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Revision 183 - (hide annotations)
Mon Jul 4 13:31:17 2011 UTC (9 years, 10 months ago) by sng
File MIME type: text/html
File size: 32341 byte(s)
- Fixing a misplaced cd command in usb.html
- Adding a basic tutorial (basic-vi.html)
- Updating trunk site

1 sng 28 <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
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6     <title>Clonezilla-SysRescCD - Documentation: Installing on USB</title>
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85     WARNING<br>
86 sng 146 This is the UNSTABLE version of Clonezilla-SysRescCD<br>
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91 sng 28 <H2>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</H2>
92     <H3>Documentation: Installing on USB</H3>
93     <div style="margin:0; padding: 3px; width: 980; position relative;">
94 sng 172 <div style="position: absolute; left: 0px;"><H4>30/06/2011 - v 3.2.0</H4></div>
95 sng 183 <div style="position: absolute; right: 0px;"><H4>Last update: 04/07/2011</H4></div>
96 sng 28 </div>
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103 sng 95 <a href="download.html">Download</a>
104 sng 28 <a href="screenshots.html">Screenshots</a>
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113 sng 28 </div>
114     <div id="contarea">
115     <div id="content">
116     <a name="usb-top"></a>
117    
118    
119     <!-- Intro -->
120    
121     <H2 style="margin-top: 0;"><a name="usb-intro"></a>Installation to USB made easy <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
122     <p>Until recently installing <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> on a USB disk would not be such a great idea, because of its size. But since USB devices become cheaper and cheaper, it is an interesting alternative.<br><br>
123     <!--emty-line-->
124     Starting with <b>version 3.1.0</b>, <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> provides an iso file that's ISO-Hybrided. This means (as we read at <a href="http://syslinux.zytor.com/wiki/index.php/Doc/isolinux#HYBRID_CD-ROM.2FHARD_DISK_MODE" target="_blank">the isolynux site</a>) that</p>
125     <!--emty-line-->
126     <p class="otherpage">"the iso file can be booted from either CD-ROM or from a device which BIOS considers a hard disk or ZIP disk, e.g. a USB key or similar. This image can then be copied using any raw disk writing tool (on Unix systems, typically "dd" or "cat") to a USB disk, or written to a CD-ROM using standard CD burning tools.<br>
127     <br>
128     The ISO 9660 filesystem is encapsulated in a partition (which starts at offset zero, which may confuse some systems.) This makes it possible for the operating system, once booted, to use the remainder of the device for persistent storage by creating a second partition."</p>
129    
130     <!--emty-line-->
131     <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/important.png"></td><td>
132     Incorrect use of any raw disk writing tool could cause your<br> operating system (GNU/Linux / Windows) <b>not to boot</b>.<br><br> Confirm the command before you run it.<br></td></tr></table></div>
133    
134     <p>So, from any linux box, assuming <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> iso file is in your home directory, and your USB device name is <b><font color="Green">sdc4</font></b>, you just execute the commands:</p>
135    
136     <p class="newcode">umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
137 sng 141 dd if=~/clonezilla-sysresccd-full-mod-3.2.0.iso of=/dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font> bs=512</p>
138 sng 28
139     <p>And that's it. Your usb device is ready to boot!!!</p>
140    
141    
142     <H2><a name="usb-hard"></a>Installing the "hard" way <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
143     <!--emty-line-->
144     <p>If the "easy" way does not work there is an alternative; you will use the <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> ISO file (or CD) to copy and modify a couple of files on the USB disk, and finally make it bootable, using <a href="http://syslinux.zytor.com" target="_blank">syslinux</a> and its configuration file <b>syslinux.cfg</b>.</p>
145     <!--emty-line-->
146     <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/important.png"></td><td>
147     Incorrect use of syslinux could cause your operating system<br> (GNU/Linux / Windows) <b>not to boot</b>.<br><br> Confirm the command before you run it.<br></td></tr></table></div>
