find a linux system. The first linux system found on the disks will be started. So with <code>root=auto</code> let you start the system installed from the CD-ROM in case you have problem with your boot loader or with your kernel for instance. You can have <a href="http://www.sysresccd.org/news/2008/06/05/use-systemrescuecd-to-boot-a-linux-os-from-the-hard-disk/" class="external text" title="http://www.sysresccd.org/news/2008/06/05/use-systemrescuecd-to-boot-a-linux-os-from-the-hard-disk/" rel="nofollow">more details</a> about that option.
550 </li><li><b>initscript=service:action</b>: This options allows you to automatically start/stop a service at boot time. For instance if you need the samba service to be started, you can boot with the following option: <code>initscript=samba:start</code>. This does the same thing as <code>/etc/init.d/samba start</code>. You can use this option several times with different services. All the action that are supported by an initscript can be used. This option is available with SystemRescueCd-1.0.2 and newer.
551 </li><li><b>backstore=xxx</b>: SystemRescueCd-1.1.x comes with support for the <a href="http://www.sysresccd.org/news/2008/06/29/creating-a-backing-store-to-keep-your-modifications-in-sysresccd/" class="external text" title="http://www.sysresccd.org/news/2008/06/29/creating-a-backing-store-to-keep-your-modifications-in-sysresccd/" rel="nofollow">backing-stores</a>. Basically, a backing-store is a loopback filesystem which saves all the changes you can make in SystemRescueCd when you use it. In other words it allows you to save all the files which changes in SystemRescueCd while you use it, so that you keep these changes the next time you boot it. By default, sysresccd automatically scan all your removable devices (eg: usb sticks) at boot time and uses the first backing-store it finds if there is one. A backing-store is not mandatory and it the scan fails it will just store the files which change in memory. To disable the disks scan at boot time you can specify <code>backstore=off</code> on the boot command line. If you want to save your backing-store file on an harddisk, you will have to boot with <code>backstore=alldev</code> so that it scans all devices not just removable devices. The default place for backing-stores file is any file named <code>sysrcd.bs</code> located at the root of a disk which is often an USB key. You can change the path by using an option such as <code>backstore=/sysrcd/mybackstore.bs</code> and then sysresccd will try to find a file named <code>mybackstore.bs</code> located in <code>/sysrcd</code> in any block-device (partition, USB-stick, ...). You can find more information about on the page about <a href="http://www.sysresccd.org/news/2008/06/29/creating-a-backing-store-to-keep-your-modifications-in-sysresccd/" class="external text" title="http://www.sysresccd.org/news/2008/06/29/creating-a-backing-store-to-keep-your-modifications-in-sysresccd/" rel="nofollow">backing-stores</a>.
552 </li></ul>
553 <p><b><BR>Hardware, drivers and troubleshooting options</b></p>
554 <ul><li><b>nonet</b>: this will disable the network auto detection at startup
555 </li><li><b>scandelay=x</b>: pauses x seconds during the startup to allow slow devices to initialize. This is required when you boot an usb device. A delay of only few seconds should be enough.
556 </li><li><b>doxdetect</b>: Since version 0.3.5 the auto-configuration is done in X.Org itself, and then mkxf86config is disabled by default. This option forces the system to run the mkxf86config startup script to run the hardware auto-detection from this script. Use this option if you have problems with the graphical environment configuration. This option replaces the option <code>noxdetect</code> that was useful in previous versions.
557 </li><li><b>nodetect</b>: prevents the generic hardware auto-detection. Use this option if you have problems with the hardware auto-detection.
558 </li><li><b>doload=xxx</b>: forces to load one/several modules at startup (example: <code>doload=3c59x</code>)
559 </li><li><b>noload=xxx</b>: prevents the system to load one/several modules at startup (example: <code>noload=3c59x</code>). Use this option if you have a problem when the system loads a particular module at boot time.
560 </li><li><b>dostartx</b>: This option will force the system to load the X.Org graphical environment at boot time. You won't have to type <code>startx</code> by hand to get it.
561 </li><li><b>forcevesa</b>: Forces X.Org to work with the safe vesa driver instead of the best video driver detected for your video card. Use this option if you cannot get the graphical environment working with the default options.
562 </li><li><b>forcevesa=xxx</b>: The <code>startx</code> command will load the <code>Xvesa</code> server instead of <code>Xorg</code>, and Xvesa will use the screen resolution given as parameter (eg: <code>1024x768</code>, <code>1280x1024x32</code>). The <code>forcevesa</code> option can take a parameter from SystemRescueCd-1.0.0 and more recent.
563 </li><li><b>all-generic-ide</b>: In case of problems related to your hard disk, try to enable this option (eg <code>rescuecd all-generic-ide</code>)
564 </li><li><b>acpi-off</b> / <b>noapic</b> / <b>irqpool</b>: use these options if you have any problem when the kernel boots: if it hangs on a driver or if it crashes, ...
565 </li><li><b>dodebug</b>: Enables verbose messages in the linuxrc script.
566 </li><li><b>lowmem</b>: Prevents non critical things to be loaded into memory (like the sshd and nfsd services)
567 </li><li><b>skipmount=/dev/xxx</b>: The system mounts all the storage devices at boot time to find the sysrcd.dat file. You may not want it to mount a device, for instance if your hard disk is broken because it would crash the system. You can just boot with <code>skipmount=/dev/sda1 skipmount=/dev/sda2</code> if you want SystemRescueCd to ignore these two partitions. This boot option requires SystemRescueCd-1.0.1 or more recent.
568 </li><li><b>nodmraid</b>: Disable dmraid, which is the program that drives RAID disks based on cheap RAID controller built-in motherboards.
569 </li><li><b>nomdadm</b>: Disable mdadm, which is the program that drives software RAID.
570 </li></ul>
571 <p><b><BR>Network auto-configuration and remote access</b></p>
572 <ul><li><b>dodhcp</b>: Use <code>dodhcp</code> if you have a DHCP server on your network and you want the system to get a dynamic IP address at boot time.
573 </li><li><b>ethx=ipaddr/cidr</b>: Sets the static IP address of all the ethernet interfaces found on the system. The <code>/cidr</code> extension is optional. For instance, if you use option <code>ethx=192.168.0.1</code> on a machine with two ethernet adapters, both <code>eth0</code> and <code>eth1</code> will be configured with <code>192.168.0.1</code>. You can also write something like <code>ethx=10.0.0.1/24</code> (using the cidr notation) if you don't use the default netmask.
574 </li><li><b>eth0=ipaddr/cidr</b>: This option is similar to <code>ethx=ipaddr/cidr</code> but it configures only one interface at a time. Of course, you can use <a href="http://www.sysresccd.org/news/2008/04/13/new-boot-options-for-advanced-ethernet-ip-configuration/" class="external text" title="http://www.sysresccd.org/news/2008/04/13/new-boot-options-for-advanced-ethernet-ip-configuration/" rel="nofollow">the eth0=ipaddr/cidr option</a> it for all the ethernet interfaces, not just eth0. For instance if you want to configure the network on a server that has two interfaces, you can write something like this: <code>eth0=192.168.10.1/24 eth1=192.168.20.1</code>. This option requires SystemRescueCd-1.0.2 or newer.
575 </li><li><b>dns=ipaddr</b>: Sets the static IP address of the DNS nameserver you want to use to resolve the names. For instance <code>dns=192.168.0.254</code> means that you want to use <code>192.168.0.254</code> as the DNS server.
576 </li><li><b>gateway=ipaddr</b>: Sets the static IP address of the default route on your network. For instance <code>gateway=192.168.0.254</code> means that the computer can connect to a computer outside of the local network via <code>192.168.0.254</code>.
577 </li><li><b>dhcphostname=myhost</b>: Sets the hostname that the DHCP client will send to the DHCP server. This may be required if the default hostname cannot be used with your DHCP configuration. This option has been introduced in SystemRescueCd-1.3.5.
578 </li><li><b>rootpass=123456</b>: Sets the root password of the system running on the livecd to <code>1234</code>. That way you can connect from the network and ssh on the livecd and give <code>123456</code> password as the root password.
579 </li><li><b>vncserver=x:123456</b>: The <a href="http://www.sysresccd.org/news/2008/04/12/use-systemrescuecd-remotely-with-vnc-server/" class="external text" title="http://www.sysresccd.org/news/2008/04/12/use-systemrescuecd-remotely-with-vnc-server/" rel="nofollow">vncserver boot option</a> has been introduced in SystemRescueCd-1.0.2. This options forces the system to configure the VNC-server and to start it automatically at boot time. You have to replace <code>x</code> with the number of displays you want, and <code>123456</code> with your password The password must be between 5 and 8 characters, else the boot option will be ignored. In other words the <code>vncserver=2:MyPaSsWd</code> option will give you access to two displays (display=1 on tcp/5901 and display=2 on tcp/5902). Display 0 is reserved for X.Org since SystemRescueCd-1.1.0.
580 </li><li><b>nameif=xxx</b>: You can can <a href="http://www.sysresccd.org/news/2008/06/28/option-to-define-the-name-of-a-network-interface-using-the-mac-address/" class="external text" title="http://www.sysresccd.org/news/2008/06/28/option-to-define-the-name-of-a-network-interface-using-the-mac-address/" rel="nofollow">specify what interface name to give</a> to a particular interface using the mac address. You need SystemRescueCd-1.1.0 or newer to do that. Here is how you can specify which interface is using which mac address on a machine with two network interfaces: <code>nameif=eth0!00:0C:29:57:D0:6E,eth1!00:0C:29:57:D0:64</code>. Be careful, you have to respect the separator (comma between the interfaces and exclamation marks between the name and the mac address).
581 </li></ul>
582 <p><b><BR>Options provided by the autorun</b></p>
583 <ul><li><b>ar_source=xxx</b>: place where the autorun are stored. It may be the root directory of a partition (<code>/dev/sda1</code>), an nfs share (<code>nfs://192.168.1.1:/path/to/scripts</code>), a samba share (<code>smb://192.168.1.1/path/to/scripts</code>), or an http directory (<code><a href="http://192.168.1.1/path/to/scripts" class="external free" title="http://192.168.1.1/path/to/scripts" rel="nofollow">http://192.168.1.1/path/to/scripts</a></code>).
584 </li><li><b>autoruns=[0-9]</b>: comma separated list of the autorun script that have to be run. For instance if you use <code>autoruns=0,2,7</code> then the following autorun scripts will be executed: <code>autorun0</code>, <code>autorun2</code>, <code>autorun7</code>. Use <code>autoruns=no</code> to disable all the autorun scripts with a number.
585 </li><li><b>ar_ignorefail</b>: continue to execute the scripts chain even if a script failed (returned a non-zero status)
586 </li><li><b>ar_nodel</b>: do not delete the temporary copy of the autorun scripts located in <code>/var/autorun/tmp</code> after execution
587 </li><li><b>ar_disable</b>: completely disable autorun, the simple <code>autorun</code> script will not be executed
588 </li><li><b>ar_nowait</b>: do not wait for a keypress after the autorun script have been executed.
589 </li></ul>
590 </div>
591 <H2><a name="clonezilla"></a>Clonezilla Live boot parameters <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#boot-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
592 <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr valign="top"><td><img src="images/info.png"></td><td>
593 The following info applies to <b>Clonezilla Live v. 1.2.3-27</b><br>
594 In case you need to get info for a more recent version of <b>Clonezilla Live</b><br>
595 please see the page "<a href="http://www.clonezilla.org/clonezilla-live/doc/fine-print.php?path=./99_Misc/00_live-initramfs-manual.doc#00_live-initramfs-manual.doc" target="_blank">The boot parameters for Clonezilla live</a>"
596 </td></tr></table></div>
597 <p>A typical Clonezilla Live isolinux entry is:</p>
598 <p class="newcode"> kernel /live/vmlinuz1<br>
599 append initrd=/live/initrd1.img boot=live union=aufs ocs_live_run="ocs-live-general"<br>
600 ocs_live_extra_param="" ocs_live_keymap="" ocs_live_batch="no" ocs_lang="" vga=791 nolocales</p>
601 <p>The kernel used is <b>vmlinuz</b>, and anything after the word <b>append</b> is a boot parameter.</p>
602 <p>The following info comes from the page titled <a href="http://www.clonezilla.org/clonezilla-live/doc/fine-print.php?path=./99_Misc/00_live-initramfs-manual.doc#00_live-initramfs-manual.doc" target="_blank">The boot parameters for Clonezilla live</a>.</p>
603 <div class="otherpage">Clonezilla live is based on <a href="http://wiki.debian.org/DebianLive/" target=_blank>Debian live</a> with clonezilla installed. Therefore there are 2 kinds of boot parameters:
604 <ol>
605 <li>Boot parameters from live-initramfs. You can refer to this <a href="#live-initramfs">manual of live-initramfs</a>.
606 <li>Boot parameters specially for Clonezilla. All of them are named as "ocs_*", e.g. ocs_live_run, ocs_live_extra_param, ocs_live_batch, ocs_lang.
607 <ul>
608 <li>ocs_live_run is the main program to run in Clonezilla live to save or restore. or other command. Available program: ocs-live-general, ocs-live-restore or any command you write. Use the Absolute path in Clonezilla live.<br>
609 e.g. ocs_live_run="ocs-live-general"
610 <li>ocs_live_extra_param will be used only when ocs_live_run=ocs-live-restore (not for ocs-live-general or any other), then it will be passed to ocs-sr. Therefore these parameters are actually those of ocs-sr.<br>
611 e.g. ocs_live_extra_param="-b -c restoredisk sarge-r5 hda"
612 <li>ocs_live_keymap is for keymap used in Clonezilla live. Man install-keymap for more details.<br>
613 e.g. ocs_live_keymap="NONE" (won't change the default layout)<br>
614 ocs_live_keymap="/usr/share/keymaps/i386/azerty/fr-latin9.kmap.gz" (French keyboard)
615 <li>batch mode or not (yes/no), if no, will run interactively.<br>
616 e.g. ocs_live_batch="no"
617 <li>ocs_lang is the language used in Clonezilla live. Available value: en_US.UTF-8, zh_TW.UTF-8... (see $DRBL_SCRIPT_PATH/lang/bash/)
618 e.g. ocs_lang="en_US.UTF-8"
619 <li>ocs_debug (or ocs-debug) is for you to enter command line prompt before any clonezilla-related action is run. This is easier for you to debug.
