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84 <div id="warning" align="center">
85 WARNING<br>
86 This is the UNSTABLE version of Clonezilla-SysRescCD<br>
87 To access our current stable version, please click <a href="../index.html">here</a>
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91 <H2>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</H2>
92 <H3>Documentation: Installing on USB</H3>
93 <div style="margin:0; padding: 3px; width: 980; position relative;">
94 <div style="position: absolute; left: 0px;"><H4>30/09/2010 - v 3.2.0</H4></div>
95 <div style="position: absolute; right: 0px;"><H4>Last update: 10/03/2011</H4></div>
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116 <a name="usb-top"></a>
117
118
119 <!-- Intro -->
120
121 <H2 style="margin-top: 0;"><a name="usb-intro"></a>Installation to USB made easy <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
122 <p>Until recently installing <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> on a USB disk would not be such a great idea, because of its size. But since USB devices become cheaper and cheaper, it is an interesting alternative.<br><br>
123 <!--emty-line-->
124 Starting with <b>version 3.1.0</b>, <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> provides an iso file that's ISO-Hybrided. This means (as we read at <a href="http://syslinux.zytor.com/wiki/index.php/Doc/isolinux#HYBRID_CD-ROM.2FHARD_DISK_MODE" target="_blank">the isolynux site</a>) that</p>
125 <!--emty-line-->
126 <p class="otherpage">"the iso file can be booted from either CD-ROM or from a device which BIOS considers a hard disk or ZIP disk, e.g. a USB key or similar. This image can then be copied using any raw disk writing tool (on Unix systems, typically "dd" or "cat") to a USB disk, or written to a CD-ROM using standard CD burning tools.<br>
127 <br>
128 The ISO 9660 filesystem is encapsulated in a partition (which starts at offset zero, which may confuse some systems.) This makes it possible for the operating system, once booted, to use the remainder of the device for persistent storage by creating a second partition."</p>
129
130 <!--emty-line-->
131 <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/important.png"></td><td>
132 Incorrect use of any raw disk writing tool could cause your<br> operating system (GNU/Linux / Windows) <b>not to boot</b>.<br><br> Confirm the command before you run it.<br></td></tr></table></div>
133
134 <p>So, from any linux box, assuming <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> iso file is in your home directory, and your USB device name is <b><font color="Green">sdc4</font></b>, you just execute the commands:</p>
135
136 <p class="newcode">umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
137 dd if=~/clonezilla-sysresccd-full-mod-3.2.0.iso of=/dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font> bs=512</p>
138
139 <p>And that's it. Your usb device is ready to boot!!!</p>
140
141
142 <H3><a name="usb-free-space"></a>Using the extra space <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
143
144 <p>
145 If your usb device is more than 400MB in size, the above command will leave the remaining space unused. To verify it, execute the command:
146 </p>
147 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">fdisk -l /dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font></p>
148
149 <p style="margin-left: 0;">You should get something similar to this:</p>
150 <!--emty-line-->
151
152 <p class="newcode">
153 Disk /dev/sdc: 1048 MB, 1048576000 bytes<br>
154 64 heads, 32 sectors/track, 1000 cylinders, total 2048000 sectors<br>
155 Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes<br>
156 Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes<br>
157 I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes<br>
158 Disk identifier: 0x77a5188f<br>
159 <br>
160 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Device&nbsp;Boot&nbsp;&nbsp;Start&nbsp;&nbsp;End&nbsp;&nbsp;Blocks&nbsp;&nbsp;Id&nbsp;&nbsp;System
161 /dev/sdc1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;1&nbsp;&nbsp;384&nbsp;&nbsp;393216&nbsp;&nbsp;17&nbsp;&nbsp;Hidden&nbsp;HPFS/NTFS
162 </p>
163 <p>