148     <!--emty-line-->
149     <p>The only thing that's important is that your USB disk must contain a VFAT (Windows 98 or DOS) file system. If this is not the case, refer to the section "<a href="#trouble">Troubleshooting</a>", to find out how you can format it, before copying files to it.<br><br>
150     <!--emty-line-->
151     The bootable USB disk creation procedure can be performed either from Linux or Windows.</p>
152     <!-- note -->
153     <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/info.png"></td><td>
154     If you want to create a bootable USB flash drive for this version<br>
155     or later, remember to use the syslinux command from <b>syslinux<br>
156     3.71 or later</b>. Otherwise the boot menu won't work.</td></tr></table></div>
157     <!-- Installation from Linux -->
158     <H3><a name="linux"></a>Installation from Linux <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
159     <p>There are two ways you can proceed, if you are going to use Linux to perform the USB installation, either using a running linux box, or using <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b>.<br><br>
160     <!--emty-line-->
161     I will assume that you have saved <b>clonezilla-sysresccd-full-mod-3.1.0.iso</b> in your home directory (<b><font color="Green">~</font></b>).</p>
162     <!--emty-line-->
163     <H3><a name="lin-box"></a>Using a linux box [<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
164     <p>If you already have a linux box up and running, you can use it to create your <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> USB, without even having to burn it to CD beforehand. The only thing here is that you have to have <a href="http://syslinux.zytor.com" target="_blank">syslinux</a> installed.<br><br>
165     <!--emty-line-->
166     I will assume that your CD drive is <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sr0</font></b> and that your USB device is <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></b>. You may have to change any of them to reflect your system configuration.<br><br>
167     <!--emty-line-->
168     Boot into linux, connect your USB device and execute the following commands:</p>
169     <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/mycd<br>
170     mount <font color="Green">~</font>/clonezilla-sysresccd-full-mod-3.1.0.iso /mnt/mycd -o loop<br>
171     mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
172     mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font> /mnt/usbdevice<br>
173     cp -r /mnt/mycd/* /mnt/usbdevice<br>
174     umount /mnt/mycd; rmdir /mnt/mycd<br>
175     cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
176 sng 181 cp syslinux/*.cfg isolinux<br>
177     cp syslinux/*.png isolinux<br>
178     rm -rf syslinux<br>
179     mv isolinux syslinux</p>
180     <!--emty-line-->
181     <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/important.png"></td><td>
182     Since you are using any linux box to complete this procedure,<br>you have to use the syslinux installation provided by this linux box.<br><br>Otherwise, you will probably end up with an unbootable device...</td></tr></table></div>
183    
184     <p>First thing you have to do is find where syslinux is installed. The best way to do that is look for a file named <b>vesamenu.c32</b>. You can use locate, find, or any other distribution specific tool for that. In Debian (and its derivatives like Ubuntu, LMDE etc.) this file is under <font color="Green"><b>/usr/lib/syslinux</b></font>, so I'll just use that for the following code.</p>
185    
186     <p class="newcode">cd syslinux<br>
187     for f in *.c32<br>
188     do<br>
189     cp -v <font color="Green"><b>/usr/lib/syslinux</b></font>/$f .<br>
190 sng 183 done<br>
191     cd ..</p>
192 sng 181
193     <p>In either case, unmount the device and delete the mount point (directory).</p>
194    
195     <p class="newcode">cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
196 sng 28 rmdir /mnt/usbdevice</p>
197     <!--emty-line-->
198     <p>Finally make your USB device bootable, by executing</p>
199     <p class="newcode">syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
200     <p>and you are done.</p>
201     <!--emty-line-->
202     <H4><a name="lin-sys"></a>Using Clonezilla-SysRescCD [<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H4>
203     <p>If you already burnt <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> to CD, you can use it to create your <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> USB.<br><br>