620 <li>ocs_daemonon, ocs_daemonoff, ocs_numlk, ocs_capslk.<br>
621 Ex. for the first 2 parameters, ocs_daemonon="ssh", then ssh service will be turned on when booting. For the last 2 parameters, use "on" or "off", e.g. ocs_numlk=on to turn on numberlock when booting.
622 <li>ocs_prerun, ocs_prerun1, ocs_prerun2... is for you to run a shell script before Clonezilla is started. E.g. ocs_prerun="/live/image/myscript.sh". If you have more commands to run, you can assign them in the order: ocs_prerun=..., ocs_prerun1=..., ocs_prerun2=.... If more than 10 parameters, remember to use ocs_prerun01, ocs_prerun02..., ocs_prerun11 to make it in order.
623 <li>ocs_live_run_tty. This option allows you to specify the tty where $ocs_live_run is run. By default $ocs_live_run is run on /dev/tty1 only. (It was also on /dev/ttyS0 before, but since Clonezilla live >= 1.2.3-22 no more this due to a problem). If you want to use ttyS0, for example, add live-getty and console=ttyS0,38400n81 in the boot parameter.
624 <li>Besides, "live-netdev" (yes, not ocs_live_netdev) can be used when using PXE booting, you can force to assign the network device to get filesystem.squashfs. This is useful when there are two or more NICs are linked. E.g. live-netdev="eth1" allows you to force the live-initramfs to use eth1 to fetch the root file system filesystem.squashfs.
625 </ul>
626 </ol>
627 <hr>
628 With the above options, we have the following examples:
629 <ol>
630 <li>A PXE config example for you to boot Clonezilla live via PXE, and ssh service is on, the password of account "user" is assigned:<br>
631 ----------------------------------------<br>
632 label Clonezilla Live<br>
633 MENU LABEL Clonezilla Live<br>
634 MENU DEFAULT<br>
635 kernel vmlinuz1<br>
636 append initrd=initrd1.img boot=live union=aufs noswap noprompt vga=788 fetch=tftp://192.168.120.254/filesystem.squashfs usercrypted=bkuQxLqLRuDW6 ocs_numlk="on" ocs_daemonon="ssh"<br>
637 ----------------------------------------<br>
638 The usercrypted password is created by:<br>
639 echo YOUR_PASSWORD | mkpasswd -s<br>
640 ("mkpasswd" is from package "whois" in Debian or Ubuntu. Check your GNU/Linux to see which package provides this command if you are not using Debian or Ubuntu. Replace YOUR_PASSWORD with your plain text password, and remember do not put any " in the boot parameters of live-initramfs (while it's ok for those ocs_* boot parameters), i.e. do NOT use something like usercrypted="bkuQxLqLRuDW6").<br>
641 //NOTE// If you do not assign salt to mkpasswd, the encrypted password will not be the same every time you create it.<br>
642 For more about usercrypted discussion, please check the <a href="http://lists.debian.org/debian-live/2008/10/msg00020.html" target=_blank>here</a>.
643 <br><br>
644 <li>How to put your own binary driver in Clonezilla live without modifying /live/filesystem.squashfs:
645 <ul>
646 <li>Boot clonezilla live
647 <li>Become root by running "sudo su -"
648 <li>Copy the dir lsi, which contains a precompiled kernel module matching the running kernel in Clonezilla live and a script to run it, to a working dir, e.g.: <br>
649 cp -r /live/image/lsi /home/partimag
650 <li>cd /home/partimag
651 <li>/opt/drbl/sbin/ocs-live-dev -c -s -i lsi -u lsi -x "ocs_prerun=/live/image/lsi/prep-lsi.sh"
652 <li>/opt/drbl/sbin/ocs-iso -s -i lsi -u lsi -x "ocs_prerun=/live/image/lsi/prep-lsi.sh"
653 <li>///NOTE/// In this example, the 2 files in dir lsi are: megasr.ko (the binary driver) and prep-lsi.sh. The contents of prep-lsi.sh:
654 <pre>
655 ------------------------
656 #!/bin/bash
657 cp -f /live/image/lsi/megasr.ko /lib/modules/`uname -r`/kernel/drivers/block/
658 chown root.root /lib/modules/`uname -r`/kernel/drivers/block/megasr.ko
659 depmod -a modprobe megasr
660 sleep 1
661 ------------------------
662 </pre>
663 </ul>
664 <li>To put your customized script with a PXE version of Clonezilla live (You have to use Clonezilla live version 1.2.2-2 or later):<br>
665 In this example, we assume (1) The IP address of your PXE server is 192.168.120.254, (2) the customized script (custom-ocs-2) is put on your PXE server's tftpd root dir (E.g. On DRBL server, the path is /tftpboot/nbi_img/. It might be different in your case if you are not use DRBL server as a PXE server).<br>
666 Therefor your pxelinux.cfg/default file is like:
667 <p>------------------------<br>
668 label Clonezilla Live<br>
669 MENU DEFAULT<br>
670 # MENU HIDE<br>
671 MENU LABEL Clonezilla Live<br>
672 # MENU PASSWD<br>
673 kernel vmlinuz1<br>
674 append initrd=initrd1.img boot=live union=aufs noswap noprompt vga=788 ip=frommedia fetch=tftp://192.168.120.254/filesystem.squashfs ocs_prerun="busybox tftp -g -b 10240 -r custom-ocs-2 -l /tmp/custom-ocs-2 192.168.120.254" ocs_live_run="bash /tmp/custom-ocs-2" ocs_live_keymap="NONE" ocs_live_batch="no" ocs_lang="en_US.UTF-8" nolocales<br>
675 TEXT HELP<br>
676 Boot Clonezilla live via network<br>
677 ENDTEXT<br>
678 <p>------------------------<br>
679 The content of custom-ocs-2 can be like:
680 <pre>
681 ------------------------
682 #!/bin/bash
683 . /opt/drbl/sbin/drbl-conf-functions
684 . /opt/drbl/sbin/ocs-functions
685 . /etc/ocs/ocs-live.conf
686 # Load language file
687 ask_and_load_lang_set en_US.UTF-8
688 # 1. Mount the clonezilla image home.
689 # Types: local_dev, ssh_server, samba_server, nfs_server
690 prep-ocsroot -t nfs_server
691 # 2. Restore the image
692 if mountpoint /home/partimag/ &>/dev/null; then
693 ocs-sr -l en_US.UTF-8 -c -p choose restoredisk ask_user ask_user
694 else
695 [ "$BOOTUP" = "color" ] && $SETCOLOR_FAILURE
696 echo "Fail to find the Clonezilla image home /home/partimag!"
697 echo "Program terminated!"
698 [ "$BOOTUP" = "color" ] && $SETCOLOR_NORMAL
699 fi
700 ------------------------
701 </pre>
702 </li>
703 </ol>
704 </div>
705 <H3><a name="live-initramfs"></a>live-initramfs manual <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#boot-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
706 <p>This is the manual of <a href="http://www.clonezilla.org/clonezilla-live/live-initramfs-param.php" target=_blank>live-initramfs</a>
707 <BR>
708 </p>
709 <div class="otherpage"><pre>
710 live-initramfs(7)
711 =================
712 Name
713 ----
714 live-initramfs - Debian Live initramfs hook
715 Synopsis
716 --------
717 BOOT=live
718 as kernel parameter at boot prompt.
719 Description
720 -----------
721 live-initramfs is a hook for the initramfs-tools, used to generate a initramfs
722 capable to boot live systems, such as those created by *live-helper*(7).
723 This includes the Debian Live isos, netboot tarballs, and usb stick images.
724 At boot time it will look for a (read-only) media containing a "/live"
725 directory where a root filesystems (often a compressed filesystem image like
726 squashfs) is stored. If found, it will create a writable environment, using
727 aufs, for Debian like systems to boot from.
728 You probably do not want to install this package onto a non-live system,
729 although it will do no harm.
730 live-initramfs is a fork of link:http://packages.ubuntu.com/casper/[casper].
731 casper was originally written by Tollef Fog Heen &lt;tfheen@canonical.com&gt;
732 and Matt Zimmerman &lt;mdz@canonical.com&gt;.
733 Boot options
734 ------------
735 Here is the complete list of recognized boot parameters by live-initramfs.
736 access=*ACCESS*::
737 Set the accessibility level for physically or visually impared users. ACCESS
738 must be one of v1, v2, v3, m1, or m2. v1=lesser visual impairment, v2=moderate
739 visual impairment, v3=blindness, m1=minor motor difficulties, m2=moderate motor
740 difficulties.
741 console=*TTY,SPEED*::
742 Set the default console to be used with the "live-getty" option. Example:
743 "console=ttyS0,115200"
744 debug::
745 Makes initramfs boot process more verbose.
746 fetch=*URL*::
747 Another form of netboot by downloading a squashfs image from a given url,
748 copying to ram and booting it.
749 hostname=*HOSTNAME*, username=*USER*, userfullname=*USERFULLNAME*::
750 Those parameters lets you override values read from the config file.
751 ignore_uuid
752 Do not check that any UUID embedded in the initramfs matches the discovered
753 medium. live-initramfs may be told to generate a UUID by setting
754 LIVE_GENERATE_UUID=1 when building the initramfs.
755 integrity-check::
756 If specified, an MD5 sum is calculated on the live media during boot and
757 compared to the value found in md5sum.txt found in the root directory of the
758 live media.
759 ip=**[CLIENT_IP]:[SERVER_IP]:[GATEWAY_IP]:[NETMASK]:[HOSTNAME]:[DEVICE]:[AUTOCONF]
760 [,[CLIENT_IP]:[SERVER_IP]:[GATEWAY_IP]:[NETMASK]:[HOSTNAME]:[DEVICE]:[AUTOCONF]]***::
761 Let you specify the name(s) and the options of the interface(s) that should be
762 configured at boot time. Do not specify this if you want to use dhcp (default).
763 It will be changed in a future release to mimick official kernel boot param
764 specification (e.g. ip=10.0.0.1::10.0.0.254:255.255.255.0::eth0,:::::eth1:dhcp).
765 ip[=**frommedia**]::
766 If this variable is set, dhcp and static configuration are just skipped and the
767 system will use the (must be) media-preconfigured /etc/network/interfaces
768 instead.
769 {keyb|kbd-chooser/method}=**KEYBOARD**, {klayout|console-setup/layoutcode}=**LAYOUT**,
770 {kvariant|console-setup/variantcode}=**VARIANT**,
771 {kmodel|console-setup/modelcode}=**CODE**, koptions=**OPTIONS**::
772 Configure the running keyboard as specified, if this one misses live-initramfs
773 behaves as if "keyb=us" was specified. It will be interfered from "locale=" if
774 locale is only 2 lowecase letters as a special case. You could also specify
775 console layout, variant, code, and options (no defaults).
776 live-getty::
777 This changes the auto-login on virtual terminals to use the (experimental)
778 live-getty code. With this option set the standard kernel argument "console=" is
779 parsed and if a serial console is specified then live-getty is used to autologin
780 on the serial console.
781 {live-media|bootfrom}=**DEVICE**::
782 If you specify one of this two equivalent forms, live-initramfs will first try
783 to find this device for the "/live" directory where the read-only root
784 filesystem should reside. If it did not find something usable, the normal scan
785 for block devices is performed.
786 {live-media-encryption|encryption}=**TYPE**::
787 live-initramfs will mount the encrypted rootfs TYPE, asking the passphrase,
788 useful to build paranoid live systems :-). TYPE supported so far are "aes" for
789 loop-aes encryption type.
790 live-media-offset=**BYTES**::
791 This way you could tell live-initramfs that your image starts at offset BYTES in
792 the above specified or autodiscovered device, this could be useful to hide the
793 Debian Live iso or image inside another iso or image, to create "clean" images.
794 live-media-path=**PATH**::
795 Sets the path to the live filesystem on the medium. By default, it is set to
796 '/live' and you should not change that unless you have customized your media
797 accordingly.
798 live-media-timeout=**SECONDS**::
799 Set the timeout in seconds for the device specified by "live-media=" to become
800 ready before giving up.
801 {locale|debian-installer/locale}=**LOCALE**::
802 Configure the running locale as specified, if not present the live-media rootfs
803 configured locale will be used and if also this one misses live-initramfs behave
804 as "locale=en_US.UTF-8" was specified. If only 2 lowercase letter are specified
805 (like "it"), the "maybe wanted" locale is generated (like en:EN.UTF-8), in this
806 case if also "keyb=" is unspecified is set with those 2 lowercase letters
807 (keyb=us). Beside that facility, only UTF8 locales are supported by
808 live-initramfs.
809 module=**NAME**::
810 Instead of using the default optional file "filesystem.module" (see below)
811 another file could be specified without the extension ".module"; it should be
812 placed on "/live" directory of the live medium.
813 netboot[=**nfs**|**cifs**]::
814 This tells live-initramfs to perform a network mount. The parameter "nfsroot="
815 (with optional "nfsopts="), should specify where is the location of the root
816 filesystem. With no args, will try cifs first, and if it fails nfs.