164 As you can see, we are currently using 348 out of 1000 cylinders of the disk. The remaining disk space (~600MB) can still be used, executing the following commands<!--not-on-txt--> (user input is displayed in <font color="magenta">magenta</font>, comments are in <font color="#990000">brown</font>)<!--end-not-on-txt-->:
165 </p>
166
167 <p class="newcode">
168 fdisk /dev/<font color="green">sdc</font><br>
169 command (m for help): <font color="magenta">n</font> <font color="#990000">(create new partition)</font><br>
170 command action<br>
171 e extended<br>
172 p primary partition (1-4)<br>
173 <font color="magenta">p</font><br>
174 partition number (1-4): <font color="magenta">4</font> <font color="#990000">(create partition sdc4)</font><br>
175 first cylinder (385-1000, default 385): <br>
176 using default value 385<br>
177 last cylinder, +cylinders or +size{k,m,g} (385-1000, default 1000): <br>
178 using default value 1000<br>
179 <br>
180 command (m for help): <font color="magenta">p</font> <font color="#990000">(display partition table)</font><br>
181 <br>
182 disk /dev/sdc: 1048 mb, 1048576000 bytes<br>
183 64 heads, 32 sectors/track, 1000 cylinders<br>
184 units = cylinders of 2048 * 512 = 1048576 bytes<br>
185 sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes<br>
186 i/o size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes<br>
187 disk identifier: 0x77a5188f<br>
188 <br>
189 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;device&nbsp;boot&nbsp;&nbsp;start&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;end&nbsp;&nbsp;blocks&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;id&nbsp;&nbsp;system<br>
190 /dev/sdc1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;384&nbsp;&nbsp;393216&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;17&nbsp;&nbsp;hidden&nbsp;hpfs/ntfs<br>
191 /dev/sdc4&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;385&nbsp;&nbsp;1000&nbsp;&nbsp;630784&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;83&nbsp;&nbsp;linux<br>
192 <br>
193 <br>
194 command (m for help): <font color="magenta">t</font> <font color="#990000">(change partition type)</font><br>
195 partition number (1-4): <font color="magenta">4</font><br>
196 hex code (type l to list codes): <font color="magenta">b</font><br>
197 changed system type of partition 4 to b (w95 fat32)<br>
198 <br>
199 command (m for help): <font color="magenta">p</font> <font color="#990000">(display partition table)</font><br>
200 <br>
201 disk /dev/sdc: 1048 mb, 1048576000 bytes<br>
202 64 heads, 32 sectors/track, 1000 cylinders<br>
203 units = cylinders of 2048 * 512 = 1048576 bytes<br>
204 sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes<br>
205 i/o size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes<br>
206 disk identifier: 0x77a5188f<br>
207 <br>
208 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;device&nbsp;boot&nbsp;&nbsp;start&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;end&nbsp;&nbsp;blocks&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;id&nbsp;&nbsp;system<br>
209 /dev/sdc1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;1&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;384&nbsp;&nbsp;393216&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;17&nbsp;&nbsp;hidden&nbsp;hpfs/ntfs<br>
210 /dev/sdc4&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;385&nbsp;&nbsp;1000&nbsp;&nbsp;630784&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;b&nbsp;&nbsp;w95&nbsp;fat32<br>
211 <br>
212 command (m for help): <font color="magenta">w</font> <font color="#990000">(write partition table to disk and exit)</font><br>
213 The partition table has been altered!<br>
214 <br>
215 Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.<br>
216 <br>
217 WARNING: Re-reading the partition table failed with error 16: Device or resource busy.<br>
218 The kernel still uses the old table. The new table will be used at<br>
219 the next reboot or after you run partprobe(8) or kpartx(8)<br>
220 Syncing disks.
221 </p>
222 <!--emty-line-->
223 <p>
224 At this point you should disconnect and reconnect your usb device. When it's recognised, you can format the partition you've just created