204     <!--emty-line-->
205     I will assume that your CD drive is <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sr0</font></b> and that your USB device is <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></b>. You may have to change any of them to reflect your system configuration.<br><br>
206     <!--emty-line-->
207     Boot <b>SystemRescueCD </b> using the option <b>To RAM</b>, and when it is fully loaded, execute the following commands:</p>
208     <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/mycd<br>
209     mount /dev/<font color="Green">sr0</font> /mnt/mycd <br>
210     mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
211     mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font> /mnt/usbdevice<br>
212 sng 181 cp -rv /mnt/mycd/* /mnt/usbdevice<br>
213 sng 28 umount /mnt/mycd<br>
214     cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
215 sng 181 cp syslinux/*.cfg isolinux<br>
216     cp syslinux/*.png isolinux<br>
217     rm -rf syslinux<br>
218     mv isolinux syslinux<br>
219 sng 28 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
220     <!--emty-line-->
221     <p>Finally make your USB device bootable, by executing</p>
222     <p class="newcode">syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
223     <p>and you are done.</p>
224    
225    
226     <!-- Installation from Windows -->
227     <H3><a name="windows"></a>Installation from Windows <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
228     <p>Installing <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> from Windows is as easy as it is in Linux. You have to burn <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> to CD or use a CD/DVD ROM emulator software like <a href="http://www.daemon-tools.cc/dtcc/announcements.php" target="_blank">Daemon Tools</a> to mount the ISO file.<br><br>
229     <!--emty-line-->
230     I will assume that your USB device is drive <b><font color="Green">K:</font></b> and your CD drive or mounted ISO file is drive
231     <b><font color="Green">D:</font></b>. You may have to change any of them, in order to reflect your system configuration.<br><br>
232    
233     You will have to</p>
234    
235     <ul>
236     <li>Copy all files from drive <b><font color="Green">D:</font></b> (CD or mounted ISO file) to drive <b><font color="Green">K:</font></b> (USB disk)</li>
237 sng 181 <li>Copy <b><u>all</u> cfg</b> files from <b><font color="Green">K:\</font>syslinux</b> to <b><font color="Green">K:\</font>isolinux</b></li>
238     <li>Copy <b><u>all</u> png</b> files from <b><font color="Green">K:\</font>syslinux</b> to <b><font color="Green">K:\</font>isolinux</b></li>
239     <li>Delete the folder <b><font color="Green">K:\</font>syslinux</b></li>
240     <li>Rename <b><font color="Green">K:\</font>isolinux</b> to <b><font color="Green">K:\</font>syslinux</b></li>
241 sng 28 </ul>
242     <p>Now all you have to do is make your USB disk bootable. In order to do that you have to open a DOS window (in Windows XP press "<b>Start / Run </b>" and type <b>cmd</b>). Then type at DOS prompt:</p>
243     <p class="newcode"><font color="Green">K:</font><br>
244 sng 149 cd utils/bootprog<br>
245 sng 28 syslinux -ma <font color="Green">K:</font></p>
246    
247     <!-- Booting from USB -->
248     <H3><a name="booting"></a>Booting from USB <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
249     <p>Before trying to boot from your USB device, you have to set your boot device at your BIOS. This means you have to reboot having your USB device connected, get into your BIOS (usually pressing DEL) and make the appropriate settings in the BOOT section.<br><br>
250     <!--emty-line-->
251     Booting <b>Clonezilla Live</b> should not be a problem. Just select the desired option and press ENTER to boot.<br><br>
252     <!--emty-line-->
253     Booting <b>SystemRescueCD</b> has been made equally simple with <b>SystemRescueCD v 1.0.0</b>, so you shouldn't have any problem (option <b>cdroot</b> is not required any more).<br><br>
254     <!--emty-line-->
255     If you have any problems here, you may try adding any of these boot parameters:</p>
256     <p class="newcode">usbstick<br>
257     doscsi</p>
258    
259    
260    
261    
262     <!-- Troubleshooting -->
263     <H3><a name="trouble"></a>Troubleshooting <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