817 nfsopts=::
818 This lets you specify custom nfs options.
819 noautologin::
820 This parameter disables the automatic terminal login only, not touching gdk/kdm.
821 noxautologin::
822 This parameter disables the automatic login of gdm/kdm only, not touching
823 terminals.
824 nofastboot::
825 This parameter disables the default disabling of filesystem checks in
826 /etc/fstab. If you have static filesystems on your harddisk and you want them to
827 be checked at boot time, use this parameter, otherwise they are skipped.
828 nopersistent::
829 disables the "persistent" feature, useful if the bootloader (like syslinux) has
830 been installed with persistent enabled.
831 noprompt
832 Do not prompt to eject the CD on reboot.
833 nosudo::
834 This parameter disables the automatic configuration of sudo.
835 swapon::
836 This parameter enables usage of local swap partitions.
837 nouser::
838 This parameter disables the creation of the default user completely.
839 noxautoconfig::
840 This parameter disables Xorg auto-reconfiguration at boot time. This is valuable
841 if you either do the detection on your own, or, if you want to ship a custom,
842 premade xorg.conf in your live system.
843 persistent[=nofiles]::
844 live-initramfs will look for persistent and snapshot partitions or files labeled
845 "live-rw", "home-rw", and files called "live-sn*", "home-sn*" and will try to,
846 in order: mount as /cow the first, mount the second in /home, and just copy the
847 contents of the latter in appropriate locations (snapshots). Snapshots will be
848 tried to be updated on reboot/shutdown. Look at live-snapshot(1) for more
849 informations. If "nofiles" is specified, only filesystems with matching labels
850 will be searched; no filesystems will be traversed looking for archives or image
851 files. This results in shorter boot times.
852 {preseed/file|file}=**FILE**::
853 A path to a file present on the rootfs could be used to preseed debconf
854 database.
855 package/question=**VALUE**::
856 All debian installed packages could be preseeded from command-line that way,
857 beware of blanks spaces, they will interfere with parsing, use a preseed file in
858 this case.
859 quickreboot::
860 This option causes live-initramfs to reboot without attempting to eject the
861 media and without asking the user to remove the boot media.
862 showmounts::
863 This parameter will make live-initramfs to show on "/" the ro filesystems
864 (mostly compressed) on "/live". This is not enabled by default because could
865 lead to problems by applications like "mono" which store binary paths on
866 installation.
867 textonly
868 Start up to text-mode shell prompts, disabling the graphical user interface.
869 timezone=**TIMEZONE**::
870 By default, timezone is set to UTC. Using the timezone parameter, you can set it
871 to your local zone, e.g. Europe/Zurich.
872 todisk=**DEVICE**::
873 Adding this parameter, live-initramfs will try to copy the entire read-only
874 media to the specified device before mounting the root filesystem. It probably
875 needs a lot of free space. Subsequent boots should then skip this step and just
876 specify the "live-media=DEVICE" boot parameter with the same DEVICE used this
877 time.
878 toram::
879 Adding this parameter, live-initramfs will try to copy the whole read-only media
880 to the computer's RAM before mounting the root filesystem. This could need a lot
881 of ram, according to the space used by the read-only media.
882 union=**aufs**|**unionfs**::
883 By default, live-initramfs uses aufs. With this parameter, you can switch to
884 unionfs.
885 utc=**yes**|**no**::
886 By default, Debian systems do assume that the hardware clock is set to UTC. You
887 can change or explicitly set it with this parameter.
888 xdebconf::
889 Uses xdebconfigurator, if present on the rootfs, to configure X instead of the
890 standard procedure (experimental).
891 xvideomode=**RESOLUTION**::
892 Doesn't do xorg autodetection, but enforces a given resolution.
893 Files
894 -----
895 /etc/live.conf
896 Some variables can be configured via this config file (inside the live system).
897 /live/filesystem.module
898 This optional file (inside the live media) contains a list of white-space or
899 carriage-return-separated file names corresponding to disk images in the "/live"
900 directory. If this file exists, only images listed here will be merged into the
901 root aufs, and they will be loaded in the order listed here. The first entry
902 in this file will be the "lowest" point in the aufs, and the last file in
903 this list will be on the "top" of the aufs, directly below /cow. Without
904 this file, any images in the "/live" directory are loaded in alphanumeric order.
905 /etc/live-persistence.binds
906 This optional file (which resides in the rootfs system, not in the live media)
907 is used as a list of directories which not need be persistent: ie. their
908 content does not need to survive reboots when using the persistence features.
909 This saves expensive writes and speeds up operations on volatile data such as
910 web caches and temporary files (like e.g. /tmp and .mozilla) which are
911 regenerated each time. This is achieved by bind mounting each listed directory
912 with a tmpfs on the original path.
913 See also
914 --------
915 live-snapshot(1), initramfs-tools(8), live-helper(7), live-initscripts(7),
916 live-webhelper(7)
917 Bugs
918 ----
919 Report bugs against live-initramfs
920 link:http://packages.qa.debian.org/live-initramfs[http://packages.qa.debian.org/live-initramfs].
921 Homepage
922 --------
923 More information about the Debian Live project can be found at
924 link:http://debian-live.alioth.debian.org/[http://debian-live.alioth.debian.org/] and
925 link:http://wiki.debian.org/DebianLive/[http://wiki.debian.org/DebianLive/].
926 Authors
927 -------
928 live-initramfs is maintained by Daniel Baumann &lt;daniel@debian.org&gt;
929 for the Debian project.
930 live-initramfs is a fork of link:http://packages.ubuntu.com/casper/[casper].
931 casper was originally written by Tollef Fog Heen &lt;tfheen@canonical.com&gt;
932 and Matt Zimmerman &lt;mdz@canonical.com&gt;.</pre>
933 </div>
934 <a name="clonezilla-top"></a>
935 <H2 style="font-size: 2em;"><a name="clonezilla-intro"></a>About Clonezilla Live <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#clonezilla-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
936 <p>The DRBL-based PXEBoot Clonezilla is used to clone many computers simultaneously. It is an extremely useful tool, however, it does have several limitations. In order to use it, you must first prepare a DRBL server AND the machine to be cloned must boot from a network (e.g. PXE/Etherboot).<br><br>
937 To address these limitations, the Free Software Lab at the NCHC has combined <a href="http://debian-live.alioth.debian.org/" target=_blank>Debian Live</a> with Clonezilla to produce "<b>Clonezilla Live</b>", a new software that can be used to easily clone individual machines.</p>
938 <p>
939 <b>Clonezilla Live</b> provides two modes of operation:
940 </p>
941 <ul>
942 <li><b>device-image</b><br>
943 In this mode of operation, a disk/partition can be saved to an image file. This image file can be used to restore the original disk/partition. With Clonezilla-SysRescCD, it can also be used to create an automated restore CD/DVD. This is the mode of operation we will discuss here.
944 </li>
945 <li><b>device-device (cloning)</b><br>
946 This mode of operation creates an exact copy of the original disk/partition on the fly.</li>
947 </ul>
948 <p>When working in <b>device-image</b> mode, you will always have to specify three things:</p>
949 <ul>
950 <li>The location of the image file</li>
951 <li>The working parameters for the operation</li>
952 <li>The disk/partition that will be saved/restored</li>
953 </ul>
954 <p><b>Clonezilla Live</b> provides a user friendly interface in order to insert this data.<br><br>
955 When <b>Clonezilla Live</b> is booted up, either normally or copied to RAM, the contents of the whole CD/DVD can be found in folder <b>/live/image</b>. This is where you will find any extra files, such as the <b>restorecd</b> and the <b>doc</b> folders.
956 </p>
957 <H2><a name="start-stop"></a>Starting and stopping Clonezilla Live <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#clonezilla-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
958 <p>When you boot into <b>Clonezilla Live</b>, the program (actually a script) starts automatically. There are many places where you can stop it, by selecting <b>Cancel</b> or answering <b>N(o)</b> to a question. When you do that you will probably get the following:</p>
959 <p class="newcode">Now you can choose to:<br>
960 (0) Poweroff<br>
961 (1) Reboot<br>
962 (2) Enter command line prompt<br>
963 (3) Start over<br>
964 [2]</p>
965 <p>Select Poweroff or Reboot, <b>only</b> if you haven't already mounted a disk partition. I found out by experience, it is not always safe to let any live CD automatically unmount my partitions. So if you have already specified the image partition and/or the partition to save/restore, you should enter command line prompt and type:</p>
966 <p class="newcode"><a name="umount"></a>sudo su -<br>
967 mount | grep /dev/[sh]d</p>
968 <p>and then unmount the partitions shown by the last command. So if the results of this command is for example:</p>
969 <p class="newcode"><font color="Green">/dev/hda1</font> on /home/partimag type vfat (rw)</p>
970 <p>just type the command:</p>
971 <p class="newcode">umount <font color="Green">/dev/hda1</font></p>
972 <p>and it's now safe to Poweroff of Reboot.<br><br>
973 If, on the other hand, you just want to restart the program, type:</p>
974 <p class="newcode">ocs-live</p>
975 <H2><a name="about"></a>About the Image file <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#clonezilla-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
976 <p>One thing should be made clear about the image file: it is not a file, it is a <b>folder</b>, containing the actual image file and some data about the disk/partition it is associated with. So when you insert the image file name, you actually insert the folder name where the image will be saved/restored.<br><br>
977 Before you are able to insert the image file name, a list of partitions will be presented to you, so that you can choose where it should be saved/found. When you select one of them, it will be mounted under <b>/home/partimag</b>.<br><br>
978 This folder is very important for <b>Clonezilla Live</b>; the image file <b>must</b> be located under this directory, which means that the image file <b>must</b> be on the root directory of the mounted partition. So you can not, for example, create a folder called <b>all_my_images</b> and move all your image files in there; <b>Clonezilla Live</b> will not be able to find them!!!<br><br>
979 Another thing that should be pointed out is that <b>only unmounted</b> partitions will be included in the above list. This means that if you have stopped the program at some point after specifying the partition where the image file resides, and it has been mounted, it will not be present in the list the next time it is presented to you, and you will not be able to use it.<br><br>
980 There are two things you can do in this case; either unmount the partition, as stated <a href="#umount">above</a>, or select</p>
981 <p class="newcode"><font color="Red">skip&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Use existing /home/partimag</font></p>
982 <p>instead of any other option, when you restart the program. The later of course means that you still want to use the previously specified partition as the image file location.<br><br>
983 Fianlly I should say that <b>Clonezilla Live</b> is able to use a remote disk/partition as the location of the image file, mounted through <b>ssh</b>, <b>samba</b> or <b>nfs</b>. Using any of these options is a more advanced topic, way beyond the scope of this presentation.</p>
984 <H2><a name="options"></a>Scripts' options <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#clonezilla-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
985 <p>This section presents the options which are available at the "<i><b>Clonezilla advanced extra parameters</b></i>" screens, if the "Expert" mode is selected. For other options, see <a href="backup.html">Getting backups</a> and <a href="restoration.html">Restoring data</a>.</p>
986 <H3><a name="backup-options"></a>Backup options [<a href="#clonezilla-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
987 <H4><a name="imaging-program-priority"></a>Imaging program priority [<a href="#clonezilla-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H4>
988 <p class="newcode"><a name="q_option"></a><font color="Red">-q2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Priority: partclone > partimage > dd<br>
989 -q1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Priority: Only dd (supports all filesystem, but inefficient)<br>
990 -q&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Priority: ntfsclone > partimage > dd<br>
991 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Priority: partimage > dd (no ntfsclone)</font></p>
992 <p>This option chooses which imaging programs are preferred. By default, <b>Clonezilla Live</b> uses <b>partclone</b> for nearly all filesystems, including ext2/3/4, NTFS and FAT32. If a filesystem isn't supported by <b>partclone</b>, but is supported by <b>partimage</b> (spesifically: if the filesystem is HFS, HPFS or JFS), it is cloned by <b>partimage</b>. If it isn't supported by either (for example Linux swap, though it doesn't make any sense to clone swap partitions), it is cloned by <b>dd</b>. Unlike <b>partclone</b> or <b>partimage</b>, <b>dd</b> copies all blocks of the partition instead of only used, resulting in slower imaging process and bigger images.</p>
993 <p>Normally the default option <font color="Red"><b>-q2</b></font> should be preferred. Try another option if you have problems and believe they are caused by the imaging program used.</p>
994 <H4><a name="various-backup-parameters"></a>Various parameters [<a href="#clonezilla-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H4>
995 <p>These options are available at the second "<i><b>Clonezilla advanced extra parameters</b></i>" screen.</p>
996 <p class="newcode"><a name="backup-confirmation"></a><font color="Red">-c&nbsp;Client waits for confirmation before cloning</font></p>
997 <p>This option causes <b>Clonezilla Live</b> to ask if you really want to clone the disk/partition just before it starts cloning. It is enabled by default.</p>
998 <p class="newcode"><a name="backup-hidden-data"></a><font color="Red">-j2&nbsp;Clone the hidden data between MBR and 1st partition</font></p>
999 <p>If this option is set, the 15 hidden sectors between Master Boot Record and the first partition are copied. This area usually contains some data necessary for booting. The option is enabled by default and should be kept enabled if you are cloning a bootable disk.</p>
1000 <p class="newcode"><a name="backup-nogui"></a><font color="Red">-nogui&nbsp;Use text output only, no TUI/GUI output</font></p>
1001 <p>Causes <b>Clonezilla Live</b> to force the used programs to use only command-line interface even if text-based or graphical user interface is available.</p>
1002 <p class="newcode"><a name="backup-no-dma"></a><font color="Red">-a&nbsp;Do NOT force to turn on HD DMA</font></p>
1003 <p>Prevents <b>Clonezilla Live</b> from using DMA for communicating with hard drives. Slows cloning down but in some conditions cloning without this option can be impossible.</p>
1004 <p class="newcode"><a name="rm-win-swap-hib"></a><font color="Red">-rm-win-swap-hib&nbsp;Remove page and hibernation files in Win if exists</font></p>
1005 <p>This option prevents <b>Clonezilla Live</b> from cloning your page file if you are cloning a partition containing Windows. Often the page file is big and unneeded, and skipping it may speed cloning up without causing any harm. Mind you, this option is disabled by default because sometimes the page file may be necessary.</p>
1006 <p class="newcode"><a name="ntfs-ok"></a><font color="Red">-ntfs-ok&nbsp;Skip checking NTFS integrity, even bad sectors (ntfsclone only)</font></p>
1007 <p>This option works only if you selected the <font color="Red"><b>-q</b></font> option and you're cloning a NTFS partition. It prevents the integrity check of NTFS partitions and speeds the cloning process up a little. However, if the check is disabled, there is a risk that the filesystem is damaged and the image created from it is useless.</p>