225 </p>
226 <!--emty-line-->
227 <p class="newcode">
228 mkdosfs -F 32 /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font>
229 </p>
230 <!--emty-line-->
231 <p>
232 The partition is now ready for use!!!
233 </p>
234 <!--emty-line-->
235 <H2><a name="usb-hard"></a>Installing the "hard" way <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H2>
236 <!--emty-line-->
237 <p>If the "easy" way does not work there is an alternative; you will use the <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> ISO file (or CD) to copy and modify a couple of files on the USB disk, and finally make it bootable, using <a href="http://syslinux.zytor.com" target="_blank">syslinux</a> and its configuration file <b>syslinux.cfg</b>.</p>
238 <!--emty-line-->
239 <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/important.png"></td><td>
240 Incorrect use of syslinux could cause your operating system<br> (GNU/Linux / Windows) <b>not to boot</b>.<br><br> Confirm the command before you run it.<br></td></tr></table></div>
241 <!--emty-line-->
242 <p>The only thing that's important is that your USB disk must contain a VFAT (Windows 98 or DOS) file system. If this is not the case, refer to the section "<a href="#trouble">Troubleshooting</a>", to find out how you can format it, before copying files to it.<br><br>
243 <!--emty-line-->
244 The bootable USB disk creation procedure can be performed either from Linux or Windows.</p>
245 <!-- note -->
246 <div align="center"><table class="note" border="0" cellpadding="20"><tr><td valign="top"><img src="images/info.png"></td><td>
247 If you want to create a bootable USB flash drive for this version<br>
248 or later, remember to use the syslinux command from <b>syslinux<br>
249 3.71 or later</b>. Otherwise the boot menu won't work.</td></tr></table></div>
250 <!-- Installation from Linux -->
251 <H3><a name="linux"></a>Installation from Linux <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
252 <p>There are two ways you can proceed, if you are going to use Linux to perform the USB installation, either using a running linux box, or using <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b>.<br><br>
253 <!--emty-line-->
254 I will assume that you have saved <b>clonezilla-sysresccd-full-mod-3.1.0.iso</b> in your home directory (<b><font color="Green">~</font></b>).</p>
255 <!--emty-line-->
256 <H3><a name="lin-box"></a>Using a linux box [<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H3>
257 <p>If you already have a linux box up and running, you can use it to create your <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> USB, without even having to burn it to CD beforehand. The only thing here is that you have to have <a href="http://syslinux.zytor.com" target="_blank">syslinux</a> installed.<br><br>
258 <!--emty-line-->
259 I will assume that your CD drive is <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sr0</font></b> and that your USB device is <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></b>. You may have to change any of them to reflect your system configuration.<br><br>
260 <!--emty-line-->
261 Boot into linux, connect your USB device and execute the following commands:</p>
262 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/mycd<br>
263 mount <font color="Green">~</font>/clonezilla-sysresccd-full-mod-3.1.0.iso /mnt/mycd -o loop<br>
264 mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
265 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font> /mnt/usbdevice<br>
266 cp -r /mnt/mycd/* /mnt/usbdevice<br>
267 umount /mnt/mycd; rmdir /mnt/mycd<br>
268 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
269 rm isolinux/*.cfg<br>
270 mv isolinux/* .<br>
271 rmdir isolinux<br>
272 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
273 rmdir /mnt/usbdevice</p>
274 <!--emty-line-->
275 <p>Finally make your USB device bootable, by executing</p>
276 <p class="newcode">syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
277 <p>and you are done.</p>
278 <!--emty-line-->
279 <H4><a name="lin-sys"></a>Using Clonezilla-SysRescCD [<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</H4>
280 <p>If you already burnt <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> to CD, you can use it to create your <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> USB.<br><br>
281 <!--emty-line-->
282 I will assume that your CD drive is <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sr0</font></b> and that your USB device is <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></b>. You may have to change any of them to reflect your system configuration.<br><br>
283 <!--emty-line-->