264     <p>Whether you can successfully boot from a USB disk or not, depends mainly on your BIOS. Chances are that you will not be able to boot on an old computer, with an old (and possibly buggy) BIOS. So I would recommend testing your <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD USB</b> on a new computer.</p>
265     <ul>
266     <li><p style="margin-left: 0;"><b>I can't boot (I don't even see the splash screen)</b><br>
267     or <b>Clonezilla Live does not boot</b><br>
268     <!--emty-line-->
269     The first thing you should do is double check your BIOS settings. Reboot having your USB device connected, get into your BIOS (usually pressing DEL) and make the appropriate settings in the BOOT section.<br><br>
270     <!--emty-line-->
271     If you are on linux, check that the partition on the USB disk is active (bootable), executing:</p>
272     <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">fdisk -l /dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font></p>
273     <p style="margin-left: 0;">You should get something similar to this:</p>
274     <!--emty-line-->
275 sng 77
276     <p class="newcode">
277 sng 181 Disk <font color="Green">/dev/sdc</font>: 4043 MB, 4043309056 bytes<br>
278     125 heads, 62 sectors/track, 1018 cylinders, total 7897088 sectors<br>
279     Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes<br>
280     Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes<br>
281     I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes<br>
282     Disk identifier: 0x596bbd85<br>
283 sng 77 <br>
284 sng 181 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Device&nbsp;<font color="Red">Boot</font>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Start&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;End&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Blocks&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Id&nbsp;&nbsp;System<br>
285     /dev/sdc1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<font color="Red">*</font>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;63&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;1461914&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;730926&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;b&nbsp;&nbsp;W95&nbsp;FAT32
286 sng 77 </p>
287 sng 28 <!--emty-line-->
288 sng 181 <p style="margin-left: 0;"><br>If the partition is not active (<b>no asterisk</b>), execute:</p>
289 sng 28 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">fdisk /dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font></p>
290     <p style="margin-left: 0;">and issue "Command: " <b>a</b> (toggle a bootable flag) and "Partition number:" <b><font color="Green">4</font></b> (for <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></b>).<br><br>
291     <!--emty-line-->
292     If you are on Windows, this is taken care of by syslinux (parameters -ma).<br><br>
293     <!--emty-line-->
294     If you still have problems booting, you should try to execute</p>
295     <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">syslinux -s /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
296     <p style="margin-left: 0;">from Linux, or</p>
297     <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">syslinux -sma <font color="Green">K:</font></p>
298     <p style="margin-left: 0;">from Windows (from folder <b><font color="Green">K:</font>syslinux</b>).<br><br>
299     <!--emty-line-->
300     syslinux man page reads:</p>
301     <!--emty-line-->
302     <p class="otherpage" style="margin-left: 0px;"><b>(Option) -s</b><br>
303     Install a "safe, slow and stupid" version of syslinux. This version may work <br>
304     on some very buggy BIOSes on which syslinux would otherwise fail. If you find <br>
305     a machine on which the -s option is required to make it boot reliably, please <br>
306     send as much info about your machine as you can, and include the failure mode.</p></li>
307     <!--emty-line-->
308     <li><p style="margin-left: 0;"><b>I still can't boot</b><br>
309     In this case you will have to format your USB disk.<br><br>
310     <!--emty-line-->
311     If you are using linux to perform the installation, execute the command:</p>
312 sng 77 <!--emty-line-->
313 sng 28 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">mkdosfs -F 16 /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
314 sng 77 <!--emty-line-->
315 sng 28 <p style="margin-left: 0;">to create a FAT16 file system, or</p>
316 sng 77 <!--emty-line-->