1008 <p class="newcode"><a name="gen-md5"></a><font color="Red">-gm&nbsp;Generate image MD5 checksums</font></p>
1009 <p>Causes <b>Clonezilla Live</b> to calculate MD5 checksum(s) of image(s) created. If the image cets corrupted afterwards, the checksum allows to notice the corruption before the image is restored. Mind you, calculating the checksum takes some time and slows the process down a little.</p>
1010 <p class="newcode"><a name="gen-sha1"></a><font color="Red">-gs&nbsp;Generate image SHA1 checksums</font></p>
1011 <p>This option is identical to the above, but creates SHA1 checksum(s) instead of MD5. SHA1 is considered to be more accurate checksum algorithm than MD5, but MD5 is more popular.</p>
1012 <H4><a name="compression-method"></a>Compression method [<a href="#clonezilla-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H4>
1013 <p class="newcode"><a name="z_option"></a><font color="Red">-z1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;gzip compression (fast with a smaller image)<br>
1014 -z2&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;bzip2 compression (slowest but smallest image)<br>
1015 -z3&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;lzo compression (faster with image size approx. to that of gzip)(NOTE!!)<br>
1016 -z4&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;lzma compression (slowest but also small image, faster decompression than bzip2)<br>
1017 -z0&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;No compression (fastest but largest image size)</font></p>
1018 <p>This option chooses the method which is used to compress the image while creating it.</p>
1019 <p>If no compression is used at all, there won't be any negative speed impact caused by compression. However, the image file size is the size of all the data backed up - for example, if you clone a 160 GB hard drive containing 60 gigabytes of data, the resulting disk image will be 60 gigabytes in size.</p>
1020 <p><b>Gzip</b> and <b>lzop</b> are fast compression methods. <b>Lzop</b> is many times faster than <b>gzip</b>, but creates slightly larger images. <b>Clonezilla Live</b> warns that <b>lzop</b> requires good-quality RAM, but I (the contributor who wrote this chapter) think other compression methods require good RAM too.</p>
1021 <p><b>Bzip2</b> and <b>lzma</b> are powerful compression methods. <b>Lzma</b> creates a little smaller images than <b>bzip2</b>, and decompressing lzma-compressed images is faster than decompressing <b>bzip2</b> images. But there is no free lunch: <b>lzma</b> compression method is very slow compared even to <b>bzip2</b>, which isn't fast method either.</p>
1022 <H4><a name="splitting"></a>Splitting [<a href="#clonezilla-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H4>
1023 <p>This option (command line: <b>-i <font color="Red">[number]</font></b>) decides if the created image files are splitted into smaller pieces, and if yes, how large the pieces are. This setting doesn't usually matter, but some filesystems (most importantly FAT32) don't allow files larger than four gigabytes. If you're saving the disk image to a FAT32 partition, enter 4000 or less. (Value 0 disables splitting, so don't use it in that case.) If the filesystem allows files big enough, enter any value which isn't too small (you don't want to split the image into too many pieces, do you?)</p>
1024 <H4><a name="backup-postaction"></a>Postaction [<a href="#clonezilla-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H4>
1025 <p class="newcode"><a name="backup_p_option"></a><font color="Red">-p true&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Do nothing when the clone finishes<br>
1026 -p reboot&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Reboot client when the clone finishes<br>
1027 -p poweroff&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Shutdown client when the clone finishes</font></p>
1028 <p>In this screen you can decide what <b>Clonezilla Live</b> does when the disk/partition is cloned.</p>
1029 <p>Spiros told <a href="#start-stop">above</a> that he has found out that it's not always safe to allow Live CDs automatically unmount partitions, and I have lost data when trying auto-unmount with a script. So, avoid <font color="Red"><b>-p reboot</b></font> and <font color="Red"><b>-p poweroff</b></font> options if possible. You have been warned.</p>
1030 <H3><a name="restore-options"></a>Restore options (script ocs-sr) [<a href="#clonezilla-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1031 <H4><a name="various-restore-parameters"></a>Various parameters [<a href="#clonezilla-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H4>
1032 <p>These options are available at the first "<i><b>Clonezilla advanced extra parameters</b></i>" screen.</p>
1033 <p class="newcode"><a name="reinstall-grub"></a><font color="Red">-g auto&nbsp;Reinstall grub in client disk MBR (only if grub config exists)</font></p>
1034 <p>Causes <b>Clonezilla Live</b> to reinstall GRUB into the Master Boot Record of the disk if at least one partition contains GRUB config file (/boot/grub/menu.lst). The option is enabled by default and shouldn't cause any harm. However, it should be disabled if you for example have another bootloader in MBR and chainload GRUB with it.</p>
1035 <p class="newcode"><a name="ntfs-geometry"></a><font color="Red">-e1 auto&nbsp;Automatically adjust filesystem geometry for a NTFS boot partition if exists</font></p>
1036 <p>The NTLDR bootloader used by Windows isn't able to determine automatically where the files it needs are stored. It only knows their physical locations, which sometimes change when the disk or partition is copied. If the locations are changed and this option is selected, the location information of the files is changed accordingly. This option is enabled by default and if it's disabled, the cloned Windows will fail to boot.</p>
1037 <p class="newcode"><a name="chs-from-edd"></a><font color="Red">-e2&nbsp;sfdisk uses CHS of hard drive from EDD(for non-grub boot loader)</font></p>
1038 <p>This option requires that the <font color="Red"><b>-e1 auto</b></font> option is selected. It causes <b>Clonezilla Live</b> to use disk read interface named EDD for determining the physical locations of the files when updating the location information used by NTLDR. The option is enabled by default because it reduces the risk that Windows doesn't boot.</p>
1039 <p class="newcode"><a name="change-win-ip-based-host"></a><font color="Red">-hn0 PC&nbsp;Change MS Win hostname (based on IP address) after clone</font></p>
1040 <p>If this option is selected and a partition containing Microsoft Windows is cloned, its IP address -based hostname is changed after cloning. Computers which are on any network simultaneously need to have different hostnames, so this option is needed if a Windows system is cloned to another computer and the original computer is still used in addition to the one where the image was restored to.</p>
1041 <p class="newcode"><a name="change-win-mac-based-host"></a><font color="Red">-hn1 PC&nbsp;Change MS Win hostname (based on MAC address) after clone</font></p>
1042 <p>This option causes the MAC address -based hostname of Windows to change. This option needs also be enabled in the above condition.</p>
1043 <p class="newcode"><a name="verbose"></a><font color="Red">-v&nbsp;Prints verbose messages (especially for udpcast)</font></p>
1044 <p>Causes <b>Clonezilla Live</b> to tell more information of what it does.</p>
1045 <p class="newcode"><a name="restore-nogui"></a><font color="Red">-nogui&nbsp;Use text output only, no TUI/GUI output</font></p>
1046 <p>Causes <b>Clonezilla Live</b> to force the used programs to use only command-line interface even if text-based or graphical user interface is available.</p>
1047 <p class="newcode"><a name="batch"></a><font color="Red">-b&nbsp;Run clone in batch mode (DANGEROUS!)</font></p>
1048 <p>Causes <b>Clonezilla Live</b> to run in batch mode. According to Clonezilla Live reference card, this option is dangerous, though I (the contributor) don't know why.</p>
1049 <p class="newcode"><a name="restore-confirmation"></a><font color="Red">-c&nbsp;Client waits for confirmation before cloning</font></p>
1050 <p>This option causes <b>Clonezilla Live</b> to ask if you really want to clone the disk/partition just before it starts cloning. It is enabled by default.</p>
1051 <p class="newcode"><a name="no-mbr"></a><font color="Red">-t&nbsp;Client does not restore the MBR (Mater Boot Record)</font></p>
1052 <p>Do NOT restore the MBR (Mater Boot Record) when restoring image. If this option is set, you must make sure there is an existing MBR in the current restored harddisk. Default is Yes.</p>
1053 <p class="newcode"><a name="restore-syslinux-mbr"></a><font color="Red">-t1&nbsp;Client restores the prebuilt MBR from syslinux (For Windows only)</font></p>
1054 <p>If this option is set, the MBR is overwritten by prebuilt one which chainloads Windows. Use this option if you have to restore Windows and make it bootable, but don't have the original MBR or backup of it.</p>
1055 <p class="newcode"><a name="resize-fs"></a><font color="Red">-r&nbsp;Try to resize the filesystem to fit partition size</font></p>
1056 <p>This option is useful if you are cloning a small disk to larger one. It tries to resize the restored filesystem to the size of the partition where it was restored to. It allows you to use the whole size of your new disk without resizing the partition afterwards. The option requires that the disk where the image is copied already contains a partition where the image is restored or that the option <font color="Red"><b>-k1</b></font> is enabled.</p>
1057 <p class="newcode"><a name="load-geometry"></a><font color="Red">-e&nbsp;sfdisk uses the CHS value of hard drive from the saved image</font></p>
1058 <p>Force to use the saved CHS (cylinders, heads, sectors) when using sfdisk. Of cource, there is no use of it when using any of <b><font color="Red">-j0</font></b>, <b><font color="Red">-k</font></b> or <b><font color="Red">-k2</font></b> options.</p>
1059 <p class="newcode"><a name="mbr-again"></a><font color="Red">-j1&nbsp;Write MBR (512 B) again after image is restored. Not OK for partition table diffe</font></p>
1060 <p>When a disk image is restored, the partition table must be updated to reflect the actual partitions in the disk. If you don't want it to happen, enable this option. Then the Master Boot Record (including the partition table) is restored again after restoring the image. Note that using this option can destroy all the data in the target drive.</p>
1061 <p class="newcode"><a name="restore-hidden-data"></a><font color="Red">-j2&nbsp;Clone the hidden data between MBR and 1st partition</font></p>
1062 <p>If this option is set, the 15 hidden sectors between Master Boot Record and the first partition are restored. This area usually contains some data necessary for booting. The option is enabled by default and should be kept enabled if you are cloning a bootable disk.</p>
1063 <p class="newcode"><a name="check-md5"></a><font color="Red">-cm&nbsp;Check image by MD5 checksums</font></p>
1064 <p>If the image folder contains MD5 checksum(s), this option causes <b>Clonezilla Live</b> to check if the image has corrupted by calculating its checksum and comparing it to the precalculated one. Mind you, calculating the checksum takes some time and slows the process down a little.</p>
1065 <p class="newcode"><a name="check-sha1"></a><font color="Red">-cs&nbsp;Check image by SHA1 checksums</font></p>
1066 <p><p>This option is identical to the above, but checks SHA1 checksum(s) instead of MD5.</p>
1067 <p class="newcode"><a name="restore-no-dma"></a><font color="Red">-a&nbsp;Do NOT force to turn on HD DMA</font></p>
1068 <p>Prevents <b>Clonezilla Live</b> from using DMA for communicating with hard drives. Slows cloning down but in some conditions cloning without this option can be impossible.</p>
1069 <p class="newcode"><a name="run-prerun-dir"></a><font color="Red">-o0&nbsp;Run script in $OCS_PRERUN_DIR before clone starts</font></p>
1070 <p>Run the scripts in the directory $OCS_PRERUN_DIR before clone is started. The location of the directory can be determined by editing the file drbl-ocs.conf. By default it is /opt/drbl/share/ocs/prerun.</p>
1071 <p class="newcode"><a name="run-postrun-dir"></a><font color="Red">-o1&nbsp;Run script in $OCS_POSTRUN_DIR as clone finishes</font></p>
1072 <p>Run the scripts in the directory $OCS_POSTRUN_DIR when clone is finished. The location of the directory can be determined by editing the file drbl-ocs.conf. By default it is /opt/drbl/share/ocs/postrun. The command will be run before that assigned in <font color="Red"><b>-p</b></font>.</p>
1073 <p>The scripts will be executed by the program "run-parts". run-parts only accepts that the name of the scripts must consist entirely of upper and lower case letters, digits and underscores. So if your file name has an illegal character ".", run-parts won't run it. You can test which files will be executed by entering the command:</p>
1074 <p class="newcode">run-parts --test /opt/drbl/share/ocs/postrun</p>
1075 <H4><a name="partition-table"></a>Partition table [<a href="#clonezilla-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H4>
1076 <p>This option decides what is done to the partition table of the target drive.</p>
1077 <p class="newcode"><a name="image-partition-table"></a><font color="Red">&nbsp;Use the partition table from the image</font></p>
1078 <p>This option causes <b>Clonezilla Live</b> to copy the partition table from the image. Use this option if you are cloning a whole disk or somehow know that the partition tables are identical (for example, if you are restoring a partition to the same disk where it was copied from and haven't repartitioned the drive after creating the backup). This is the default option.</p>
1079 <p class="newcode"><a name="no-fdisk"></a><font color="Red">-k&nbsp;Do NOT create a partition table on the target disk</font></p>
1080 <p>Do NOT create partition in target harddisk. If this option is set, you must make sure there is an existing partition table in the current restored harddisk.</p>
1081 <p class="newcode"><a name="sfdisk"></a><font color="Red">-k1&nbsp;Create partition table proportionally (OK for MRB format, not GPT)</font></p>
1082 <p>Causes <b>Clonezilla Live</b> to create the partition table automatically using sfdisk after restoring the images. This option works nearly always, but sometimes cloned Windows don't boot. Note that this option doesn't work if you have GUID Partition Table on your disk. (Most likely you don't have one.)</p>
1083 <p class="newcode"><a name="enter-cmd"></a><font color="Red">-k2&nbsp;Enter command line prompt to create partition manually later</font></p>
1084 <p>Like the <font color="Red"><b>-k</b></font> option, this option doesn't create the partition table automatically. However, after restoring the image you are led to command line prompt where you can create the partition table manually. Don't use this option if you don't know how the partition table can be created.</p>
1085 <p class="newcode"><a name="dd"></a><font color="Red">-j0&nbsp;Use dd to create partition (NOT OK if logical drives exist)</font></p>
1086 <p>Use dd to dump the partition table from saved image instead of sfdisk.<br><br>
1087 We read in <a href="http://drbl.sourceforge.net/faq/fine-print.php?path=./2_System/23_Missing_OS.faq#23_Missing_OS.faq" target="_blank">DRBL FAQ/Q&#038;A</a>:</p>
1088 <p style="margin-left: 40pt; margin-right: 40pt;">When I use clonezilla to clone M$ windows, there is no any problem when saving an image from template machine. However, after the image is restored to another machine, it fails to boot, the error message is "<b>Missing Operating System</b>". What's going on ?<br><br>
1089 Usually this is because GNU/Linux and M$ windows interpret the CHS (cylinder, head, sector) value of harddrive differently. Some possible solutions:<br>
1090 &nbsp;&nbsp;1. Maybe you can change the IDE harddrive setting in BIOS, try to use LBA instead of auto mode.<br>
1091 &nbsp;&nbsp;2. Try to choose<br>
1092 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<b>[ ] -j0 Use dd to create partition table instead of sfdisk</b><br>
1093 &nbsp;&nbsp;and<br>
1094 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<b>[ ] -t1 Client restores the prebuilt MBR from syslinux (For Windows only)</b><br>
1095 &nbsp;&nbsp;when you restore the image.<br>
1096 &nbsp;&nbsp;3. You can try to boot the machine with MS Windows 9x bootable floppy, and in the DOS command prompt, run: "fdisk /mbr".