284 Boot <b>SystemRescueCD </b> using the option <b>To RAM</b>, and when it is fully loaded, execute the following commands:</p>
285 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/mycd<br>
286 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sr0</font> /mnt/mycd <br>
287 mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
288 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font> /mnt/usbdevice<br>
289 cp -r /mnt/mycd/* /mnt/usbdevice<br>
290 umount /mnt/mycd<br>
291 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
292 rm isolinux/*.cfg<br>
293 mv isolinux/* .<br>
294 rmdir isolinux<br>
295 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
296 <!--emty-line-->
297 <p>Finally make your USB device bootable, by executing</p>
298 <p class="newcode">syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
299 <p>and you are done.</p>
300
301
302 <!-- Installation from Windows -->
303 <H3><a name="windows"></a>Installation from Windows <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
304 <p>Installing <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> from Windows is as easy as it is in Linux. You have to burn <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> to CD or use a CD/DVD ROM emulator software like <a href="http://www.daemon-tools.cc/dtcc/announcements.php" target="_blank">Daemon Tools</a> to mount the ISO file.<br><br>
305 <!--emty-line-->
306 I will assume that your USB device is drive <b><font color="Green">K:</font></b> and your CD drive or mounted ISO file is drive
307 <b><font color="Green">D:</font></b>. You may have to change any of them, in order to reflect your system configuration.<br><br>
308
309 You will have to</p>
310
311 <ul>
312 <li>Copy all files from drive <b><font color="Green">D:</font></b> (CD or mounted ISO file) to drive <b><font color="Green">K:</font></b> (USB disk)</li>
313 <li>Delete <b><u>all</u> cfg</b> files from <b><font color="Green">K:</font>isolinux</b></li>
314 <li>Move all files from <b><font color="Green">K:</font>isolinux</b> to <b><font color="Green">K:</font></b></li>
315 <li>Delete folder <b><font color="Green">K:</font>isolinux</b> </li>
316 </ul>
317 <p>Now all you have to do is make your USB disk bootable. In order to do that you have to open a DOS window (in Windows XP press "<b>Start / Run </b>" and type <b>cmd</b>). Then type at DOS prompt:</p>
318 <p class="newcode"><font color="Green">K:</font><br>
319 cd utils/bootprog<br>
320 syslinux -ma <font color="Green">K:</font></p>
321
322 <!-- Booting from USB -->
323 <H3><a name="booting"></a>Booting from USB <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
324 <p>Before trying to boot from your USB device, you have to set your boot device at your BIOS. This means you have to reboot having your USB device connected, get into your BIOS (usually pressing DEL) and make the appropriate settings in the BOOT section.<br><br>
325 <!--emty-line-->
326 Booting <b>Clonezilla Live</b> should not be a problem. Just select the desired option and press ENTER to boot.<br><br>
327 <!--emty-line-->
328 Booting <b>SystemRescueCD</b> has been made equally simple with <b>SystemRescueCD v 1.0.0</b>, so you shouldn't have any problem (option <b>cdroot</b> is not required any more).<br><br>
329 <!--emty-line-->
330 If you have any problems here, you may try adding any of these boot parameters:</p>
331 <p class="newcode">usbstick<br>
332 doscsi</p>
333
334
335
336
337 <!-- Troubleshooting -->
338 <H3><a name="trouble"></a>Troubleshooting <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
339 <p>Whether you can successfully boot from a USB disk or not, depends mainly on your BIOS. Chances are that you will not be able to boot on an old computer, with an old (and possibly buggy) BIOS. So I would recommend testing your <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD USB</b> on a new computer.</p>
340 <ul>
341 <li><p style="margin-left: 0;"><b>I can't boot (I don't even see the splash screen)</b><br>
342 or <b>Clonezilla Live does not boot</b><br>
343 <!--emty-line-->
344 The first thing you should do is double check your BIOS settings. Reboot having your USB device connected, get into your BIOS (usually pressing DEL) and make the appropriate settings in the BOOT section.<br><br>
345 <!--emty-line-->
346 If you are on linux, check that the partition on the USB disk is active (bootable), executing:</p>
347 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">fdisk -l /dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font></p>
348 <p style="margin-left: 0;">You should get something similar to this:</p>
349 <!--emty-line-->
350
351 <p class="newcode">