317 sng 28 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">mkdosfs -F 32 /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
318 sng 77 <!--emty-line-->
319 sng 28 <p style="margin-left: 0;">to create a FAT32 file system.<br><br>
320     <!--emty-line-->
321     When you are done go back to section "<a href="#linux">Installation from Linux</a>".<br><br>
322     <!--emty-line-->
323     If you are on Windows, you should download the <a href="http://h50178.www5.hp.com/local_drivers/17550/SP27608.exe" target="_blank">HP-USB Format tool</a>, install it and format your USB drive using the Fat or Fat32 option. This program can be used to format USB devices that won't boot properly when formatted with Windows format tool.<br><br>
324     <!--emty-line-->
325     When you are done go back to section "<a href="#windows">Installation from Windows</a>".</p></li>
326     <!--emty-line-->
327     <li><b>I still can't boot (after formating)</b><br>
328     Things are getting tough!!! Try to format your USB disk using the option you did not use previously. So, if you have created a FAT32 file system, create a FAT16 file system this time, and recreate <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> on USB.<br><br>
329     <!--emty-line-->
330     If nothing works, you are out of luck; you will not be able to use <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD USB</b> on this computer... If you do manage to boot it, please <a href="mailto:&#115;&#110;&#103;&#064;&#104;&#101;&#108;&#108;&#117;&#103;&#046;&#103;&#114;?subject=Success booting Clonezilla-SysRescCD v 3.1.0 USB">send me</a> a message.</li>
331     <!--emty-line-->
332     <li><b>SystemRescueCD does not boot</b><br>
333     Ok, you have managed to get to the splash screen and successfully booted <b>Clonezilla Live</b>. But you still can't boot <b>SystemRescueCD</b>.<br><br>
334     <!--emty-line-->
335     Refer to section <a href="#booting">Booting from USB</a> to find out the boot parameters you can use with <b>SystemRescueCD</b>.
336     </li>
337     </ul>
338    
339    
340     <!-- Customizing sysresc.cfg -->
341     <H3><a name="cfg"></a>Customizing sysresc.cfg <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
342     <p>As stated previously, <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD USB</b> is booted by <b>syslinux</b> through its configuration file <b>syslinux.cfg</b>. This file loads <b>sysresc.cfg</b> in order to boot <b>SystemRescueCD</b>.<br><br>
343     <!--emty-line-->
344     If you have to specify any additional boot parameters for <b>SystemRescueCD</b>, you may want to write these changes to the configuration file, so that you don't have to insert them by hand every time.<br><br>
345     <!--emty-line-->
346     The procedure to do that is the following:<br><br>
347     <!--emty-line-->
348 sng 181 Boot <b>SystemRescueCD</b> (or if that's not possible yet, boot <b>Clonezilla Live</b> and get to the command line) using the option <b>To RAM</b>, and when it is fully loaded, execute the following commands:</p>
349 sng 28 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
350     mount /dev/<font color="Green">[device]</font> /mnt/usbdevice <br>
351     cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
352     cp sysresc.cfg sysresc.bak<br>
353 sng 181 sed 's|<font color="Red">scandelay=5</font>|<font color="Red">scandelay=<font color="Green">x</font> [additional params]</font>|' \<br>
354 sng 28 sysresc.cfg &gt; sys.cfg<br>
355     mv sys.cfg sysresc.cfg<br>
356     cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">[device]</font><br>
357     syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">[device]</font><br>
358     reboot</p>
359     <!--emty-line-->
360     <p>where <b><font color="Green">x</font></b> is a number from 1 to 10.</p>
361     <!--emty-line-->
362     <p>After executing these commands, you will have a new <b>sysresc.cfg</b> file, and a backup file called <b>sysresc.bak</b> (in case things go wrong).<br><br>
363     <!--emty-line-->
364     If, for example, you want to increase the device scan delay to maximum, the above commands would become:</p>
365     <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
366 sng 181 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc1</font> /mnt/usbdevice <br>
367 sng 28 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
368     cp sysresc.cfg sysresc.bak<br>
369     sed 's|<font color="Red">scandelay=5</font>|<font color="Red">scandelay=<font color="Green">10</font></font>|' sysresc.cfg &gt; sys.cfg<br>