1097 &nbsp;&nbsp;4. You can try to boot the machine with MS Windows XP installation CD, enter recovery mode (by pressing F10 key in MS XP, for example), then in the console, run "fixmbr" to fix it. Maybe another command "fixboot" will help, too. For more info, refer to <a href="http://support.microsoft.com/?scid=kb%3Ben-us%3B314058&x=7&y=14" target="_blank">this doc</a><br>
1098 &nbsp;&nbsp;5. Use ntfsreloc to adjust FS geometry on NTFS partitions. For more info, refer to <a href="http://www.linux-ntfs.org/doku.php?id=contrib:ntfsreloc" target="_blank">http://www.linux-ntfs.org/doku.php?id=contrib:ntfsreloc</a></p>
1099 <p>It has been confirmed that activating the <font color="Red"><b>-j0</b></font> option, fixes the problem.</p>
1100 <p>This option doesn't work if you use LVM (Logical Volume Manager).</p>
1101 <p class="newcode"><a name="exit"></a><font color="Red">exit&nbsp;Exit</font></p>
1102 <p>This option ends the restore process and enters command line prompt.</p>
1103 <H4><a name="restore-postaction"></a>Postaction [<a href="#clonezilla-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H4>
1104 <p class="newcode"><a name="restore_p_option"></a><font color="Red">-p true&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Do nothing when the clone finishes<br>
1105 -p reboot&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Reboot client when the clone finishes<br>
1106 -p poweroff&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Shutdown client when the clone finishes</font></p>
1107 <p>When image restoration finishes, do one of the following: choose action (default), poweroff or reboot.</p>
1108 <H2><a name="ntfs"></a>Saving image files in NTFS partitions <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#clonezilla-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
1109 <p>Although not recomended, you may find yourself having to save your image file in a NTFS (Windows XP) partition. You may never have a problem doing this, but you may get a message like the following one, when the partition gets mounted:</p>
1110 <p class="newcode">Volume is scheduled for check<br>
1111 Please boot into Windows TWICE, or use 'force' mount option"</p>
1112 <p>and the backup procedure fails. There are two things you can do here:</p>
1113 <ul>
1114 <li><p style="margin-left: 0pt;">Exit the program, reboot and use <b>Windows XP Recovery Console</b> to fix the NTFS file system. From Recovery Console
1115 prompt, execute the command:</p>
1116 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0pt;"><font color="Red">chkdsk /f X:</font></p>
1117 <p style="margin-left: 0pt;">where <font color="Red"><b>X:</b></font> is the drive letter of the disk. When done, boot back into <b>Clonezilla Live</b> and repeat the backup procedure.</p>
1118 If the Windows version you use is not XP, boot into <b>SystemRescueCD</b> (graphical mode is not needed) and run the following command:
1119 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0pt;"><font color="Red">ntfsfix /dev/hda1</font></p>
1120 <p style="margin-left: 0pt;">where <b>/dev/<font color="Red">hda1</font></b> is the partition name in GNU/Linux. When done, boot back into <b>Clonezilla Live</b> and repeat the backup procedure.</p>
1121 If the disk/partition you are trying to backup is not the Windows System disk (usually <b>C:</b>), you can boot Windows, and execute the command in a DOS window. To open a DOS window click <b>Start / Run... </b> and at the prompt <b>Open:</b> type <b><font color="Red">cmd</font>.</b></li>
1122 <li><p style="margin-left: 0pt;">If <b>Windows XP Recovery Console</b> is not available, you don't have the time to execute the procedure described above, or even if you have executed it but you still get the same message, and you are <b><u>absolutely sure</u></b> that you get this message because the NTFS partition is really scheduled for check, and it's not because Windows crushed or have become corrupt, you can mount the patririon by hand and tell <b>Clonezilla Live</b> to use it. Assuming the partition is <b>/dev/<font color="Red">hda1</font></b>, exit the program and execute the commands:</p>
1123 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0pt;">sudo su -<br>
1124 ntfs-3g -o force /dev/<font color="Red">hda1</font> /home/partimag<br>
1125 ocs-live</p>
1126 <p style="margin-left: 0pt;">and when you get to the screen "<b><i>Mount clonezilla image directory</i></b>", select</p>
1127 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0pt;"><font color="Red">skip&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Use existing /home/partimag</font></p>
1128 </li>
1129 </ul>
1130 <a name="backup-top"></a>
1131 <H2 style="font-size: 2em;"><a name="backup-intro"></a>Getting backups <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#backup-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
1132 <p>In this page I will demonstrate the creation of an image file by getting a backup of a virtual partition (<b>/dev/<font color="Red">hdb1</font></b>). The image file will be saved in another virtual partition (<b>/dev/<font color="Red">hda1</font></b>).<br></p>
1133 <p>
1134 The first thing you do when you want to get a backup of a disk/partition, is make sure both the souce (to be backed up) and target (to hold the image file) partitions are in excellent condition (error free). This is the logical thing to do, cause I wouldn't want to backup a corrupt partition, or end up with a corrupt image file.<br>
1135 <br>
1136 There is one more step I would want to take: I should check that my BIOS boot settings are correct, in order to boot from my CD/DVD drive.<br>
1137 <br>
1138 Having done all of the above, I am ready to boot from <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b>.<br>
1139 <br>
1140 </p>
1141 <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/info.png"></td><td>
1142 The following pressentation has been made using<br><b>Clonezilla Live v 1.2.3-27</b>
1143 </td></tr></table></div>
1144 <H2><a name="backup"></a>Getting the backup <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#backup-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
1145 <H3><a name="bck-0"></a>Clonezilla-SysRescCD starting screen [<a href="#backup-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1146 <p>If you're fine with US keymap and English language (available languages are English, Spanish, French, Italian, Japanese and Chinese [both simplified and traditional]) or don't mind editing the boot parameters, just select <b>Clonezilla Live</b> at the starting screen and press ENTER. When the system comes up, it will load the program that will preform the backup. After that continue from <a href="#bck-4">this step</a>.</p>
1147 <p>If you need to change these settings, select one of the available <b>Clonezilla Live</b> menu entries, and press <font color="Green"><b>TAB</b></font>. The current boot parameters will be displayed.</p>
1148 <p>The default parameters for booting <b>Clonezilla Live</b> on a 1024x768 screen, are the following:</p>
1149 <p class="newcode">append initrd=/live/initrd1.img boot=live union=aufs<br>
1150 &nbsp;&nbsp;ocs_live_run="ocs-live-general" ocs_live_extra_param=""<br>
1151 &nbsp;&nbsp;ocs_prerun="/live/image/restorecd/prerun.normal" ocs_live_batch="no"<br>
1152 &nbsp;&nbsp;ocs_lang="<font color="Red">en_US.UTF-8</font>" ocs_live_keymap="<font color="Red">NONE</font>" vga=791 nolocales</p>
1153 <p>By deleting the words in red, you instruct <b>Clonezilla Live</b> to ask you the values of these parameters. When the appropriate changes have been done (as shown bellow), just press <font color="Green"><b>ENTER</b></font> to boot.</p>
1154 <p class="newcode">append initrd=/live/initrd1.img boot=live union=aufs<br>
1155 &nbsp;&nbsp;ocs_live_run="ocs-live-general" ocs_live_extra_param=""<br>
1156 &nbsp;&nbsp;ocs_prerun="/live/image/restorecd/prerun.normal" ocs_live_batch="no"<br>
1157 &nbsp;&nbsp;ocs_lang="" ocs_live_keymap="" vga=791 nolocales</p>
1158 </p>
1159 <H3><a name="bck-1"></a>Screen "Choose Language" [<a href="#backup-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1160 <p><img src="images/backup-00.png"><br>
1161 I select "<font color="Red"><b>en_US.UTF-8 English</b></font>" and press ENTER.</p>
1162 <H3><a name="bck-2"></a>Screen "Configuring console-data" [<a href="#backup-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1163 <p><img src="images/backup-01.png"><br>
1164 I select "<font color="Red"><b>Select keymap from full list</b></font>" and press ENTER. If you're using US keymap, the default option "<font color="Red"><b>Don't touch keymap</b></font>" is a better choice.</p>
1165 <H3><a name="bck-3"></a>Screen "Configuring console-data" [<a href="#backup-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1166 <p><img src="images/backup-02.png"><br>
1167 As I (the contributor who wrote a great deal of this page) use Finnish keyboard, I select "<font color="Red"><b>pc / qwerty / Finnish / Standard / Standard</b></font>". Because you most likely use a different keyboard, choose the one you use.</p>
1168 <H3><a name="bck-4"></a>Screen "Start Clonezilla" [<a href="#backup-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1169 <p><img src="images/backup-03.png"><br>
1170 I select "<font color="Red"><b>Start Clonezilla</b></font>" and press ENTER.
1171 </p>
1172 <H3><a name="bck-5"></a>Screen "Clonezilla" [<a href="#backup-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1173 <p><img src="images/backup-04.png"><br>
1174 I select "<font color="Red"><b>device-image</b></font>" and press ENTER.<br> <br>
1175 </p>
1176 <H3><a name="bck-6"></a>Screen "Mount clonezilla image directory" [<a href="#backup-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1177 <p>In this screen I can select the way the image file directory will be saved.
1178 Available options are local directory, remote directory through <b>ssh</b>, <b>samba</b> or <b>nfs</b> and <b>skip</b>, to use the previously used directory. More info about the image file can be found at section "<a href="clonezilla.html#about">About the Image file</a>".<br>
1179 <br>
1180 <img src="images/backup-05.png"><br>
1181 I select "<font color="Red"><b>local_dev</b></font>" and press ENTER.
1182 </p>
1183 <H3><a name="bck-7"></a>Next screen [<a href="#backup-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1184 <p>This is where I choose the location of the image file. It will be saved at the root directory of the selected partition.<br><br>
1185 <img src="images/backup-06.png"><br>
1186 I select partition <font color="Red"><b>hda1</b></font> and press ENTER.<br>
1187 <br>
1188 <img src="images/backup-07.png"><br>
1189 and then ENTER again.</p>
1190 <p><img src="images/backup-08.png"><br>
1191 This screen displays the mounting result.<br>
1192 As we can see, <font color="Red"><b>/dev/hda1</b></font> has been successfully mounted under <b>/tmp/local-dev</b>.</p>
1193 <H3><a name="bck-7a"></a>Next Screen [<a href="#backup-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1194 <p><img src="images/backup-09.png">
1195 <br>I select <font color="Red"><b>Beginer mode</b></font> to accept the default backup options. If you select <font color="Red"><b>Expert mode</b></font>, you can choose the options yourself. More details can be found <a href="clonezilla.html#backup-options" target="_blank">here</a>.</p>
1196 <H3><a name="bck-8"></a>Screen "Select mode" [<a href="#backup-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1197 <p>Here I can select the desired operation.<br>
1198 <br>
1199 <img src="images/backup-10.png"><br>
1200 I select "<font color="Red"><b>savedisk</b></font>" and press ENTER.<br> <br></p>
1201 <H3><a name="bck-9"></a>Next Screen [<a href="#backup-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1202 <p><img src="images/backup-11.png"><br>
1203 In this screen I select the image name.<br>
1204 I type "Backup_5-2010_hdb", which in my opinion is more informative name than the default.
1205 </p>
1206 <H3><a name="bck-10"></a>Next Screen [<a href="#backup-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1207 <p><img src="images/backup-12.png"><br>
1208 Finally I am asked to select the partition to save.<br>
1209 I just press ENTER again.
1210 </p>
1211 <H3><a name="bck-11"></a>Starting the backup [<a href="#backup-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1212 <p><img src="images/backup-13.png"><br>
1213 Then the program will display the command that will be executed and will ask me to press ENTER. <br>
1214 Then I will be asked to confirm the operation by pressing <font color="Red"><b>y</b></font> and ENTER.
1215 <br>
1216 <br><img src="images/backup-14.png"><br>
1217 After that, the backup begins<br>
1218 <br>
1219 <img src="images/backup-15.png"><br>
1220 and when it's successfully completed, I will be able to reboot the system by pressing <font color="Red"><b>1</b></font> and ENTER.