352 Disk /dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font>: 1031 MB, 1031798272 bytes<br>
353 64 heads, 32 sectors/track, 983 cylinders<br>
354 Units = cylinders of 2048 * 512 = 1048576 bytes<br>
355 <br>
356 &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Device&nbsp;&nbsp;<font color="Red">Boot</font>&nbsp;&nbsp;Start&nbsp;&nbsp;End&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Blocks&nbsp;&nbsp;Id&nbsp;&nbsp;System<br>
357 /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<font color="Red">*</font>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;1&nbsp;&nbsp;983&nbsp;&nbsp;1006576&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;6&nbsp;&nbsp;FAT16<br>
358 </p>
359 <!--emty-line-->
360 <p style="margin-left: 0;"><br>If the partition is not active (no astrisk), execute:</p>
361 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">fdisk /dev/<font color="Green">sdc</font></p>
362 <p style="margin-left: 0;">and issue "Command: " <b>a</b> (toggle a bootable flag) and "Partition number:" <b><font color="Green">4</font></b> (for <b>/dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></b>).<br><br>
363 <!--emty-line-->
364 If you are on Windows, this is taken care of by syslinux (parameters -ma).<br><br>
365 <!--emty-line-->
366 If you still have problems booting, you should try to execute</p>
367 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">syslinux -s /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
368 <p style="margin-left: 0;">from Linux, or</p>
369 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">syslinux -sma <font color="Green">K:</font></p>
370 <p style="margin-left: 0;">from Windows (from folder <b><font color="Green">K:</font>syslinux</b>).<br><br>
371 <!--emty-line-->
372 syslinux man page reads:</p>
373 <!--emty-line-->
374 <p class="otherpage" style="margin-left: 0px;"><b>(Option) -s</b><br>
375 Install a "safe, slow and stupid" version of syslinux. This version may work <br>
376 on some very buggy BIOSes on which syslinux would otherwise fail. If you find <br>
377 a machine on which the -s option is required to make it boot reliably, please <br>
378 send as much info about your machine as you can, and include the failure mode.</p></li>
379 <!--emty-line-->
380 <li><p style="margin-left: 0;"><b>I still can't boot</b><br>
381 In this case you will have to format your USB disk.<br><br>
382 <!--emty-line-->
383 If you are using linux to perform the installation, execute the command:</p>
384 <!--emty-line-->
385 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">mkdosfs -F 16 /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
386 <!--emty-line-->
387 <p style="margin-left: 0;">to create a FAT16 file system, or</p>
388 <!--emty-line-->
389 <p class="newcode" style="margin-left: 0;">mkdosfs -F 32 /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font></p>
390 <!--emty-line-->
391 <p style="margin-left: 0;">to create a FAT32 file system.<br><br>
392 <!--emty-line-->
393 When you are done go back to section "<a href="#linux">Installation from Linux</a>".<br><br>
394 <!--emty-line-->
395 If you are on Windows, you should download the <a href="http://h50178.www5.hp.com/local_drivers/17550/SP27608.exe" target="_blank">HP-USB Format tool</a>, install it and format your USB drive using the Fat or Fat32 option. This program can be used to format USB devices that won't boot properly when formatted with Windows format tool.<br><br>
396 <!--emty-line-->
397 When you are done go back to section "<a href="#windows">Installation from Windows</a>".</p></li>
398 <!--emty-line-->
399 <li><b>I still can't boot (after formating)</b><br>
400 Things are getting tough!!! Try to format your USB disk using the option you did not use previously. So, if you have created a FAT32 file system, create a FAT16 file system this time, and recreate <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD</b> on USB.<br><br>
401 <!--emty-line-->
402 If nothing works, you are out of luck; you will not be able to use <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD USB</b> on this computer... If you do manage to boot it, please <a href="mailto:&#115;&#110;&#103;&#064;&#104;&#101;&#108;&#108;&#117;&#103;&#046;&#103;&#114;?subject=Success booting Clonezilla-SysRescCD v 3.1.0 USB">send me</a> a message.</li>
403 <!--emty-line-->
404 <li><b>SystemRescueCD does not boot</b><br>
405 Ok, you have managed to get to the splash screen and successfully booted <b>Clonezilla Live</b>. But you still can't boot <b>SystemRescueCD</b>.<br><br>
406 <!--emty-line-->
407 Refer to section <a href="#booting">Booting from USB</a> to find out the boot parameters you can use with <b>SystemRescueCD</b>.