370     mv sys.cfg sysresc.cfg<br>
371 sng 181 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc1</font><br>
372     syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">sdc1</font><br>
373 sng 28 reboot</p>
374     <!--emty-line-->
375     <p>If, in addition to that, you had to use the boot parameter <b><font color="Red">usbstick</font></b>, then it would be:</p>
376     <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
377 sng 181 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc1</font> /mnt/usbdevice <br>
378 sng 28 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
379     cp sysresc.cfg sysresc.bak<br>
380     sed 's|<font color="Red">scandelay=5</font>|<font color="Red">scandelay=<font color="Green">10</font> usbstick</font>|' sysresc.cfg &gt; sys.cfg<br>
381     mv sys.cfg sysresc.cfg<br>
382 sng 181 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc1</font><br>
383     syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">sdc1</font><br>
384 sng 28 reboot</p>
385     <!--emty-line-->
386     <p>In case something goes wrong with your new settings, you can always rename <b>sysresc.bak</b> to <b>sysresc.cfg</b>, either from linux or Windows.</p>
387    
388    
389 sng 181 <H2><a name="usb-free-space"></a>Using the extra space <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
390    
391     <p>
392     If your usb device is more than 450MB in size, the above procedure will leave the remaining space unused. To verify it, execute the command:
393     </p>
394     <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">fdisk -l /dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font></p>
395    
396     <p style="margin-left: 0;">You should get something similar to this:</p>
397     <!--emty-line-->
398    
399     <p class="newcode">
400     Disk /dev/sdc: 4043 MB, 4043309056 bytes<br>
401     125 heads, 62 sectors/track, 1018 cylinders, total 7897088 sectors<br>
402     Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes<br>
403     Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes<br>
404     I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes<br>
405     Disk identifier: 0x596bbd85<br>
406     <br>
407     &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Device&nbsp;Boot&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Start&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;End&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Blocks&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Id&nbsp;&nbsp;System<br>
408     /dev/sdc1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;63&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;1461914&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;730926&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;b&nbsp;&nbsp;W95&nbsp;FAT32
409    
410     </p>
411     <p>
412     As you can see, we are currently using 1461914 out of 7897088 sectors of the disk. The remaining disk space (~3GB) can still be used, to save backups, for example, executing the following commands<!--not-on-txt--> (user input is displayed in <font color="magenta">magenta</font>, comments are in <font color="#990000">brown</font>)<!--end-not-on-txt-->:
413     </p>
414    
415     <p class="newcode">
416     # fdisk /dev/<font color="green">sdc</font><br>
417     command (m for help): <font color="magenta">n</font> <font color="#990000">(create new partition)</font><br>
418     command action<br>
419     e extended<br>
420     p primary partition (1-4)<br>
421     <font color="magenta">p</font><br>
422     partition number (1-4): <font color="magenta">4</font> <font color="#990000">(create partition sdc4)</font><br>
423     First sector (1461915-7897087, default 1461915): <br>
424     using default value 1461915<br>
425     Last sector, +sectors or +size{K,M,G} (1461915-7897087, default 7897087): <br>
426     using default value 7897087<br>
427     <br>
428     command (m for help): <font color="magenta">p</font> <font color="#990000">(display partition table)</font><br>
429     <br>
430     Disk /dev/sdd: 4043 MB, 4043309056 bytes<br>
431     125 heads, 62 sectors/track, 1018 cylinders, total 7897088 sectors<br>
432     Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes<br>
433     Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes<br>
434     I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes<br>
435     Disk identifier: 0x596bbd85<br>
436     <br>