1221 </p>
1222 <a name="backup-smb-top"></a>
1223 <H2 style="font-size: 2em;"><a name="backup-smb-intro"></a>Getting backups on Samba <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#backup-smb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
1224 <p>What if you don't have a spare local disk or partition or a USB disk? How will you be able to get a backup of your system? Well, if your PC is on the same LAN with another PC running Windows (or linux), you can use <b>Samba</b> to save your image file on that remote PC (which we will call <b>Samba server</b> from now on).<br><br>
1225 Using <b>Samba</b> you will be able to mount a Windows share resource (or Samba share resource), from within <b>Clonezilla Live</b>, and save the image file there. Then you can boot that PC using <b>SystemRescueCD</b> and create a restore DVD.<br><br>
1226 In this page I will demonstrate the creation of an image file by getting a backup of my Windows partition (<b>/dev/<font color="Red">hda1</font></b>). The image file will be save in my Samba server which is my laptop (ip: <b><font color="Red">10.0.0.2</font></b>, Windows share resource name: <b><font color="Red">data</font></b>).
1227 </p>
1228 <H3><a name="what-is"></a>What is Samba? [<a href="#backup-smb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1229 <p>We read at <a href="http://us1.samba.org/samba/" target="_blank">http://us1.samba.org/samba/</a>:</p>
1230 <p class="otherpage">Samba is an Open Source/Free Software suite that provides seamless file and print services to SMB/CIFS clients. Samba is freely available, unlike other SMB/CIFS implementations, and allows for interoperability between Linux/Unix servers and Windows-based clients.<br><br>
1231 Samba is software that can be run on a platform other than Microsoft Windows, for example, UNIX, Linux, IBM System 390, OpenVMS, and other operating systems. Samba uses the TCP/IP protocol that is installed on the host server. When correctly configured, it allows that host to interact with a Microsoft Windows client or server as if it is a Windows file and print server.
1232 </p>
1233 <H2><a name="info"></a>Gathering info <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#backup-smb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
1234 <p>Before you can use this approach to get a backup, you have to get some info about the <b>Samba server</b>.<br><br>
1235 The <b>Samba server</b> I have used for this example was my laptop, so I already knew most of the info required. If this is not the case for you, just ask the owner, user or system admin.<br><br>
1236 The info required is:</p>
1237 <ol>
1238 <li>The IP address of the Samba server</li>
1239 <li>The domain on the Samba server<br>
1240 This may exist if your PC is connected to a larger LAN (a corporation network, for example). In my case this is empty.</li>
1241 <li>The user name and password you can use</li>
1242 <li>The directory on the Samba server you can use to save your backup<br>
1243 This is the name of the <b>Windows share resource</b> (Samba share resource) as it is known in the network, which is not necessarily the same as the local directory name. The user whose account will be used to login to the <b>Samba server</b>, must have write permission to this directory.</li>
1244 </ol>
1245 <H2><a name="backup-smb"></a>Getting the backup <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#backup-smb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
1246 <p>If you're fine with US keymap and English language (available languages are English, Spanish, French, Italian, Japanese and Chinese [both simplified and traditional]) or don't mind editing the boot parameters, just select <b>Clonezilla Live</b> at the starting screen and press ENTER. When the system comes up, it will load the program that will preform the backup.
1247 </p>
1248 <p>If you need to change these settings, go to the <a href="backup.html#bck-0" target="_blank">Getting backups</a> page for instructions .</p>
1249 <H3><a name="bck-smb-1"></a>Screen "Start Clonezilla" [<a href="#backup-smb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1250 <p>I select "<font color="Red"><b>Start Clonezilla</b></font>" and press ENTER.</p>
1251 <H3><a name="bck-smb-2"></a>Screen "Clonezilla" [<a href="#backup-smb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1252 <p>I select "<font color="Red"><b>device-image</b></font>" and press ENTER.</p>
1253 <H3><a name="bck-smb-3"></a>Screen "Mount clonezilla image directory" [<a href="#backup-smb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a></H3>
1254 <p>In this screen I can select the way the image file directory will be saved.
1255 Available options are local directory, remote directory through <b>ssh</b>, <b>samba</b> or <b>nfs</b> and skip, to use the previously used directory. More info about the image file can be found at section "<a href="clonezilla.html#about">About the Image file</a>".<br>
1256 <br>
1257 I select "<font color="Red"><b>samba server</b></font>" and press ENTER.</p>
1258 <H3><a name="bck-smb-4"></a>Screen "Mount Samba Server" [<a href="#backup-smb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1259 <p>This is where I have to enter the IP address of my Samba server.<br><br> I type "<font color="Red"><b>10.0.0.2</b></font>" and press ENTER.</p>
1260 <H3><a name="bck-smb-5"></a>Screen "Mount Samba Server" (second time) [<a href="#backup-smb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1261 <p>This is where I have to enter the account (user) name on my Samba server.<br><br> I type "<font color="Red"><b>spiros</b></font>" and press ENTER.</p>
1262 <H3><a name="bck-smb-6"></a>Screen "Mount Samba Server" (third time) [<a href="#backup-smb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1263 <p>This is where I have to enter the domain name on my Samba server.<br><br> I select "<font color="Red"><b>Cancel</b></font>" and press ENTER, as there is no domain in my LAN. If there is a domain in your network, you have to type its name (something like <b>my_company.com</b>) and press ENTER.</p>
1264 <H3><a name="bck-smb-7"></a>Screen "Mount Samba Server" (fourth time) [<a href="#backup-smb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1265 <p>This is where I have to enter the directory name on my Samba server, in which the image file will be saved.<br><br> I type "/<font color="Red"><b>data</b></font>" and press ENTER.<br><br>
1266 At this point I will be asked for the password for user <b><font color="Red"><b>spiros</b></font></b>. I will be able to continue only after entering it correctly.</p>
1267 <H3><a name="bck-smb-7a"></a>Screen "Clonezilla - Opensource Clone System (OCS)" [<a href="#backup-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1268 <p>I select <font color="Red"><b>Beginner mode</b></font> to accept the default backup options. If you select <font color="Red"><b>Expert mode</b></font>, you can choose the options yourself. More details can be found <a href="clonezilla.html#backup-options" target="_blank">here</a>.</p>
1269 <H3><a name="bck-smb-8"></a>Screen "Clonezilla: Select mode" [<a href="#backup-smb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1270 <p>Here I can select the desired operation. Available options are:</p>
1271 <p>savedisk<br>
1272 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Save entire disk to image<br>
1273 <br>
1274 restoredisk<br>
1275 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Restore entire disk from image<br>
1276 <br>
1277 saveparts<br>
1278 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Save partition to image<br>
1279 <br>
1280 restoreparts<br>
1281 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Restore partition from image<br>
1282 <br>
1283 recovery-iso-zip<br>
1284 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Create an automated restore CD/DVD/USB drive</p>
1285 <p>I select "<font color="Red"><b>saveparts</b></font>" and press ENTER.<br> <br></p>
1286 <H3><a name="bck-smb-11"></a>Screen "Clonezilla - Opensource Clone System (OCS) | Mode: saveparts" [<a href="#backup-smb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1287 <p>This is the name of the image file. You can insert anything you like, as long as it makes sence to you, so that you can distinguish the image file afterwards.<br>
1288 <br>
1289 I insert "<font color="Red"><b>win_img</b></font>" and press ENTER.</p>
1290 <H3><a name="bck-smb-12"></a>Next screen [<a href="#backup-smb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1291 <p>Here I can select the partition that will be backed up. <br><br> I select "<font color="Red"><b>( ) hda1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;ntfs</b></font>" by pressing SPACE and press ENTER, and ENTER again.<br>
1292 <br>
1293 Then a message is displayed asking for confirmation in order to continue. I just press <b>y</b>, and the backup procedure begins.</p>
1294 <H2><a name="reboot"></a>Rebooting the system <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#backup-smb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
1295 <p>When the backup is done, I get the following:</p>
1296 <p class="newcode">(0) Poweroff<br>
1297 (1) Reboot<br>
1298 (2) Enter command line prompt<br>
1299 (3) Start over<br>
1300 [2]</p>
1301 <p>Then I press ENTER and get to the shell. I execute the commands:</p>
1302 <p class="newcode">sudo su -<br>
1303 cd<br>
1304 umount -a<br>
1305 reboot<br><br></p>
1306 <a name="restore-top"></a>
1307
1308
1309
1310 <H2 style="font-size: 2em;"><a name="restore-intro"></a>Restoring data <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
1311
1312 <p>Image files are always created for one purpose: restoring the data they contain. Images can be, for example, a backup solution: as long as hardware works, the computer can be restored to the state it was when creating the image. Another usage scenario is changing the hard drive: files can be copy-pasted from the old drive to the new, but that method doesn't make the new drive bootable. Disk images do.</p>
1313
1314 <p>This page contains a demonstration of the latter case. On the <a href="backup.html">Getting backups</a> page, a 500 MB virtual disk containing 160 megabytes of data was copied to a 2 GB virtual disk which was empty. Now the 500 MB disk is changed to an empty 2 GB disk (still virtual) and I'll restore the data to that disk.</p>
1315
1316 <p>When creating a disk image, one needs to check that both the source and target partitions are error free. That's not required when the image is restored, because restoration process can't damage the disk image. Note, however, that restoring an image erases all the data in the target disk/partition.</p>
1317
1318 <p>You also need to check the BIOS settings to be able to boot from <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b>. Some BIOSes contain a boot menu, others require editing settings pernamently. Details can be found on the manual of the motherboard or laptop.</p>
1319
1320 <p>Now let's boot.</p>
1321
1322 <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/important.png"></td><td>
1323 Restore process erases all the data on the target disk/partition.<br><br>Before restoring make sure you have backup of all the data<br> on the target disk/partition, even if the filesystem is corrupted.
1324 </td></tr></table></div>
1325 <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/info.png"></td><td>
1326 The following pressentation has been made using<br><b>Clonezilla Live v 1.2.3-27</b>
1327 </td></tr></table></div>
1328
1329
1330 <H2><a name="restore"></a>Restoring data <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
1331
1332 <H3><a name="res-0"></a>Clonezilla-SysRescCD starting screen [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1333
1334 <p>If you're fine with US keymap and English language (available languages are English, Spanish, French, Italian, Japanese and Chinese [both simplified and traditional]) or don't mind editing the boot parameters, just select <b>Clonezilla Live</b> at the starting screen and press ENTER. When the system comes up, it will load the program that will preform the backup. After that continue from <a href="#res-4">this step</a>.</p>
1335
1336 <p>If you need to change these settings, select one of the available <b>Clonezilla Live</b> menu entries, and press <font color="Green"><b>TAB</b></font>. The current boot parameters will be displayed.</p>
1337
1338 <p>The default parameters for booting <b>Clonezilla Live</b> on a 1024x768 screen, are the following:</p>
1339
1340 <p class="newcode">append initrd=/live/initrd1.img boot=live union=aufs<br>
1341 &nbsp;&nbsp;ocs_live_run="ocs-live-general" ocs_live_extra_param=""<br>
1342 &nbsp;&nbsp;ocs_prerun="/live/image/restorecd/prerun.normal" ocs_live_batch="no"<br>
1343 &nbsp;&nbsp;ocs_lang="<font color="Red">en_US.UTF-8</font>" ocs_live_keymap="<font color="Red">NONE</font>" vga=791 nolocales</p>
1344
1345 <p>By deleting the words in red, you instruct <b>Clonezilla Live</b> to ask you the values of these parameters. When the appropriate changes have been done (as shown bellow), just press <font color="Green"><b>ENTER</b></font> to boot.</p>
1346
1347 <p class="newcode">append initrd=/live/initrd1.img boot=live union=aufs<br>
1348 &nbsp;&nbsp;ocs_live_run="ocs-live-general" ocs_live_extra_param=""<br>
1349 &nbsp;&nbsp;ocs_prerun="/live/image/restorecd/prerun.normal" ocs_live_batch="no"<br>
1350 &nbsp;&nbsp;ocs_lang="" ocs_live_keymap="" vga=791 nolocales</p>
1351 </p>
1352
1353 <H3><a name="res-1"></a>Screen "Choose Language" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1354
1355 <p><img src="images/backup-00.png"><br>
1356 I select "<font color="Red"><b>en_US.UTF-8 English</b></font>" and press ENTER.</p>
1357
1358 <H3><a name="res-2"></a>Screen "Configuring console-data" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1359
1360 <p><img src="images/backup-01.png"><br>
1361 I select "<font color="Red"><b>Select keymap from full list</b></font>" and press ENTER. If you're using US keymap, the default option "<font color="Red"><b>Don't touch keymap</b></font>" is a better choice.</p>
1362
1363 <H3><a name="res-3"></a>Screen "Configuring console-data" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1364
1365 <p><img src="images/backup-02.png"><br>
1366 Because I haven't changed my keyboard, I select "<font color="Red"><b>pc / qwerty / Finnish / Standard / Standard</b></font>". Because you most likely use a different keyboard, choose the one you use.</p>
1367
1368 <H3><a name="res-4"></a>Screen "Start Clonezilla" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1369
1370 <p><img src="images/backup-03.png"><br>
1371 I select "<font color="Red"><b>Start Clonezilla</b></font>" and press ENTER.
1372 </p>
1373
1374 <H3><a name="res-5"></a>Screen "Clonezilla" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1375
1376 <p><img src="images/backup-04.png"><br>
1377 I select "<font color="Red"><b>device-image</b></font>" and press ENTER.<br> <br>
1378 </p>
1379
1380 <H3><a name="res-6"></a>Screen "Mount clonezilla image directory" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1381
1382 <p>In this screen I can select the way the image file directory has been saved.