408 </li>
409 </ul>
410
411
412 <!-- Customizing sysresc.cfg -->
413 <H3><a name="cfg"></a>Customizing sysresc.cfg <span class="hideprint">[<a href="#usb-top" title="go to top of the page">^</a>]</span></H3>
414 <p>As stated previously, <b>Clonezilla-SysRescCD USB</b> is booted by <b>syslinux</b> through its configuration file <b>syslinux.cfg</b>. This file loads <b>sysresc.cfg</b> in order to boot <b>SystemRescueCD</b>.<br><br>
415 <!--emty-line-->
416 If you have to specify any additional boot parameters for <b>SystemRescueCD</b>, you may want to write these changes to the configuration file, so that you don't have to insert them by hand every time.<br><br>
417 <!--emty-line-->
418 The procedure to do that is the following:<br><br>
419 <!--emty-line-->
420 Boot <b>SystemRescueCD</b> (or if that's not possible yet, bot <b>Clonezilla Linux</b> and get to the command line) using the option <b>To RAM</b>, and when it is fully loaded, execute the following commands:</p>
421 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
422 mount /dev/<font color="Green">[device]</font> /mnt/usbdevice <br>
423 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
424 cp sysresc.cfg sysresc.bak<br>
425 sed 's|<font color="Red">scandelay=5</font>|<font color="Red">scandelay=<font color="Green">x</font> [additional params]</font>|' <br>
426 sysresc.cfg &gt; sys.cfg<br>
427 mv sys.cfg sysresc.cfg<br>
428 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">[device]</font><br>
429 syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">[device]</font><br>
430 reboot</p>
431 <!--emty-line-->
432 <p>where <b><font color="Green">x</font></b> is a number from 1 to 10.</p>
433 <!--emty-line-->
434 <p>After executing these commands, you will have a new <b>sysresc.cfg</b> file, and a backup file called <b>sysresc.bak</b> (in case things go wrong).<br><br>
435 <!--emty-line-->
436 If, for example, you want to increase the device scan delay to maximum, the above commands would become:</p>
437 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
438 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font> /mnt/usbdevice <br>
439 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
440 cp sysresc.cfg sysresc.bak<br>
441 sed 's|<font color="Red">scandelay=5</font>|<font color="Red">scandelay=<font color="Green">10</font></font>|' sysresc.cfg &gt; sys.cfg<br>
442 mv sys.cfg sysresc.cfg<br>
443 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
444 syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
445 reboot</p>
446 <!--emty-line-->
447 <p>If, in addition to that, you had to use the boot parameter <b><font color="Red">usbstick</font></b>, then it would be:</p>
448 <p class="newcode">mkdir /mnt/usbdevice<br>
449 mount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font> /mnt/usbdevice <br>
450 cd /mnt/usbdevice<br>
451 cp sysresc.cfg sysresc.bak<br>
452 sed 's|<font color="Red">scandelay=5</font>|<font color="Red">scandelay=<font color="Green">10</font> usbstick</font>|' sysresc.cfg &gt; sys.cfg<br>
453 mv sys.cfg sysresc.cfg<br>
454 cd; umount /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
455 syslinux /dev/<font color="Green">sdc4</font><br>
456 reboot</p>
457 <!--emty-line-->
458 <p>In case something goes wrong with your new settings, you can always rename <b>sysresc.bak</b> to <b>sysresc.cfg</b>, either from linux or Windows.</p>
459
460
461 </div>
462
463
464
465 <!--<a name="template-top"></a>-->
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469 <p>Copyright: &#169; <a href="mailto:&#115;&#110;&#103;&#064;&#104;&#101;&#108;&#108;&#117;&#103;&#046;&#103;&#114;?subject=About Clonezilla-SysRescCD v 3.2.0">Spiros Georgaras</a>, 2007-2010<br /><br/>
470 Hosted by <a href="http://hellug.gr/index.php/OSullogos/Tautothta?from=Main.HELLUG" target="_blank" title="Hellenic Linux User Group">HEL.L.U.G.</a></p>
471 </div>
472 </div>
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474 WARNING<br>
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