437     /dev/sdc1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;63&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;1461914&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;730926&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;b&nbsp;&nbsp;W95&nbsp;FAT32
438     /dev/sdc4&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;1461915&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;7897087&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;3217586+&nbsp;&nbsp;83&nbsp;&nbsp;Linux
439     <br>
440     <br>
441     command (m for help): <font color="magenta">t</font> <font color="#990000">(change partition type)</font><br>
442     partition number (1-4): <font color="magenta">4</font><br>
443     hex code (type l to list codes): <font color="magenta">b</font><br>
444     changed system type of partition 4 to b (W95 FAT32)<br>
445     <br>
446     command (m for help): <font color="magenta">p</font> <font color="#990000">(display partition table)</font><br>
447     <br>
448     Disk /dev/sdd: 4043 MB, 4043309056 bytes<br>
449     125 heads, 62 sectors/track, 1018 cylinders, total 7897088 sectors<br>
450     Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes<br>
451     Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes<br>
452     I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes<br>
453     Disk identifier: 0x596bbd85<br>
454     <br>
455     &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;device&nbsp;boot&nbsp;&nbsp;start&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;end&nbsp;&nbsp;blocks&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;id&nbsp;&nbsp;system<br>
456     /dev/sdc1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;63&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;1461914&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;730926&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;b&nbsp;&nbsp;W95&nbsp;FAT32
457     /dev/sdc4&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;1461915&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;7897087&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;3217586+&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;b&nbsp;&nbsp;W95&nbsp;FAT32<br>
458     <br>
459     command (m for help): <font color="magenta">w</font> <font color="#990000">(write partition table to disk and exit)</font><br>
460     The partition table has been altered!<br>
461     <br>
462     Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.<br>
463     <br>
464     WARNING: Re-reading the partition table failed with error 16: Device or resource busy.<br>
465     The kernel still uses the old table. The new table will be used at<br>
466     the next reboot or after you run partprobe(8) or kpartx(8)<br>
467     Syncing disks.
468     </p>
469     <!--emty-line-->
470     <p>
471     At this point you should disconnect and reconnect your usb device. When it's recognised, you can format the partition you've just created
472     </p>
473     <!--emty-line-->
474     <p class="newcode">
475     mkdosfs -F 32 /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font>
476     </p>
477     <!--emty-line-->
478     <p>
479     The partition is now ready for use!!!
480     </p>
481 sng 28 </div>
482    
483    
484    
485     <!--<a name="template-top"></a>-->
486    
487     <div id="footer">
488 sng 37 <div id="docline-bottom"> <a href="">&lt; PREV</a> <a href="doc.html">UP</a> <a href="boot-params.html">NEXT &gt;</a> </div>
489 sng 180 <p>Copyright: &#169; <a href="mailto:&#115;&#110;&#103;&#064;&#104;&#101;&#108;&#108;&#117;&#103;&#046;&#103;&#114;?subject=About Clonezilla-SysRescCD v 3.2.0" title="About Clonezilla-SysRescCD">Spiros Georgaras</a>, 2007-2011 &amp; <a href="mailto:&#115;&#097;&#110;&#100;&#103;&#116;&#120;&#064;&#103;&#109;&#097;&#105;&#108;&#046;&#099;&#111;&#109;?subject=About Clonezilla-SysRescCD v 3.2.0 documentation" title="About Clonezilla-SysRescCD Documentation">Jyrki Vesterinen</a>, 2010-2011<br /><br/>
490 sng 129 Hosted by <a href="http://hellug.gr/index.php/OSullogos/Tautothta?from=Main.HELLUG" target="_blank" title="Hellenic Linux User Group">HEL.L.U.G.</a></p>
491 sng 28 </div>
492     </div>
493 sng 144 <div id="warning" align="center">
494     WARNING<br>
495 sng 146 This is the UNSTABLE version of Clonezilla-SysRescCD<br>
496 sng 149 To access our current stable version, please click <a href="../index.html">here</a>
497 sng 144 </div>
498 sng 28 </body>
499     </html>

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