1383 Available options are local directory, remote directory through <b>ssh</b>, <b>samba</b> or <b>nfs</b> and <b>skip</b>, to use the previously used directory. More info about the image file can be found at section "<a href="clonezilla.html#about">About the Image file</a>".<br>
1384 <br>
1385 <img src="images/backup-05.png"><br>
1386 I select "<font color="Red"><b>local_dev</b></font>" and press ENTER.
1387 </p>
1388
1389 <H3><a name="res-7"></a>Next screen [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1390
1391 <p>This is where I choose the location of the image file.<br><br>
1392 <img src="images/restoration-06.png"><br>
1393 I select partition <font color="Red"><b>hda1</b></font> and press ENTER.<br>
1394 <br>
1395 <img src="images/backup-07.png"><br>and then ENTER again.</p>
1396
1397 <p><img src="images/restoration-08.png"><br>
1398 This screen displays the mounting result.<br>
1399 As we can see, <font color="Red"><b>/dev/hda1</b></font> has been successfully mounted under <b>/tmp/local-dev</b>.</p>
1400
1401 <H3><a name="res-7a"></a>Next Screen [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1402
1403 <p><img src="images/backup-09.png"><br>
1404 I select <font color="Red"><b>Beginer mode</b></font> to accept the default restore options. If you select <font color="Red"><b>Expert mode</b></font>, you can choose the options yourself. More details can be found <a href="clonezilla.html#restore-options" target="_blank">here</a>.</p>
1405
1406 <H3><a name="res-8"></a>Screen "Select mode" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1407
1408 <p>Here I can select the desired operation.<br>
1409 <br>
1410 <img src="images/restoration-10.png"><br>
1411 I select "<font color="Red"><b>restoredisk</b></font>" and press ENTER.<br> <br></p>
1412
1413 <H3><a name="res-9"></a>Next Screen [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1414
1415 <p><img src="images/restoration-11.png"><br>
1416 In this screen I select the image folder. This partition contains only one image.</p>
1417
1418 <H3><a name="res-10"></a>Next Screen [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1419
1420 <p><img src="images/restoration-12.png"><br>
1421 Finally I am asked to select which partition the image will be restored to. After double-checking the disk doesn't contain anything important, I press ENTER.</p>
1422
1423 <H3><a name="res-11"></a>Starting the restoration [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1424
1425 <p><img src="images/restoration-13.png"><br>
1426 Then the program will display the command that will be executed and will ask me to press ENTER. <br>
1427 Then I will be asked to confirm the operation by pressing <font color="Red"><b>y</b></font> and ENTER.<br>
1428 <img src="images/restoration-14.png"><br>
1429
1430 <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/important.png"></td><td>
1431 <b>This is the last confirmation Clonezilla Live asks.<br>After this step there is no coming back.</b><br></td></tr></table></div>
1432 Then my confirmation is asked one last time. After checking one more time the disk doesn't contain any important data, I press <font color="Red"><b>y</b></font> and ENTER.<br>
1433 <br>
1434 <img src="images/restoration-15.png"><br>
1435 After that, the restore process begins
1436 <br>
1437 <br>
1438 <img src="images/restoration-16.png"><br>
1439 and when it's successfully completed, I will be able to reboot the system by pressing <font color="Red"><b>1</b></font> and ENTER.
1440 </p>
1441
1442
1443 <a name="restore-top"></a>
1444
1445 <H2 style="font-size: 2em;"><a name="restore-intro"></a>Creating a Restore DVD - Part 1
1446 <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
1447 <p>Assuming you have used <b>Clonezilla Live</b> to make a backup of your Windows XP system (partition <b>/dev/<font color="Red">hda1</font></b>), which you have saved as <font color="Green"><b>win_img</b></font>, you will probably be wondering what to do with it now. Well, one option would be to keep it to the disk you used to save it in, store the disk, and use it whenever you need it. Another option would be to create a DVD you can use to restore this image.<br><br>
1448
1449 Before, up to <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD 2.6.0</b>, the process to create an automated restore DVD required entering command line prompt and writing some commands, that can be uncomfortable or even difficult for many people.<br><br>
1450
1451 Later, a TUI option to create an automated recovery disc was added to <b>Clonezilla Live</b>, and <b>ocs-iso</b> script included in <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD 3.1.0</b> and newer has a TUI too. Old command-line options are no longer supported. This page walks you through the creation of an automated restore DVD via TUI.<br><br>
1452
1453 Assuming you have saved your image file <font color="Green"><b>win_img</b></font> in partition <font color="Green"><b>hdb4</b></font>, you have to boot <b>Clonezilla Live</b>, using <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b>.</p>
1454
1455 <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/info.png"></td><td>
1456 The following pressentation has been made using<br><b>Clonezilla Live v 1.2.3-27</b>
1457 </td></tr></table></div>
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463 <H2><a name="dvd"></a>Creating the disk image <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
1464
1465 <H3><a name="rui-0"></a>Clonezilla-SysRescCD starting screen [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1466
1467 <p>If you're fine with US keymap and English language (available languages are English, Spanish, French, Italian, Japanese and Chinese [both simplified and traditional]) or don't mind editing the boot parameters, just select <b>Clonezilla Live</b> at the starting screen and press ENTER. When the system comes up, it will load the program that will preform the backup. After that continue from <a href="#rui-4">this step</a>.</p>
1468
1469 <p>If you need to change these settings, select one of the available <b>Clonezilla Live</b> menu entries, and press <font color="Green"><b>TAB</b></font>. The current boot parameters will be displayed.</p>
1470
1471 <p>The default parameters for booting <b>Clonezilla Live</b> on a 1024x768 screen, are the following:</p>
1472
1473 <p class="newcode">append initrd=/live/initrd1.img boot=live union=aufs<br>
1474 &nbsp;&nbsp;ocs_live_run="ocs-live-general" ocs_live_extra_param=""<br>
1475 &nbsp;&nbsp;ocs_prerun="/live/image/restorecd/prerun.normal" ocs_live_batch="no"<br>
1476 &nbsp;&nbsp;ocs_lang="<font color="Red">en_US.UTF-8</font>" ocs_live_keymap="<font color="Red">NONE</font>" vga=791 nolocales</p>
1477
1478 <p>By deleting the words in red, you instruct <b>Clonezilla Live</b> to ask you the values of these parameters. When the appropriate changes have been done (as shown bellow), just press <font color="Green"><b>ENTER</b></font> to boot.</p>
1479
1480 <p class="newcode">append initrd=/live/initrd1.img boot=live union=aufs<br>
1481 &nbsp;&nbsp;ocs_live_run="ocs-live-general" ocs_live_extra_param=""<br>
1482 &nbsp;&nbsp;ocs_prerun="/live/image/restorecd/prerun.normal" ocs_live_batch="no"<br>
1483 &nbsp;&nbsp;ocs_lang="" ocs_live_keymap="" vga=791 nolocales</p>
1484 </p>
1485
1486 <H3><a name="rui-1"></a>Screen "Choose Language" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1487
1488 <p><img src="images/backup-00.png"><br>
1489 I select "<font color="Red"><b>en_US.UTF-8 English</b></font>" and press ENTER.</p>
1490
1491 <H3><a name="rui-2"></a>Screen "Configuring console-data" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1492
1493 <p><img src="images/backup-01.png"><br>
1494 I select "<font color="Red"><b>Select keymap from full list</b></font>" and press ENTER. If you're using US keymap, the default option "<font color="Red"><b>Don't touch keymap</b></font>" is a better choice.</p>
1495
1496 <H3><a name="rui-3"></a>Screen "Configuring console-data" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1497
1498 <p><img src="images/backup-02.png"><br>
1499 Because I haven't changed my keyboard, I select "<font color="Red"><b>pc / qwerty / Finnish / Standard / Standard</b></font>". Because you most likely use a different keyboard, choose the one you use.</p>
1500
1501 <H3><a name="rui-4"></a>Screen "Start Clonezilla" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1502
1503 <p><img src="images/backup-03.png"><br>
1504 I select "<font color="Red"><b>Start Clonezilla</b></font>" and press ENTER.
1505 </p>
1506
1507 <H3><a name="rui-5"></a>Screen "Clonezilla" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1508
1509 <p><img src="images/backup-04.png"><br>
1510 I select "<font color="Red"><b>device-image</b></font>" and press ENTER.<br> <br>
1511 </p>
1512
1513 <H3><a name="rui-6"></a>Screen "Mount clonezilla image directory" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1514
1515 <p>In this screen I can select the way the image file directory has been saved.
1516 Available options are local directory, remote directory through <b>ssh</b>, <b>samba</b> or <b>nfs</b> and <b>skip</b>, to use the previously used directory. More info about the image file can be found at section "<a href="clonezilla.html#about">About the Image file</a>".<br>
1517 <br>
1518 <img src="images/backup-05.png"><br>
1519 I select "<font color="Red"><b>local_dev</b></font>" and press ENTER.
1520 </p>
1521
1522 <H3><a name="rui-7"></a>Next screen [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1523
1524 <p>This is where I choose the location of the image file.<br><br>
1525 <img src="images/restore-06.png"><br>
1526 I select partition <font color="Red"><b>hda1</b></font> and press ENTER.<br>
1527 <br>
1528 <img src="images/backup-07.png"><br>
1529 and then ENTER again.</p>
1530
1531 <p><img src="images/restore-08.png"><br>
1532 This screen displays the mounting result.<br>
1533 As we can see, <font color="Red"><b>/dev/hda1</b></font> has been successfully mounted under <b>/tmp/local-dev</b>.</p>
1534
1535 <H3><a name="rui-7a"></a>Next Screen [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1536
1537 <p><img src="images/backup-09.png"><br>
1538 I select <font color="Red"><b>Beginer mode</b></font> to accept the default restore options, which are used if the recovery disk is ever used. If you select <font color="Red"><b>Expert mode</b></font>, you can choose the options yourself. More details can be found <a href="clonezilla.html#restore-options" target="_blank">here</a>.</p>
1539
1540 <H3><a name="rui-8"></a>Screen "Clonezilla: Select mode" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1541
1542 <p>Here I can select the desired operation.<br>
1543 <br>
1544 <img src="images/restore-10.png"><br>
1545 I select "<font color="Red"><b>recovery-iso-zip</b></font>" and press ENTER.<br> <br></p>
1546
1547 <H3><a name="rui-9"></a>Next Screen [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1548
1549 <p><img src="images/restore-11.png"><br>
1550 In this screen I select the image folder. This partition contains only one image.</p>
1551
1552 <H3><a name="rui-10"></a>Next Screen [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1553
1554 <p><img src="images/restore-12.png"><br>
1555 Now I am asked to select which disk the image will be restored to, if the recovery disc is used. Because this image is a backup, I choose the same disk where the original data resides. If you're upgrading your hard drive, choose the new drive.</p>
1556
1557 <H3><a name="rui-11"></a>Next Screen [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1558
1559 <p><img src="images/restore-13.png"><br>
1560 In this screen I can select the language that the recovery disc uses. I choose "<font color="Red"><b>en_US.UTF-8</b></font>".</p>
1561
1562 <H3><a name="rui-12"></a>Next Screen [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1563
1564 <p><img src="images/restore-14.png"><br>
1565 This screen allows me to select the keymap that the recovery disc uses. Unfortunately, changing the keymap requires knowing where the keymap file resides in Debian GNU/Linux. Because I don't know it, I just press ENTER to accept US keymap.</p>
1566
1567 <H3><a name="rui-13"></a>Next Screen [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1568
1569 <p><img src="images/restore-15.png"><br>
1570 I select "<font color="Red"><b>iso</b></font>" to create a CD/DVD disk image which I can burn to a recordable CD/DVD disc. The good thing about recordable discs is that overwriting the backup by accident is impossible. The "<font color="Red"><b>zip</b></font>" option creates a ZIP file which can be used to create a bootable pendrive or external hard drive.</p>
1571
1572 <p><img src="images/restore-16.png"><br>
1573 Then the program will display the command that will be executed and will ask me to press ENTER.</p>
1574
1575 <p><a name="dl-dvd"></a><img src="images/cust-menu-01.png"><br>
1576 Due to limitations of <b>mkisofs</b>, the script can't create a ISO file which is over 4,5 gigabytes in size. It causes problems if the size of your image is over 4,4 gigabytes. <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> contains a workaround that creates a ISO file that contains no image, so you can add the image manually later. This dialog asks if you want to do so. Note that if you see this dialog, you most likely need a dual layer DVD+R or Blu-ray disc to burn the image. <b>Growisofs</b> doesn't support multisession burning on dual layer DVD-R discs, so such disc can't be used either.</p>
1577
1578 <H3><a name="rui-14"></a>Screen "Customization section" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1579
1580 <p><img src="images/cust-menu-02.png"><br>
1581 Now I am asked if I want to customize the boot menu of the disc. I answer "<font color="Red"><b>Yes</b></font>". If you don't want to customize the menu, continue from <a href="#rui-22">this step</a>.</p>
1582
1583 <H3><a name="rui-15"></a>Screen "DVD Title" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1584
1585 <p><img src="images/cust-menu-03.png"><br>
1586 In this screen I select the title of the boot menu. I type "Home PC Restore DVD".</p>
1587
1588 <H3><a name="rui-16"></a>Screen "Menu Items Caption" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1589
1590 <p><img src="images/cust-menu-04.png"><br>
1591 This screen allows me to select the caption for all menu items. I enter "Restore Win XP".</p>
1592
1593 <H3><a name="rui-17"></a>Screen "Boot delay" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1594
1595 <p><img src="images/cust-menu-05.png"><br>
1596 I press ENTER to accept the default delay of 30 seconds. It means that when a computer is booted from the restore disc, it waits 30 seconds before choosing the default option automatically. You may want to reduce this delay if, for example, your keyboard doesn't work in boot menu and you must wait until the delay ends.</p>
1597
1598 <H3><a name="rui-18"></a>Screen "Default Boot Item" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1599
1600 <p><img src="images/cust-menu-06.png"><br>
1601 In this screen I can select the default option of the menu. Selecting one of the options that restore the image makes using the disc even easier, but also raises the risk that the image is restored accidentally. Another reason to select such option may be that your keyboard doesn't work in boot menu, preventing you from choosing any non-default option. I select the first option that restores the image using pixel dimensions of 1024*768.</p>
1602
1603 <H3><a name="rui-19"></a>Screen "Boot Screen Image" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1604
1605 <p><img src="images/cust-menu-07.png"><br>
1606 This screen allows me to select the background picture of the menu. Note that the picture must be in the same partition that contains the disk image, if you don't mind entering command line and mounting the right partition manually. I choose picture <b><font color="Green">mysplash.png</font></b> in the root of the partition. Because the partition has been mounted in <b>/home/partimag</b>, the full path of the picture is <b>/home/partimag/<font color="Green">mysplash.png</font></b>.</p>
1607
1608 <H3><a name="rui-20"></a>Screen "ISO Label" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1609
1610 <p><img src="images/cust-menu-08.png"><br>
1611 In this screen I can select the volume label of the disc. Volume label is the name of the disc you may see in various situations, for example in the notification you see when you insert the disc into your DVD writer. I type "Backup_52-2009_hdb".</p>
1612
1613 <H3><a name="rui-21"></a>Screen "Publisher ID" [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1614
1615 <p><img src="images/cust-menu-09.png"><br>
1616 This is where I choose the publisher ID of the ISO file and the disc. Publisher ID means the person or company who created the disc. However, at least in GNU/Linux reading the publisher ID is, strictly speaking, a challenge. <a href="http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/getting-volume-information-from-cds-iso-images/" target="_blank">Here</a> are instructions to read the publisher ID of a ISO file. I didn't find any working instructions to read the ID from the disc.</p>
1617
1618 <H3><a name="rui-22"></a>Starting the creation of the disk image [<a href="#restore-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1619
1620 <p><img src="images/restore-17.png"><br>
1621 After that, creation of the disk image begins. Note that no confirmation is asked it the disk image is small enough to fit to a CD.
1622 <br>
1623 <br>
1624 <img src="images/cust-menu-10.png">
1625 <br>
1626 If you have <a href="#dl-dvd">above</a> enabled the workaround to create a ISO file without any image, you get the info screen, which explains the actions to be taken in order to burn the ISO file and add the iamge file to the DVD. A script file is also saved as <b>/tmp/burnISO</b>.<br>
1627 <br>
1628 <img src="images/restore-18.png"><br>
1629 When the disk image is successfully created, I must reboot in order to burn the disc because my DVD burner is still in use. <b>Clonezilla Live</b> can be loaded into computer memory during boot in order to be able to burn disc(s) within it. However, due to a known bug, the disk image can't be created if <b>Clonezilla Live</b> has been loaded into memory. (<a href="http://free.nchc.org.tw/clonezilla-live/stable/Known-issues-Clonezilla-live.txt" target="_blank">source</a>) Thus, I press <font color="Red"><b>1</b></font> and ENTER to reboot to another operating system and burn the image using graphical burning program. For instructions, follow one of these links:<br>
1630 <br>
1631 <a href="restore-burn.html">If the ISO file contains the disk image</a><br>
1632 <a href="restore-burn.html#dvd-noimage">If the ISO file contains no image</a><br>
1633 <a href="restore-burn.html#zip">If you've created a ZIP file</a></p>
1634
1635
1636
1637 <a name="restore-burn-top"></a>
1638 <H2 style="font-size: 2em;"><a name="restore-burn-intro"></a>What to do with the disk image <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#restore-burn-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
1639 <p>The <a href="restore.html">previous page</a> contains partial instructions to create an automated recovery DVD. They're partial because they only tell how the disk image can be created, not what one should do with the image. Of course, partial instructions are not enough, but don't worry - this page is the other part.<br><br>
1640 Earlier versions of <b>Clonezilla Live</b> allowed creating the DVD without reboot, but it's no longer possible due to a known bug. The disk image can't be created if <b>Clonezilla Live</b> has been loaded into memory (<a href="http://free.nchc.org.tw/clonezilla-live/stable/Known-issues-Clonezilla-live.txt" target="_blank">source</a>) and the image can't be burned to disc if <b>Clonezilla Live</b> isn't in memory. And if the computer must be rebooted anyway, it's a good idea to use one's favorite operating system and a graphical burning program for burning the disc. Doing so also allows reading these instructions while burning the disc.<br><br>
1641 This page walks through burning the disc by using <b>ImgBurn</b> and <b>K3b</b>. The instructions can be adapted for many other burning programs as well. If your burning program is too different, download either of the programs mentioned - they both can be downloaded for free.<br><br>
1642 In addition to a DVD, bootable pendrive or external hard drive can be created as well. If you want to do so, follow instructions <a href="#zip">below</a>.<br><br>
1643 Before following these instructions, insert a writable DVD or Blu-ray disc to your burner.</p>
1644 <H2><a name="dvd"></a>Burning the disc <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#restore-burn-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
1645 <H3><a name="dvd-image"></a>If the ISO file contains the disk image [<a href="#restore-burn-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1646 <H4><a name="dvd-imgburn"></a>Using ImgBurn [<a href="#restore-burn-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H4>
1647 <p><a href="http://www.imgburn.com/" target="_blank">ImgBurn</a> is a lightweight but very feature-rich disc burning program. It only requires about two megabytes disk space and contains <a href="http://cynthia.ownit.nu/ImgBurn/guide_settings/settings01a.png" target="_blank">a lot of settings</a>. <b>ImgBurn</b> is closed-source freeware and - unfortunately - Windows-only software. I (Jyrki) personally use <b>ImgBurn</b> when burning discs within Windows.<br><br>
1648 Launch <b>ImgBurn</b> and press <b>Write image file to disc</b>. Select the disk image you just created.<br><br>
1649 At the settings window, keep <b>Test Mode</b> disabled. I also recommend keeping the <b>Verify</b> option enabled. Verifying the integrity of the disc after burning requires time and doesn't prevent the disc from becoming a so-called coaster, but it allows you to know immediately if the burning attempt failed, so you can try burning the disc again.<br><br>
1650 Keep the number of copies as 1 (or increase it, if you really want multiple copies of the disc). Use your best judgment while choosing the burning speed: according to <a href="http://club.myce.com/f33/high-speed-vs-low-speed-burning-69698/" target="_blank">this forum thread</a> lowering the burning speed gives very mixed results in quality. I personally use ¾ of the maximum speed of the disc, for example 12x on a disc rated 16x.<br><br>
1651 After choosing the settings, press the big picture at the bottom-left of the window. Don't do anything that requires much computer resources while burning, because doing so increases the likelihood of burning failure.<br><br>
1652 That's it. You own now an automated recovery disc.</p>
1653 <H4><a name="dvd-k3b"></a>Using K3b [<a href="#restore-burn-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H4>
1654 <p><a href="http://k3b.plainblack.com/" target="_blank">K3b</a> (KDE Burn Baby Burn) is the disc burning program included in KDE Software Compilation. It comes with most, if not all, KDE-based GNU/Linux distributions. It can also be installed on other distributions, but I recommend <i>against</i> doing so - <b>K3b</b> requires KDE base packages to be installed, and it doesn't make much sense to install KDE base only for <b>K3b</b>.<br><br>
1655 <img src="images/k3b-00.png"><br>
1656 I launch <b>K3b</b> and navigate to the folder where the disk image resides.<br><br>
1657 <img src="images/k3b-01.png"><br>
1658 I double-click the file <b>clonezilla-live-<font color="Green">Backup_5-2010_hda</font>.iso</b>.<br><br>
1659 <img src="images/k3b-02.png"><br>
1660 This window allows me to choose burning settings. I don't touch <b>Image Type</b> or <b>Burn Medium</b>, because they're auto-detected anyway. The maximum burning speed allowed by the disc is 16x, so I choose speed 12x. According to <a href="http://club.myce.com/f33/high-speed-vs-low-speed-burning-69698/" target="_blank">this forum thread</a> low burning speed can decrease burning quality, so I always use speed near the maximum speed of the disc.<br><br>
1661 I keep <b>Writing Mode</b> as Auto and number of copies as 1. I also keep the <b>Simulate</b> option disabled and enable the <b>Verify written data</b> option. The latter allows me to notice immediately if the burning attempt failed, so I can try burning the disc again, rather than owning a so-called coaster and relying on it if something happens to my data...<br><br>
1662 <img src="images/k3b-03.png"><br>
1663 I click <b>Start</b> and the burning process begins.<br><br>
1664 <img src="images/k3b-04.png"><br>
1665 Because I enabled the <b>Verify written data</b> option, <b>K3b</b> starts verifying the integrity of the disc right after burning.<br><br>
1666 <img src="images/k3b-05.png"><br>
1667 The burning attempt succeeded.<br><br>
1668 <H3><a name="dvd-noimage"></a>If the ISO file contains no image [<a href="#restore-burn-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
1669 <p>If you have enabled the workaround to create a ISO file that contains no disk image (required if the size of the image is over 4,4 gigabytes), things become much more problematic. The ISO file and the image can't be burned to the disc simultaneously, they must be written one-by-one. That requires two burning sessions: the first for writing the ISO file to the disc and the second for adding the disk image. Many burning programs don't even support multisession burning at all. About the programs I've mentioned in this page: <b>K3b</b> supports multisession burning, <b>ImgBurn</b> doesn't.<br><br>
1670 I didn't find any instructions for adding an additional file to a spesific directory by using <b>K3b</b>. Actually, I don't even know if that's possible at all. Thus, I recommend using <b>growisofs</b> for burning the disc if the workaround has been enabled, because <b>growisofs</b> allows adding any file to any directory. However, there's one more limitation: <b>growisofs</b> doesn't support multisession burning on dual layer DVD-R discs, so you must use dual layer DVD+R or Blu-ray disc. (<a href="http://fy.chalmers.se/~appro/linux/DVD+RW/-RW/#nomultisess" target="_blank">source</a>)<br><br>
1671 <b>Growisofs</b> is a command-line program and a part of <b>dvd+rw-tools</b> that is installed on most GNU/Linux distributions. <b>Dvd+rw-tools</b> is Linux-only software, so if you use a competing operating system, you must boot into <b>SystemRescueCD</b> (graphical mode is not needed) in order to burn the disc.<br><br>
1672 Open terminal and mount the partition that contains the image. The commands below must be run as root.</p>
1673 <p class="newcode">mkdir /media/usb<br>
1674 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc1</font> /media/usb</p>
1675 <p><b>Note:</b> How a command can be run as root depends on the GNU/Linux distribution you use. If it's Ubuntu or a distro based on it, simply put "<b>sudo</b>" above the command. For example, the latter of the above commands can be executed by typing "<b>sudo mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc1</font> /media/usb</b>". If you're using <b>SystemRescueCD</b>, all commands are run as root, so you don't need to add any prefix to the commands.</p>
1676 <p><b>Note:</b> In the command replace <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sdc1</font></b> with the partition where the disk image resides. It's the same partition you mounted as <b>/home/partimag</b> when creating the image.</p>
1677 <p>Go to root of the partition:</p>
1678 <p class="newcode">cd /media/usb</p>
1679 <p>Burn the ISO file to the disc:</p>
1680 <p class="newcode">growisofs -Z /dev/dvd=clonezilla-live-<font color="Green">Backup_5-2010_hdb</font>.iso</p>
1681 <p><b>Note:</b> In the last command I have assumed your ISO file is <b>clonezilla-live-<font color="Green">Backup_5-2010_hdb</font>.iso</b>. You will have to replace this with the actual name of the file.</p>
1682 <p><b>Note:</b> If your computer has multiple DVD drives, replace <b>/dev/dvd</b> with the name of your DVD writer.</p>
1683 <p>The disc must be ejected because it's the only known way to force the drive to reread the disc. Do it:</p>
1684 <p class="newcode">eject /dev/dvd</p>
1685 <p><b>Note:</b> If your drive can't reload the disc, insert the disc back right after ejecting it.</p>
1686 <p>Finally, add the image file to the disc:</p>
1687 <p class="newcode">growisofs -M /dev/dvd -R -J -V "<font color="Green">Backup_5-2010_hdb</font>" --publisher "<font color="Green">Your Name</font>" -graft-points /<font color="Green">Backup_5-2010_hdb</font>/=/media/usb/<font color="Green">Backup_5-2010_hdb</font></p>
1688 <p><b>Note:</b> In the command replace <b><font color="Green">Your Name</font></b> with anything you want to be the publisher ID of the disc. If you don't want the disc to have any publisher ID, run this command instead:</p>
1689 <p class="newcode">growisofs -M /dev/dvd -R -J -V "